Regina Jakacki M.D

Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States

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Publications (3)14.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Ninety percent of children with diffuse intrinsic brainstem tumors will die within 18 months of diagnosis. Radiotherapy is of transient benefit, and one way to potentially improve its efficacy is to add radiosensitizers. Carboplatin is antineoplastic and radiosensitizing. However, delivery to the primary tumor site is problematic. RMP-7 is a bradykinin analog that causes selective permeability of the blood-brain-tumor interface. The goal of the current Phase I study was to determine the toxicity and feasibility of delivering RMP-7 and carboplatin for 5 successive days during radiotherapy.METHODSRMP-7 was given before the end of carboplatin infusion. Local radiotherapy (5940 centigrays) was given within 4 hours of completion of drug delivery. Duration of treatment was escalated in a stepwise, weekly fashion, in cohorts of 3, until there was treatment-limiting toxicity or until radiotherapy was completed. Thirteen patients were treated, whose median age was 7 years (range, 3–14 yrs).RESULTSOne child died early in treatment of progressive disease and was not assessable for toxicity. Treatment for 3, 4, or 5 weeks was tolerated well, with mild flushing, tachycardia, nausea, emesis, dizziness, and abdominal pain. Of 3 children treated at the full duration of therapy (33 doses over 7 wks), 1 developed dose-limiting hepatotoxicity and neutropenia. The estimated median survival period was 328 days, and 1 patient remained disease progression free > 400 days from initiation of treatment.CONCLUSIONS The results of the current study confirmed the feasibility of giving RMP-7 and carboplatin daily during radiotherapy. Cancer 2005. © 2005 American Cancer Society.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND The diencephalic syndrome (DS), which is manifested by progressive emaciation and failure to thrive in an apparently alert, cheerful infant, usually is due to a low grade hypothalamic glioma. Treatment with aggressive surgery and/or radiotherapy is variably successful in controlling disease and may result in severe neurologic sequelae. Chemotherapy recently has been shown to be effective in patients with low grade gliomas of childhood, but it is used infrequently in those with DS.METHODS The authors evaluated the efficacy of a regimen of carboplatin and vincristine on improving weight, causing tumor shrinkage, and delaying the need for alternative therapies in seven children (ages 9‐20 months; median age, 11 months) with DS. Five patients weighed less than the 5th percentile for their age at the start of the study, one weighed within the 10th percentile, and one weighed within the 25th percentile.RESULTSAt follow‐up (range, 6‐54 months; median, 28 months), the patients' weights had increased by 66‐95% (median, 80%). On magnetic resonance imaging, four patients had a >50% reduction in tumor mass, one had a 25‐50% reduction, and two had stable disease. In those patients with radiographic response to treatment, weight gain was accomplished with oral feedings in four of five patients, whereas those with stable disease required nasogastric, nasojejunal, or gastrostomy tube supplementation to maintain weight. Disease progression occurred at a median of 24 months after initiation of chemotherapy, and two patients remained free of progressive disease at last follow‐up. Five patients were alive a median of 59 months from diagnosis. The need for radiation or other therapies was delayed in six of seven children. Therapy was tolerated without significant toxicities.CONCLUSION The authors conclude that treatment of DS with a carboplatin and vincristine regimen results in demonstrable weight gain, may result in tumor shrinkage, and in some cases, significantly delays the need for alternative therapies. Cancer 1998;83:166‐172. © 1998 American Cancer Society.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 1998 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Topotecan is a topoisomerase I inhibitor that has good penetration across the blood-brain barrier and significant antitumor activity against human brain tumor xenografts. In a Phase I trial in children with refractory cancer, topotecan was well tolerated when administered as a 24-hour infusion. The maximum tolerated dose was 5.5 mg/m2 and the dose-limiting toxicity was myelosuppression. This Phase II study of topotecan was performed to assess the activity of topotecan against childhood brain tumors.METHODS Forty-five children with either a previously treated primary brain tumor that was refractory to standard therapy, or an untreated brain stem glioma or glioblastoma multiforme, received topotecan administered as a 24-hour intravenous infusion every 21 days. The initial dose was 5.5 mg/m2 with escalation to 7.5 mg/m2 on the second and subsequent doses in patients who did not experience dose-limiting toxicity.RESULTSThere were no complete or partial responses in the patients with high grade glioma (n = 9), medulloblastoma (n = 9), or brain stem glioma (n = 14). One of 2 patients with a low grade glioma had a partial response lasting more than 17 months; 3 patients with a brain stem glioma had stable disease for 12 to 28 weeks; and 1 patient with a malignant neuroepithelial tumor and 1 patient with an optic glioma had stable disease for 41 weeks and 22 weeks, respectively. Dose esalation from 5.5 mg/m2 to 7.5 mg/m2 was well tolerated in the first 11 patients enrolled on this study who had not received prior craniospinal radiation therapy. The starting dose was subsequently increased to 7.5 mg/m2 for patients without prior craniospinal radiation.CONCLUSIONS Topotecan administered as a 24-hour infusion every 21 days is inactive in high grade gliomas, medulloblastomas, and brain stem tumors. Cancer 1996;78:527-31.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1996 · Cancer