Romaine Malenfant

Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, Quebec, Canada

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Publications (15)6.15 Total impact

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    Full-text · Chapter · Jan 2013
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    Anne-Renée Gravel · Romaine Malenfant
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    ABSTRACT: The workforce shortage problem in Quebec’s hospitals requires that the re-assignment rights of pregnant workers be respected when reconsidering work organization. The right to re-assignment provides an opportunity to question and improve - with the participation of the involved parties - the efficiency of approaches and methods regarding health and safety, production, and staff management. A new model is emerging as a result. Beginning with results from research carried out in hospitals from three Quebec regions, this paper shows how adding a prevention agent who is in charge of applying re-assignment rights makes it possible to effectively influence ergonomic and organizational constraints and to keep women working during pregnancy with a constructive approach that is beneficial for both workers and employers.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011
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    Preview · Article · Jan 2011
  • Romaine Malenfant
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    ABSTRACT: In the risk society, managing health risks underlines a social tension between a logic of rationalization and a logic of subjectivation. In the former, techno-scientific thought dominates and induces a certain form of dependence on scientific experts while, in the latter, the individuals tend to be seen to make independent choices to protect their health. This article examines the logics of the actors in the risk management process from a constructivist perspective. According to Dubet's sociology of experience, social experience is structured around three logics: the logic of integration, i.e. the social world seen through the membership group, role and social relations; the strategic logic, i.e. the social world seen as a market; and the logic of subjectivation, i.e. the ability to be a subject, to distance oneself from the surrounding world and to give meaning to one's actions and decisions. Our qualitative research involved the analysis of the discourse of workers and employers in relation to the risk for pregnancy of work activities. The study was conducted in Quebec (Canada), where employers are legally obliged to protect the health of pregnant workers and the latter have the right to safe working conditions without prejudice. The results show that scientific experts do not have a determining impact on organizational changes and the representations of risk held by employers and women workers. Scientific controversies about work risks for pregnancy are used by employers to maintain the status quo while, for workers, the climate of employment and economic insecurity plays a significant role in how they deal with work-related health risks. Based on the theory of the risk society, the results bring out the complex interplay between scientific rationality and social rationality whereby risk is defined according to the interests of the actors involved. But, not consistent with certain tenets of the risk society thesis, they also reveal one's ability to be critical of institutionalized risk.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Organization Studies
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    Andrée Larue · Romaine Malenfant · Mylène Jetté

    Preview · Article · Jan 2009
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    Romaine Malenfant · Andree Larue · Michel Vezina
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    ABSTRACT: In a society in which stable employment remains the reference, one might presume that an insecure job situation would represent a threat to a person's well-being. In this qualitative empirical research based on the narrative method, the authors documented the career paths of 22 men and 30 women. Their goal was to understand how intermittent work is experienced by people and how it affects life and perceived health. At the time the authors met with them, the intermittent workers had no continuous employment ties with an employer and 60 percent of them had worked, off and on, for six months or more during the year preceding the interview. The people interviewed considered themselves to be available and able to work. Almost a third of them had once held a stable full-time job for many years. The results confirmed the importance of paid work and the central role that it plays in terms of social recognition and self-esteem. The participants assigned great value to having status as workers and to being integrated into a workplace on a regular basis. Some of these intermittent workers said that their poor working conditions and the investment required by the constant search for work as well as the repeated adaptation to a new working environment decreased their motivation at work, eventually causing them to distance themselves from the paid labour market. Others, however, are increasingly willing to accept compromises in order to secure a stable position in the labour market. They concede that this puts them in conflict with their own values in terms of what work means to them and they have difficulty accepting this contradiction. The effects of intermittent work on well-being are as damaging as those of unemployment due to a range of factors that are not restricted to the financial difficulties it creates. When employment fails to allow an individual to achieve self-fulfilment, develop his or her capacities and enter into relationships with others, it becomes, in some respects, `non-work'.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2007 · Current Sociology
  • R Bourbonnais · R Malenfant · M Vézina · N Jauvin · I Brisson
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    ABSTRACT: The association between the psychosocial work environment and mental health problems has been well documented over the past years. Karasek and Theorell's job strain model and Siegrist's effort/reward imbalance model have been associated to several physical and mental health problems. Moreover, in the last decade, the Quebec correctional services sector has known an important increase in sickness benefit claims for mental health problems. This study aimed to describe the psychosocial work characteristics and health of Quebec correctional officers and to determine the occupational risk factors associated to psychological distress among them. This cross-sectional study was realized among 1034 correctional officers from 18 prisons in the province of Quebec, 668 men and 366 women. The response rate was 76%. Psychological demands, decision latitude, social support at work, reward, and psychological distress have been documented by telephone interviews during spring 2000. Correctional officers were more exposed to adverse psychosocial factors at work than a comparable sample of Quebec workers and they reported more health problems. Results showed that the same sources of psychological distress affected men and women, but sometimes at different degrees. High psychological demands combined with low or high decision latitude, and effort/reward imbalance were associated to psychological distress independently of potential confounding factors. Among other work factors associated to the report of high psychological distress among correctional officers were low social support at work, and conflicts with colleagues and superiors. Many adverse psychosocial factors at work were in excess among correctional officers compared to workers from the general population. These factors, also related to high levels of psychological distress, could be addressed with the goal of primary prevention of mental health problems at work.
    No preview · Article · May 2005 · Revue d Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
  • R. Bourbonnais · R. Malenfant · M. Vézina · N. Jauvin · I. Brisson
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    ABSTRACT: Background The association between the psychosocial work environment and mental health problems has been well documented over the past years. Karasek and Theorell's job strain model and Siegrist's effort/reward imbalance model have been associated to several physical and mental health problems. Moreover, in the last decade, the Quebec correctional services sector has known an important increase in sickness benefit claims for mental health problems. This study aimed to describe the psychosocial work characteristics and health of Quebec correctional officers and to determine the occupational risk factors associated to psychological distress among them. Methods This cross-sectional study was realized among 1034 correctional officers from 18 prisons in the province of Quebec, 668 men and 366 women. The response rate was 76%. Psychological demands, decision latitude, social support at work, reward, and psychological distress have been documented by telephone interviews during spring 2000. Results Correctional officers were more exposed to adverse psychosocial factors at work than a comparable sample of Quebec workers and they reported more health problems. Results showed that the same sources of psychological distress affected men and women, but sometimes at different degrees. High psychological demands combined with low or high decision latitude, and effort/reward imbalance were associated to psychological distress independently of potential confounding factors. Among other work factors associated to the report of high psychological distress among correctional officers were low social support at work, and conflicts with colleagues and superiors. Conclusion Many adverse psychosocial factors at work were in excess among correctional officers compared to workers from the general population. These factors, also related to high levels of psychological distress, could be addressed with the goal of primary prevention of mental health problems at work.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · Revue d Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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    ABSTRACT: In the last 15 years, the health care system has undergone significant restructuring. The study's objective was to examine the psychosocial work environment and the health of nurses after major restructuring in comparison with two reference populations. This cross-sectional study involved 2,006 nurses from 16 health centers. A questionnaire measured current work characteristics: psychological demands, decision latitude, and social support at work from Karasek's Job Content Questionnaire, organizational changes, and health effects. Prevalence ratios and binomial regression were used to examine the associations between current work characteristics, changes and psychological distress (PSI). There was a considerable increase in the prevalence of PSI and of adverse psychosocial work factors in comparison to the prevalence reported by a comparable group of nurses in 1994. These adverse factors were also more prevalent among nurses than among Québec working women and they were independently associated with psychological distress. Workplace interventions should be based on elements identified by many nurses as being problematic.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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    Romaine MALENFANT · Andrée LARUE · Lucie MERCIER

    Preview · Article · Jan 2002
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last years, the Quebec health system has gone through a period of transformation aimed at cost reduction and better efficiency. The present study describes the effects of the transformation on the professional life and on the health of nurses in the Quebec City urban area. Despite a cross-sectional study not allowing links from cause to effect and despite the fact that the study only includes nurses who were still employed by institutions, the research shows an increase of the prevalence of a higher level of psychological distress in nurses since the beginning of the transformation. Interventions in the work place should be geared to professional factors that nurses identify as problematical.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Sante mentale au Quebec
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 1999 · Sante mentale au Quebec
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    Andrée Larue · Romaine Malenfant · Lucie Mercier · Michel Vézina

    Full-text · Article · Jan 1999
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    Full-text · Article ·
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    ROMAINE MALENFANT · MAURICE LÉVESQUE · MYLÈNE JETTÉ

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Publication Stats

121 Citations
6.15 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007-2011
    • Université du Québec en Outaouais
      • Département de relations industrielles
      Gatineau, Quebec, Canada
  • 1999
    • L'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Québec
      Quebec City, Quebec, Canada