Publications (1)0.8 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Research in Mexican schools, drawing upon earlier research in the UK, has led to the development and use of a method for describing, comparing and evaluating the particular approaches and interactional strategies used by teachers and learners. Using this method, qualitative and quantitative comparisons are made to distinguish between teachers who use a conventional, formal, directive approach when teaching 5-year-old children mathematical skills (called the "Official" method) and those who use a more interactive, collaborative, supportive, "scaffolded" approach to teach similar classes of children (called the "High Scope" method). In an earlier study, we found more competent and independent problem-solving among High/Scope pupils than among their peers taught by the Official method. In the present study, discourse analysis and statistical analysis of the relative frequencies of types of teacher-pupil interaction in the classrooms of two "Official" teachers and two "High' Scope" teachers are used to explain the improved problem-solving of the "High Scope" pupils. The findings support the view that by creating a more collaborative, scaffolded version of classroom education, teachers can more successfully enable children to develop their own problem-solving skills, learning strategies and curriculum-related understanding. The research also contributes to the development and implementation of methods for promoting a more effective style of teacher-learner interaction in the classroom.
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA, United States
- Department of Psychology