R. Hilfer

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (124)198.58 Total impact

  • R. Steinle · R. Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: A sequence of drainage and imbibition shocks within the traditional theory of two-phase immiscible displacement can give rise to shallow non-monotone saturation profiles as shown in Hilfer and Steinle (Eur Phys J Spec Top 223:2323, 2014). This phenomenon depends sensitively on model parameters and initial conditions. The dependence of saturation overshoot on initial conditions is investigated more systematically in this article. The results allow to determine regions in the parameter space for the observation of saturation overshoot and to explore limitations of the underlying idealized hysteresis model. Numerical solutions of the nonlinear partial differential equations of motion reveal a strong dependence of the overshoot phenomenon on the boundary and initial conditions. Overshoot solutions with experimentally detectable height are shown to exist numerically. Extensive parameter studies reveal different classes of initial conditions for which the width of the overshoot region can decrease, increase or remain constant.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Transport in Porous Media
  • O. Hörig · P. A. Zegeling · F. Duster · R. Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: Motivated by observations of saturation overshoot, this article investigates generic classes of smooth travelling wave solutions of a system of two coupled nonlinear parabolic partial differential equations resulting from a flux function of high symmetry. All boundary resp. limit value problems of the travelling wave ansatz, which lead to smooth travelling wave solutions, are systematically explored. A complete, visually and computationally useful representation of the five-dimensional manifold connecting wave velocities and boundary resp. limit data is found by using methods from dynamical systems theory. The travelling waves exhibit monotonic, non-monotonic or plateau-shaped behaviour. Special attention is given to the non-monotonic profiles. The stability of the travelling waves is studied by numerically solving the full system of the partial differential equations with an efficient and accurate adaptive moving grid solver.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Transport in Porous Media
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    ABSTRACT: Capillary desaturation experiments produce disconnected (trapped) ganglia of mesoscopic sizes intermediate between pore size and system size. Experimental evidence for interactions between these mesoscale clusters during desaturation is analyzed and discussed within the established microscopic and macroscopic laws of Newton, Young-Laplace, and Darcy. A theoretical expression for capillary number correlations is introduced that seems to have remained unnoticed. It expresses capillary desaturation curves in terms of stationary capillary pressures and relative permeabilities. The theoretical expression shows that the plateau saturation in capillary desaturation curves may in general differ from the residual nonwetting saturation defined through the saturation limit of the main hysteresis loop. Hysteresis effects as well as the difference between wetting and nonwetting fluids are introduced into the analysis of capillary desaturation experiments. The article examines experiments with different desaturation protocols and discusses the existence of a mesoscopic length scale intermediate between pore scale and sample scale. The theoretical expression is derived entirely within the existing traditional theory of two-phase flow in porous media and compared to a recent experiment.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Physical Review E
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    R. Hilfer

    Preview · Article · Jul 2015
  • R Hilfer · A Lemmer
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate determination of geometrical and physical properties of natural porous materials is notoriously difficult. Continuum multiscale modeling has provided carefully calibrated realistic microstructure models of reservoir rocks with floating point accuracy. Previous measurements using synthetic microcomputed tomography (μ-CT) were based on extrapolation of resolution-dependent properties for discrete digitized approximations of the continuum microstructure. This paper reports continuum measurements of volume and specific surface with full floating point precision. It also corrects an incomplete description of rotations in earlier publications. More importantly, the methods of differential permeametry and differential porosimetry are introduced as precision tools. The continuum microstructure chosen to exemplify the methods is a homogeneous, carefully calibrated and characterized model for Fontainebleau sandstone. The sample has been publicly available since 2010 on the worldwide web as a benchmark for methodical studies of correlated random media. High-precision porosimetry gives the volume and internal surface area of the sample with floating point accuracy. Continuum results with floating point precision are compared to discrete approximations. Differential porosities and differential surface area densities allow geometrical fluctuations to be discriminated from discretization effects and numerical noise. Differential porosimetry and Fourier analysis reveal subtle periodic correlations. The findings uncover small oscillatory correlations with a period of roughly 850μm, thus implying that the sample is not strictly stationary. The correlations are attributed to the deposition algorithm that was used to ensure the grain overlap constraint. Differential permeabilities are introduced and studied. Differential porosities and permeabilities provide scale-dependent information on geometry fluctuations, thereby allowing quantitative error estimates.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Physical Review E
  • Rudolf Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: Fractional Bochner-Levy-Riesz diffusion arises from ordinary diffusion by replacing the Laplacean with a noninteger power of itself. Bochner- Levy-Riesz diffusion as a mathematical model leads to nonlocal boundary value problems. As a model for physical transport processes it seems to predict phenomena that have yet to be observed in experiment.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis
  • R. Hilfer · R. Steinle
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    ABSTRACT: Saturation overshoot and hysteresis for two phase flow in porous media are briefly reviewed. Old and new challenges are discussed. It is widely accepted that the traditional Richards model for twophase flow in porous media does not support non-monotone travelling wave solutions for the saturation profile. As a concequence various extensions and generalizations have been recently discussed. The review highlights different limits within the traditional theory. It emphasizes the relevance of hysteresis in the Buckley–Leverett limit with jump-type hysteresis in the relative permeabilities. Reviewing the situation it emerges that the traditional theory may have been abandoned prematurely because of its inability to predict saturation overshoot in the Richards limit.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · The European Physical Journal Special Topics
  • Andreas Lemmer · Rudolf Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: This paper introduces a domain decomposition method for numerically solving the Stokes equation for very large, complex geometries. Examples arise from realistic porous media. The computational method is based on the SIMPLE (Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations) algorithm which uses a finite-differences approach for discretizing the underlying equations. It achieves comparable speed and efficiency as lattice Boltzmann methods. The domain decomposition method splits a large three-dimensional region into slices that can be processed in parallel on multi-processor computation environments with only minimal communication between the computation nodes. With this method, the flow through a porous medium with grid sizes up to 20483 voxel has been calculated.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of Computational Physics
  • F. Doster · R. Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: The paper compares a theory for immiscible displacement based on distinguishing percolating and non-percolating fluid parts (Physica A, 371, 209 (2006)) with experimental observations from multistep outflow experiments (Water Resources Res, 27, 2113 (1991)). The paper focusses on hysteretic phenomena resulting from repeated cycling between drainage and imbibition processes in multistep pressure experiments. Taking into account the hydraulic differences between percolating and non-percolating fluid parts provides a physical basis to predict quantitatively the hysterestic phenomena observed in the experiment. While standard hysteretic extensions of the traditional theory are nonlocal in time the theory used in this paper is local in time. Instead of storing the pressure and saturation history it requires only the current state of the system to reach the same quantitative agreement.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
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    Oliver Hönig · Florian Doster · Rudolf Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: One-dimensional traveling wave solutions for imbibition processes into a homogeneous porous medium are found within a recent generalized theory of macro- scopic capillarity. The generalized theory is based on the hydrodynamic differences between percolating and nonpercolating fluid parts. The traveling wave solutions are obtained using a dynamical systems approach. An exhaustive study of all smooth traveling wave solutions for primary and secondary imbibition processes is reported here. It is made possible by introducing two novel methods of reduced graphical rep- resentation. In the first method the integration constant of the dynamical system is related graphically to the boundary data and the wave velocity. In the second rep- resentation the wave velocity is plotted as a function of the boundary data. Each of these two graphical representations provides an exhaustive overview over all one- dimensional and smooth solutions of traveling wave type, that can arise in primary and secondary imbibition. Analogous representations are possible for other systems, solution classes and processes.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Transport in Porous Media
  • R. Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: This article summarizes briefly the presentation given by the author at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy and its Advanced Technological Applications", held in Perpignan, France, in September 2011. The purpose of the invited presentation at the workshop was to review and summarize the basic theory of fractional dynamics (Hilfer, Phys Rev E 48:2466, 1993; Hilfer and Anton, Phys Rev E Rapid Commun 51:R848, 1995; Hilfer, Fractals 3(1):211, 1995; Hilfer, Chaos Solitons Fractals 5:1475, 1995; Hilfer, Fractals 3:549, 1995; Hilfer, Physica A 221:89, 1995; Hilfer, On fractional diffusion and its relation with continuous time random walks. In: Pekalski et al. (eds) Anomalous diffusion: from basis to applications. Springer, Berlin, p 77, 1999; Hilfer, Fractional evolution equations and irreversibility. In: Helbing et al. (eds) Traffic and granular flow'99. Springer, Berlin, p 215, 2000; Hilfer, Fractional time evolution. In: Hilfer (ed) Applications of fractional calculus in physics. World Scientific, Singapore, p 87, 2000; Hilfer, Remarks on fractional time. In: Castell and Ischebeck (eds) Time, quantum and information. Springer, Berlin, p 235, 2003; Hilfer, Physica A 329:35, 2003; Hilfer, Threefold introduction to fractional derivatives. In: Klages et al. (eds) Anomalous transport: foundations and applications. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, pp 17-74, 2008; Hilfer, Foundations of fractional dynamics: a short account. In: Klafter et al. (eds) Fractional dynamics: recent advances. World Scientific, Singapore, p 207, 2011) and demonstrate its relevance and application to broadband dielectric spectroscopy (Hilfer, J Phys Condens Matter 14:2297, 2002; Hilfer, Chem Phys 284:399, 2002; Hilfer, Fractals 11:251, 2003; Hilfer et al., Fractional Calc Appl Anal 12:299, 2009). It was argued, that broadband dielectric spectroscopy might be useful to test effective field theories based on fractional dynamics.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics
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    R. Hilfer · F. Doster · P.A. Zegeling
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, the observation of nonmonotonicity of traveling wave solutions for saturation profiles during constant-flux infiltration experiments has highlighted the shortcomings of the traditional, seventy year old mathematical model for immiscible displacement in porous media. Several recent modifications have been proposed to explain these observations. The present paper suggests that nonmonotone saturation profiles might occur even at zero flux. Specifically, nonmonotonicity of saturation profiles is predicted for hydrostatic equilibrium, when both fluids are at rest. It is argued that in traditional theories with the widely used single-valued monotone constitutive functions, nonmonotone profiles should not exist in hydrostatic equilibrium. The same applies to some modifications of the traditional theory. Nonmonotone saturation profiles in hydrostatic equilibrium arise within a generalized theory that contains the traditional theory as a special case. The physical origin of the phenomenon is simultaneous occurrence of imbibition and drainage. It is argued that indications for nonmonotone saturation profiles in hydrostatic equilibrium might have been observed in past experiments and could become clearly observable in a closed column experiment.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Vadose Zone Journal
  • F. Doster · O. Hönig · R. Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: A recent macroscopic mixture theory for two-phase immiscible displacement in porous media has introduced percolating and nonpercolating phases. Quasi-analytic solutions are computed and compared to the traditional theory. The solutions illustrate physical insights and effects due to spatiotemporal changes of nonpercolating phases, and they highlight the differences from traditional theory. Two initial and boundary value problems are solved in one spatial dimension. In the first problem a fluid is displaced by another fluid in a horizontal homogeneous porous medium. The displacing fluid is injected with a flow rate that keeps the saturation constant at the injection point. In the second problem a horizontal homogeneous porous medium is considered which is divided into two subdomains with different but constant initial saturations. Capillary forces lead to a redistribution of the fluids. Errors in the literature are reported and corrected.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Physical Review E
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    Simon Candelaresi · Rudolf Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: Analysis of excess wings in broadband dielectric spectroscopy data of glass forming materials is found to provide evidence for anomalous time evolutions and fractional semigroups. Solutions of fractional evolution equations in frequency space are used to fit dielectric spectroscopy data of glass forming materials with a range between 4 and 10 decades in frequency. We show that with only three parameters (two relaxation times plus one exponent) excellent fits can be obtained for 5-methyl-2-hexanol and for methyl-m-toluate over up to 7 decades. The traditional Havriliak-Negami fit with three parameters (two exponents and one relaxation time) fits only 4-5 decades. Using a second exponent, as in Havriliak-Negami fits, the $\alpha$-peak and the excess wing can be modeled perfectly with our theory for up to 10 decades for all materials at all temperatures considered here. Traditionally this can only be accomplished by combining two Havriliak-Negami functions with 6 parameters. The temperature dependent relaxation times are fitted with the Vogel-Tammann-Fulcher relation which provides the corresponding Vogel-Fulcher temperatures. The relaxation times turn out to obey almost perfectly the Vogel-Tammann-Fulcher law. Finally we report new and computable expressions of time dependent relaxation functions corresponding to the frequency dependent dielectric susceptibilities.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012
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    F Doster · R Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: The full text is available in the PDF provided.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · New Journal of Physics
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    F Doster · R Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: Hysteresis and fluid entrapment pose unresolved problems for the theory of flow in porous media. A generalized macroscopic mixture theory for immiscible two-phase displacement in porous media (Hilfer 2006b Phys. Rev. E 73 016307) has introduced percolating and nonpercolating phases. It is studied here in an analytically tractable hyperbolic limit. In this limit a fractional flow formulation exists, that resembles the traditional theory. The Riemann problem is solved analytically in one dimension by the method of characteristics. Initial and boundary value problems exhibit shocks and rarefaction waves similar to the traditional Buckley–Leverett theory. However, contrary to the traditional theory, the generalized theory permits simultaneous drainage and imbibition processes. Displacement processes involving flow reversal are equally allowed. Shock fronts and rarefaction waves in both directions in the percolating and the nonpercolating fluids are found, which can be compared directly to experiment.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · New Journal of Physics
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    R Hilfer · Th Zauner
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    ABSTRACT: Multiscale simulation of transport in disordered and porous media requires microstructures covering several decades in length scale. X-ray and synchrotron computed tomography are presently unable to resolve more than one decade of geometric detail. Recent advances in pore scale modeling [Biswal, Held, Khanna, Wang, and Hilfer, Phys. Rev. E 80, 041301 (2009)] provide strongly correlated microstructures with several decades in microstructural detail. A carefully calibrated microstructure model for Fontainebleau sandstone has been discretized into a suite of three-dimensional microstructures with resolutions from roughly 128 μm down to roughly 500 nm. At the highest resolution the three-dimensional image consists of 32768^{3}=35184372088832 discrete cubic volume elements with gray values between 0 and 216. To the best of our knowledge, this synthetic image is the largest computed tomogram of a porous medium available at present.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Physical Review E
  • R. Hilfer
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    ABSTRACT: Time flow in dynamical systems is reconsidered in the ultralong time limit. The ultralong time limit is a limit in which a discretized time flow is iterated infinitely often and the discretization time step is infinite. The new limit is used to study induced flows in ergodic theory, in particular for subsets of measure zero. Induced flows on subsets of measure zero require an infinite renormalization of time in the ultralong time limit. It is found that induced flows are given generically by stable convolution semigroups and not by the conventional translation groups. This could give new insight into the origin of macroscopic irreversibility. Moreover, the induced semigroups are generated by fractional time derivatives of orders less than unity, and not by a first order time derivative. Invariance under the induced semiflows therefore leads to a new form of stationarity, called fractional stationarity. Fractionally stationary states are dissipative. Fractional stationarity also provides the dynamical foundation for a previously proposed generalized equilibrium concept.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Fractals
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    ABSTRACT: A continuum-based pore-scale representation of a dolomite reservoir rock is presented, containing several orders of magnitude in pore sizes within a single rock model. The macroscale rock fabric from a low-resolution x-ray microtomogram was combined with microscale information gathered from high-resolution two-dimensional electron microscope images. The low-resolution x-ray microtomogram was segmented into six separate rock phases in terms of mineralogy, matrix appearances, and open- versus crystal-filled molds. These large-scale rock phases were decorated (modeled) with geometric objects, such as different dolomite crystal types and anhydrite, according to the high-resolution information gathered from the electron microscope images. This procedure resulted in an approximate three-dimensional representation of the diagenetically transformed rock sample with respect to dolomite crystal sizes, porosity, appearance, and volume of different matrix phases and pore/matrix/cement ratio. The resulting rock model contains a pore-size distribution ranging from moldic macropores (several hundred micrometers in diameter) down to mudstone micropores (<1 mu m in diameter). This allows us to study the effect and contribution of different pore classes to the petrophysical properties of the rock. Higher resolution x-ray tomographs of the same rock were used as control volumes for the pore-size distribution of the model. The pore-size analysis and percolation tests performed in three dimensions at various discretization resolutions indicate pore-throat radii of 1.5 to 6 mu m for the largest interconnected pore network. This also highlights the challenge to determine appropriate resolutions for x-ray imaging when the exact rock microstructure is not known.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · AAPG Bulletin
  • B. D. Hansen · E. Haslund · R. Hilfer · B. NØst
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    ABSTRACT: A recent study [1] of the dielectric frequency response of a two component composite performed on a single specimen shows that local porosity theory LPT [2] represents a substantial improvement compared with other theories predicting the complex dielectric dispersion [3,4,5]. The purpose of the present work is to extend this investigation to a systematic study on several specimens with different compositions.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · MRS Online Proceeding Library

Publication Stats

3k Citations
198.58 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996-2015
    • Universität Stuttgart
      • • Institute for Computational Physics
      • • Institute of Physics
      Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1992-2011
    • Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
      • Institute of Physics
      Mayence, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
  • 1991-2007
    • University of Oslo
      • Department of Physics
      Kristiania (historical), Oslo County, Norway
  • 1994-1995
    • Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati di Trieste
      Trst, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
  • 1988-1991
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      Los Angeles, California, United States