Wenbin Li

Shandong University, Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China

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Publications (5)8.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Primary glomerular diseases (PGD) remain the most common renal disease in China. A limited number of single center studies show that the frequency of membranous nephropathy (MN) has increased; however, IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is still the most common PGD. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no multi-centre study in China that has explored the changes in PGD spectrum. To further investigate the changes in renal histopathological spectrum, we performed the cross-sectional study. Method: From June 2010 to May 2015, 5935 patients from 37 hospitals in Shandong Province were involved in this retrospective study. The study was divided into 5 periods according to 1-year intervals. The patients were divided into 4 age groups (≤18 years, 19-44 years, 45-59 years and ≥60 years). Result: Among the 5935 qualified specimens, 4855 (81.8%) were diagnosed with PGD. MN (43.3%) became the most common PGD instead of IgA (34.1%) (P<0.001). The frequency of MN was increased from 30.7% in period 1 to 53.5% in period 5 (P<0.001). The prevalence of MN tended to increase in every age section. IgA was the main cause of PGD in periods 1 and 2; however, its proportion decreased significantly from 41.8% in period 2 to 25.2% in period 5 (p<0.001). Conclusion: PGD remains the most common renal disease in our study. For the first time, this cross-sectional study suggests that MN, in place of IgAN, has grown to be the first leading pathological type of PGD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Nephrology

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the presence of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) in kidney tissues, its direct effect on diabetic nephropathy remains unclear. The transforming growth factor-β(1) (TGF-β(1)) and the connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) both induce extracellular matrix accumulation and persistent fibrosis in the glomerular mesangium of patients with diabetic nephropathy. Herein, we demonstrate that a GLP-1R agonist, exendin-4, exerts renoprotective effects through its influence on TGF-β(1) and CTGF in human mesangial cells (HMCs), cultured in a high glucose medium. HMCs, cultured in a high glucose medium, were used for the current study. The direct effect of exendin-4 on TGF-β(1) and CTGF expression was confirmed in HMCs. MDL-12330A (a specific adenylate cyclase inhibitor) and PKI14-22 (a protein kinase A inhibitor) were used to examine the role of the cAMP signaling pathway in exendin's anti-fibrosis action. The findings showed that exendin-4 inhibited the proliferation of HMCs, and upregulated the expression of TGF-β(1) and CTGF, induced by high glucose. The effect of exendin-4 is largely dependent on the activation of adenylate cyclase. This study provides new evidence that GLP-1 acts as an antifibrotic agent in HMCs.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperphosphataemia is almost inevitable in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In this study we examined whether oral activated charcoal (oAC) reduces serum phosphate level in haemodialysis patients. This was an open-label, prospective, uncontrolled study. One hundred and thirty-five haemodialysis patients were included in this study, with cessation of treatment with any phosphate binders during a 2 week washout period. Patients with serum phosphate levels greater than 5.5 mg/dL during the washout period were included for treatment with oAC. oAC was started at a dose of 600 mg three times per day with meals and was administered for 24 weeks. oAC dose was titrated up during the 24 week period to achieve phosphate control (3.5-5.5 mg/dL). A second 2 week washout period followed the end of oAC treatment. In the 114 patients who successfully completed the trial, the mean dose of activated charcoal was 3190 ± 806 mg/day. oAC reduced mean phosphate levels to below 5.5 mg/dL, with mean decreases of 2.60 ± 0.11 mg/dL (P < 0.01) and 103 (90.4%) of the patients reached the phosphate target. After the second washout period the phosphate levels increased to 7.50 ± 1.03 mg/dL (P < 0.01). Serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels declined from 338.75 ± 147.77 pg/mL to 276.51 ± 127.82 pg/mL (P < 0.05) during the study. oAC had no influence on serum prealbumin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, serum ferritin, haemoglobin or platelet levels and the levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were stable during the study. In this open-label uncontrolled study, oAC effectively controls hyperphosphataemia and hyperparathyroidism in haemodialysis patients. The safety and efficacy of oAC needs to be assessed in a randomized controlled trial.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Moderate to severe renal insufficiency and albuminuria have been shown to be independent risk factors for atherosclerosis. However, little is known about the direct association between subclinical atherosclerosis evaluated by carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and microalbuminuria in elderly patients with normal renal function. Subjects were 272 elderly patients (age  ≥ 60 years) with normoalbuminuria (n = 238) and microalbuminuria (n = 34). Carotid IMT was measured by means of high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 was defined as normal renal function. Those who had macroalbuminuria and atherosclerotic vascular disease were not included. Compared to subjects with normoalbuminuria, subjects with microalbuminuria had higher mean carotid IMT (1.02 ± 0.38 vs. 0.85 ± 0.28 mm; P < 0.01) and maximal IMT (1.86 ± 0.86 vs. 1.60 ± 0.73 mm; P = 0.06). By a multiple linear regression, microalbuminuria positively correlated with mean carotid IMT after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors including age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, total cholesterol, pulse pressure, waist circumference, serum uric acid. As a categorical outcome, the prevalence of the highest mean cariotid IMT quartile (increased IMT ≥ 1.05 mm) was compared with the lower three quartiles. After adjusted for potential confounders, microalbuminuria was associated with increased carotid IMT, with an odds ratio of 2.95 [95 % confidence interval, 1.22 - 7.10]. eGFR was not significantly associated with mean carotid IMT in our analysis. A slight elevation of albuminuria is a significant determinant of carotid IMT independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors in our patients. Our study further confirms the importance of intensive examinations for the early detection of atherosclerosis when microalbuminuria is found in elderly patients, although with normal renal function.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2012 · BMC Nephrology