Yixing Cheng

Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey, United States

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Publications (5)23.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Injectable hydrogels have attracted a great deal of attention as cell carriers and bioactive agents in regenerative medicine due to their ability to fill complex three-dimensional (3D) tissue gaps and relative ease of in vivo administration. Polysaccharide based hydrogels can provide microenvironments that favor tissue regeneration and biocompatibility due to their chemical similarities with native extra cellular matrix components.This manuscript reports the in vitro application of an injectable chitosan-based polysaccharide hydrogel for cell and protein delivery. Crosslinked hydrogels were produced by there action between the aminofunctionality of chitosan and the aldehyde of dextran aldehyde resulting in an imine bond (Schiff’sbase) formation in aqueous solutions.This approach eliminated the use of additional crosslinking agents which may pose undesired side effects regarding cytotoxicity and bio-compatibility. Additionally, we demonstrate versatility of the gelinterms of its fabrication, and ability to alter mechanical properties by changing the crosslinking extent due to aldehyde content. Bovine serum albumin (BSA), used as a model protein, followed a steadyreleasepatternfromthegel.BSAreleasewasdependentontheextentofhydrogelcrosslinking.Increaseincrosslinkingextent resultedinimprovedmechanicalpropertiesandsustainedreleaseofBSA.Humanfetalosteoblastsencapsulatedintothehydrogel showedatleast70%viabilityandcontinuedtoproliferateunder invitro culture.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
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    ABSTRACT: Scaffold architecture, surface topography, biochemical and mechanical cues have been shown to significantly improve cellular events and in vivo tissue regeneration. Specifically electrospun nanofiber matrices have gained tremendous interest due to their intrinsic structural resemblance to native tissue extracellular matrix (ECM). The present study reports on the electrospun nanofiber matrices of polycaprolactone (PCL)-chitosan (CS) blends and effect of type I collagen surface functionalization in regulating rat bone marrow derived stromal cells (rBMSCs) differentiation into osteogenic lineage. Collagen was covalently attached to blend nanofibers via carbodiimide (EDC) coupling. Bead-free smooth nanofibers (diameter-700-850 nm) obtained at the optimized conditions of polymer concentration and electrospinning parameters were used for the study. EDC collagen coupling resulted in 0.120+/-0.016 micro g of collagen immobilization onto a 1 cm2 area of the PCL/CS nanofibers, which was 2.6-folds higher than the amount of collagen that can be retained by physical adsorption. Significantly improved rBMSCs adhesion, spreading, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation was observed on the collagen functionalized COL-PCULCS nanofiber matrices as compared to control groups. Osteogenic phenotypic markers such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralization were found to be significantly higher on COL-PCL/CS nanofiber matrices as compared to controls. Elevated gene expression profiles of osteogenic markers such as osteocalcin (0CN), osteopontin (OPN) and ALP further corroborate the osteoinductive nature of the collagen functionalized PCL/CS nanofiber matrices. These fiber matrices and modification techniques could be extended to other scaffold systems for tissue engineering applications.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the core substituent structure on the micellar behavior of thermoresponsive amphiphilic poly(ε-caprolactone) diblock copolymer micelles was investigated through a combination of experimental and computational methods. The polycaprolactone (PCL) amphiphilic block copolymers used in this study consisted of a hydrophilic poly{γ-2-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethoxy-ε-caprolactone} block, which also endowed the polymer with thermoresponsiveness, and various hydrophobic poly(γ-alkoxy-ε-caprolactone) blocks. Five different substituents have been attached to the γ-position of the ε-caprolactone of the hydrophobic block, namely octyloxy, ethylhexyloxy, ethoxy, benzyloxy, and cyclohexylmethoxy, which self-assembled in aqueous media to generate the core of the micelles. All five synthesized diblock copolymers formed micelles in water and displayed thermoresponsive behavior with lower critical solution temperature (LCST) in the range of 36–39 °C. The impact of different substituents on the micelle properties such as size, stability, and phase transition behavior was investigated. Drug loading and release properties were also studied by employing doxorubicin (DOX) as payload. Molecular dynamics modeling was used to predict the variation of particle size, free volume, and drug loading capacity. The drug loading capacity predicted from molecular dynamics simulation was found to be comparable with the experimental data, which suggests that molecular dynamic simulations may be a useful tool to provide valuable selection criteria for the engineering of polymeric micelles with tunable size and drug loading capacity.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Macromolecules
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical addressability of viral particles has played a pivotal role in adapting these biogenic macromolecules for various applications ranging from medicine to inorganic catalysis. Cowpea mosaic virus possesses multiple features that are advantageous for the next generation of virus-based nanotechnology: consistent multimeric assemblies dictated by its genetic code, facile large scale production, and lack of observable toxicity in humans. Herein, the chemistry of the viral particles is extended with the use of Cu-free strain-promoted azide–alkyne cycloaddition reaction, or SPAAC reaction. The elimination of Cu, its cocatalyst and reducing agent, simplifies the reaction scheme to a more straightforward approach, which can be directly applied to living systems. As a proof of concept, the viral particles modified with the azadibenzylcyclooctyne functional groups are utilized to trigger and amplify a weak fluorescent signal (azidocoumarin) in live cell cultures to visualize the non-natural sugars. Future adaptations of this platform may be developed to enhance biosensing applications.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Molecular Pharmaceutics
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    ABSTRACT: A thermo-responsive poly{γ-2-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethoxy-ε-caprolactone}-b-poly(γ-octyloxy-ε-caprolactone) (PMEEECL-b-POCTCL) diblock copolymer was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization using tin octanoate (Sn(Oct)(2)) catalyst and a fluorescent dansyl initiator. The PMEEECL-b-POCTCL had a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of 38 °C, and it was employed to prepare thermally responsive micelles. Nile Red and Doxorubicin (DOX) were loaded into the micelles, and the micellar stability and drug carrying ability were investigated. The size and the morphology of the cargo-loaded micelles were determined by DLS, AFM, and TEM. The Nile-Red-loaded polymeric micelles were found to be stable in the presence of both fetal bovine serum and bovine serum albumin over a 72 h period and displayed thermo-responsive in vitro drug release. The blank micelles showed a low cytotoxicity. As comparison, the micelles loaded with DOX showed a much higher in vitro cytotoxicity against MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line when the incubation temperature was elevated above the LCST. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to study the cellular uptake and showed that the DOX-loaded micelles were internalized into the cells via an endocytosis pathway.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Biomacromolecules

Publication Stats

76 Citations
23.04 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Stevens Institute of Technology
      • Department of Chemistry, Chemical Biology & Biomedical Engineering
      Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
  • 2012-2013
    • University of South Carolina
      • Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
      Columbia, South Carolina, United States