[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome is characterized by infantile onset seizures, development delay, movement disorders, and acquired microcephaly. The phenotype includes allelic variants such as intermittent ataxia, choreoathetosis, dystonia, and alternating hemiplegia of childhood with or without epilepsy. Dystonias involve allelic variants of glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome. Three Chinese patients presented with paroxysmal behavioral disturbance, weakness, ataxia (especially after fasting), and exercise intolerance. Electroencephalogram findings did not correlate with clinical manifestations. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging produced normal results or mild hypomyelination. Hypoglycorrhachia was evident in all cases. Cerebrospinal fluid glucose ranged from 1.63-2.45 mmol/L. Erythrocyte 3-O-methyl-d-glucose uptake was decreased to 58% in patient 1. Three SLC2A1 disease-causing mutations (761delA, P383H, and R400C) were observed. No patient tolerated ketogenic diets. Two patients responded to frequent meals with snacks. Cerebrospinal fluid evaluation constitutes the diagnostic testing permitting early treatment of glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome. Early diagnosis and treatment improve prognoses.
No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Pediatric Neurology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked dominant neurodevelopment disorder, which is mainly caused by gene mutation of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2). The correlations between genotype, X chromosome inactivation (XCI), and phenotype have been studied, but the results are conflicting. In the present study, XCI patterns in patients and their mothers, parental origin of skewed X chromosome in patients, and the correlations between XCI, genotype, and phenotype were analyzed in 52 cases of RTT with MECP2 mutations, 50 RTT mothers, and 48 normal female controls. The results showed XCI and genotype had limitations in explaining all the phenotypic manifestations of RTT. Other genomic factors have to be considered to explain the phenotypic differences.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Journal of Child Neurology