[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The levels of 9 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) 6 of which carcinogenic were measured in the leaves of evergreen tree (Laurus nobilis) sampled in 13 locations in summer and winter in Tuscany, Italy. The carcinogenic PAH levels were correlated with the PAH air levels sampled at the same site. Samples from larger towns had higher PAH levels than those from medium and small towns. Leaves collected in the center of larger cities had higher carcinogenic PAH levels than samples from residential areas indicating that vehicular traffic is the main PAH source.Carcinogenic PAH levels in leaves collected in the winter in medium towns were considerably higher than expected, probably due to domestic heating. These findings demonstrate that air quality in terms of PAH contamination is not markedly different in towns of different size in Tuscany.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely distributed environment pollutants of air, water and soil. Since many PAHs are potent mutagens and/or carcinogens the occurrence of these compounds in the lower atmosphere is an important element of environmental pollution. We measured PAH levels in airborne particles collected in the town of Arezzo, (Tuscany, Italy), during the period April 1997-February 1998. Air monitoring for 24 h was repeated for 7 days, during two weeks, in each season; a total of 84 air samples were obtained sampling two urban sites where the traffic is the main source of pollution. One site is a residential area. The data of this study indicate a pronounced seasonal variation in PAH levels and show that in cold spells other sources of contamination besides vehicular traffic are important.
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