[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
This review evaluated the effects of activity monitor-based counseling on physical activity (PA) and generic and disease-specific health-related outcomes in adults with diabetes mellitus type II (DMII), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or chronic heart failure (CHF).
Four electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials using activity monitor-based counseling versus control intervention or usual care in adults with DMII, COPD, or CHF. Pooled effect sizes were calculated using a random effects model.
Twenty-four articles were included: 21 DMII studies and 3 COPD studies. No CHF studies were identified. Pooled analysis showed that activity monitor-based counseling resulted in a significantly greater improvement in PA compared to control intervention or usual care in DMII. Furthermore, these interventions had a beneficial effect on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), systolic blood pressure, and body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05), whereas no differences were found on diastolic blood pressure, and health-related quality of life. Meta-analysis of COPD studies was not possible due to lack of available data.
Activity monitor-based counseling had a beneficial effect on PA, HbA1c, systolic blood pressure, and BMI in patients with DMII. Data in patients with COPD and CHF are limited or non-existing, respectively.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Annals of Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Digital media can be integrated in tele-monitoring solutions, serving as the main interface between the patient and the caregiver. Consequently, the selection of the most appropriate digital medium for the specified target group is critical to ensure compliance with the tele-monitoring system.
Objectives: This pilot study aims to gather insights from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the ease-of-use, efficacy, effectiveness, and satisfaction of different types of digital media.
Methods: Five off-the-shelf digital media devices were tested on nine patients at CIRO+ in Horn, The Netherlands. Usability was evaluated by asking patients to use each device to answer questions related to their symptoms and health status. Subsequently, patients completed a paper-based device usability questionnaire, which assessed prior experience with digital media, device dimensions, device controllability, response speed, screen readability, ease-of-use, and overall satisfaction. After testing all the devices, patients ranked the devices according to their preference.
Results: We identified the netbook as the preferred type of device due to its good controllability, fast response time, and large screen size. The smartphone was the least favorite device as patients found the size of the screen to be too small, which made it difficult to interact with.
Conclusion: The pilot study has provided important insights to guide the selection of the most appropriate type of digital medium for implementation in tele-monitoring solutions for patients with COPD. As the digital medium is an important interface to the patient in tele-monitoring solutions, it is essential that patients feel motivated to interact with the digital medium on a regular basis.
No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The association between physical activity and risk of hospitalisation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not yet clear. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to fill this gap in knowledge. Eight electronic databases were searched using a selection of controlled vocabulary and keywords. The search resulted in more than 1000 initial hits, of which four met the inclusion criteria. For each identified study, relevant data were extracted and appraised. The results indicate that less physically active patients with COPD were more likely to be admitted to hospital. Consistent with a lower level of physical activity, the patients tended to have shorter walking times as well as spend fewer hours outdoors. In multivariate regression analysis, self-reported physical activity predicted hospitalisation in patients from the general population and re-hospitalisation in patients admitted for an acute exacerbation. The evidence for an association between physical activity and risk of hospitalisation for COPD is limited to a few prospective cohort studies. More research is needed to quantify the degree of physical activity associated with reduced risk of hospitalisation.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease