[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study it is aimed to contribute in determination of geographic distribution of Hydatid Cysts in Turkey and to emphasize the clinic chaos of Hydatid Cysts cases found in various localizations, by indicating the prevalence of Hydatid Cysts in our region.
It is evaluated that the cases diagnosed as Hydatid Cysts in Atatürk University Medical Faculty Pathology Depatment/Erzurum laboratories between 2003-2013; in terms of their age, gender, organ involvement and histopathologic detail.
In our study, 459 Hydatid Cysts cases are defined. The most common localizations of cases are determined as liver (n:280, 61%) and lung (n:86, 18,7%). Those are followed by the kidney (n:12, 2,6%), brain (n:12, 2,6%) and spleen (n:9, 2.3%). Multi-organ involvement is observed in 31 cases (6.7%), in 10 (2.2%) cases co-occurence of liver and lung is determined. Unusual organ involvement is observed in 64 cases (13.9%) while the liver and lung is not involved.
Hydatid Cysts is an important health issue which is endemically seen in our region. It can be observed in various localizations of human body, other than the liver and lung. Those various localizations lie behind the serious diagnostic problems in endemic regions.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Turkiye parazitolojii dergisi / Turkiye Parazitoloji Dernegi = Acta parasitologica Turcica / Turkish Society for Parasitology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: zet Kaposi sarkomu, ön planda ve daha sık olarak immunsuprese hastalarda izlenen, infeksiyöz, immunolojik ve neoplastik süreçlerin iç içe girdiği tümöral bir yapılanmadır. İlk kez Moritz Kaposi tarafından "idiopatik multiple pigmentli sarkoma" olarak tanımlanmıştır. Biyolojik davranış açısından düşük malignite potansiyeli taşıyan vasküler tümörler gurubunda yer alır. Sıklıkla organ nakli alıcısı ve kazanılmış immün yetmezlik sendromu gibi immünsüprese hastalarda daha çok gelişen, lokalizasyon olarak alt ekstremite derisini tercih eden bu tümör başlıca 5-6. dekatlardaki erkeklerde görülür. Tümörün deri lezyonları ile birlikte organ tutulumu yapabilen farklı klinik formları vardır. Son yıllarda birçok alt tipi tanımlanan bu tümörde patolojik tanı giderek önem kazanmaktadır. Burada nadir görülen püyojenik granüloma benzeri tip tanısı konan altmış üç yaşındaki bir erkek hasta olgusu sunulmuştur. Abstract Kaposi's sarcoma, the most frequently affecting immunosuppressed patients, is the tumoral structure that is mixed with infectious, immunologic, and neoplastic processes. The tumor was first described as " Idiopathic Multiple Pigmented Sarcoma " by Moritz Kaposi. According to the biological behavior, Kaposi Sarcoma is located in the vascular tumors group with low malignant potential. The disease occurs more often in the transplant and immunosuppressed patients such as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, affects mainly men in their fifth or sixth decades, and involves the low extremites. The tumor, that can present cutaneous lesions with or without internal involvement, has different clinical forms. In recent years, the pathological diagnosis of the tumor, which has several sub-types, is becoming increasingly important. We presented a sixty three years old male's case, diagnosed with seldom seen pyogenic granuloma-like Kaposi's sarcoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: To prospectively compare the sensitivity of Wang 22-gauge needle aspiration and 19-gauge needle aspiration with bronchial biopsy and determine whether there was difference between 22-gauge and 19-gauge needle aspirations in the diagnosis of endobronchial malignancies. Materials and methods: All patients (63 patients) in the study underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy that included 22-gauge needle aspiration and 19-gauge needle aspiration. In 50 patients bronchial biopsy was done. The sensitivities of the individual techniques were compared. Results: Cancer was diagnosed in 48 patients by 22-gauge needle aspiration and 19-gauge needle aspiration, and in 43 patients by bronchial biopsy. The sensitivity of bronchial biopsy was 0.86. The addition of 22-gauge and 19-gauge needle aspirations to bronchial biopsy increased the sensitivity to 0.90 and 0.88, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 1.0). The maximal diagnostic yield was obtained with the combination of needle aspirations and forceps biopsy in the detection of submucosal or peribronchial bronchogenic carcinoma (100%) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The combination of forceps biopsy and transbronchial needle aspirations should be used for the highest rate of bronchoscopic diagnostic yield. However, there was no difference for increasing diagnostic yield in patients with visible endobronchial lesions between 22-gauge and 19-gauge needles.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause that commonly involves the lungs, lymph nodes, bones, liver,
spleen, or skin. Cutaneous findings of sarcoidosis occur in 20% to 35% of patients with systemic disease. The recognition
of cutaneous lesions is important, because it gives important clues to diagnosis and also allows for easy biopsy. We report
a 71-year-old Turkish woman with erythematous lesions, which included widespread, erythematous macules of various sizes on
the chest, abdomen, and back on both sides of her body. Fine white scales covered some of the lesions. Hepatomegaly and bilateral
hilar lymphadenopathy were also observed. Biopsy specimens of the skin showed dermal, noncaseating, epitheloid granulomas.
The diagnosis, based on correlation of the clinical presentation and histopathological findings, was ichthyosiform sarcoidosis
with systemic involvement. The difference between our case and other cases of ichthyosiform sarcoidosis described in the literature
is that ours involved only the trunk and not the extremities. We are presenting this case because it is an interesting and
rare variant of ichthyosiform sarcoidosis.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Central European Journal of Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although peripheral giant cell granulomas (PGCG) develop mainly within soft tissue, on rare occasions they may involve underlying bone and become visible radiologically. In such cases, the diameter of the hemorrhagic lesion rarely exceeds 20 mm, and pain is uncommon. This paper describes the successful treatment of two cases of huge PGCGs that led to alveolar bone resorption.INTRODUCTION Peripheral giant cell granulomas (PGCG) are relatively uncommon reactive exophytic lesions of the oral cavity. 1-4 Although PGCGs may be observed at any age, they are reportedly more common among individuals in their 50s and 60s, present slightly more frequently in the mandible than in the maxilla and have a slightly higher incidence in females than males. 1,3-5 PGCGs may develop at the interdental papilla, gum or edentulous alveolar margins. These hemorrhagic lesions rarely exceed 2 cm in diameter, may be pedunculated or sessile, are red or reddish blue in colour and reveal an elastic structure on palpation. 1-5 PGCGs tend to be asymptomatic; however, while pain is uncommon, the lesion may become ulcerated as a result of repeated trauma. 2,5 PGCG very rarely affects the underlying bone, although the latter may suffer superficial erosion.