[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Single- and Multi-step selection studies were used to test the ability of BMS-284756, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, trovafloxacin and moxifloxacin to yield resistant clones from 12 quinolone-susceptible and -resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae strains. Although all quinolones selected, to a greater or lesser degree, for resistant clones with mutations usually in parC or gyrA, BMS-284756 tended to select for resistant clones at a lower rate than other quinolones studied.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Time-kill studies indicated that clinafloxacin showed synergy after 24 h with ceftazidime, amikacin, and imipenem against 12, 8, and 10 of 33 gram-negative rods, respectively; with vancomycin, teicoplanin, cefotaxime, and amikacin against 3, 3, 1, and 1 of 9 staphylococci and enterococci, respectively; and with vancomycin, penicillin, and cefotaxime against 0, 2, and 2 of 3 pneumococci, respectively. The MICs of clinafloxacin alone for most strains were >/=1 microg/ml.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The activities of levofloxacin and clarithromycin against 199 penicillin- and macrolide-susceptible and -resistant pneumococci were tested by agar and microdilution methods in air and by disk diffusion and E-test methods in air and CO2. For levofloxacin, >/=99. 0% of strains were susceptible at </=2.0 microgram/ml with zone diameters of >/=17 mm, regardless of incubation in air or CO2. Although zone sizes were smaller and E-test MICs were higher for clarithromycin in CO2 than those in air, category differences were minor, and susceptibility rates for clarithromycin were similar to those obtained by agar and microdilution in air (range, 76.9 to 80.9% by all methods). For clarithromycin, adjustment of breakpoints based upon distribution of results resulted in susceptibility rates which were similar by all methods (75.8 to 76.9% susceptible, 0 to 1.5% intermediate, 22.6 to 23.1% resistant). Minor discrepancies were obtained with levofloxacin for one strain (0.5%) by microdilution and two strains (1.0%) by disk diffusion in CO2. For clarithromycin, minor discrepancies were found in three strains (1.5%) by microdilution, seven strains (3.5%) by agar dilution, four strains (2.0%) by E-test in air, six strains (3.0%) by disk diffusion in air, and five strains (2.5%) by disk diffusion in CO2. Major discrepancies occurred with levofloxacin in one strain (0.5%) by microdilution but were not found with clarithromycin. Very major discrepancies were not seen with levofloxacin, but occurred with clarithromycin in five strains (2.5%) by microdilution, three strains (1.5%) by agar dilution, two strains (1.0%) by E-test in air, eight strains (4.0%) by disk diffusion in air, and one strain (0.5%) by disk diffusion in CO2.
Preview · Article · Jan 1999 · Journal of Clinical Microbiology