H. L. Feng

Inner Mongolia University, Suiyüan, Inner Mongolia, China

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Publications (33)90.18 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Fertility and Sterility
  • H. L. Feng · S. Liu · Z.-J. Chen · A. Hershlag

    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Fertility and Sterility
  • S. Liu · H. L. Feng · Z.-J. Chen · A. Hershlag

    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Fertility and Sterility
  • H. L. Feng · A. Kadam · J. Pan · H. Yang · W. Zhao · A. Hershlag

    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Fertility and Sterility
  • L M Wang · H L Feng · Y.Zh. Ma · M Cang · H J Li · Zh Yan · P Zhou · J X Wen · Shorgan Bou · D J Liu
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to assess the mRNA expression and protein location of IGF receptors and its ligands in bovine oocytes and different stages of preimplantation embryos, and then evaluate the effect of different concentrations of IGF-II when added to either the maturation or culture medium on in vitro embryo development. For the assessment of mRNA expression by RT-PCR three replicates each of 100 oocytes, and 60 embryos at each of the 2-cell, 8-cell, morula and blastocyst stages of development were used. Immunocytochemical techniques were used to study the location of IGFs and their receptors for COC, oocytes, and embryos at the same stages of development (n=25). The effect of supplementing maturation medium with IGF-II was examined using groups of 20 oocytes exposed to 0 (control), 10, 20, 50 or 100 ng IGF-II/ml medium. Each treatment was replicated five times. To study the effect of IGF-II added to culture medium, groups of 10 zygotes were cultured in the presence of 0 (control), 50, 100 or 150 ng IGF-II/ml medium and the treatments replicated four times. The results showed that IGF-I mRNA could not be detected but IGF-II, IGF-IR and IGF-IIR mRNA existed in bovine preimplantation embryos. Proteins for IGF-II, IGF-IR and IGF-IIR were detected on the cell plasma membrane of cumulus cells of COC, immature and mature oocytes, and 2-cell stage embryos. They were observed in blastomere cytoplasm of 8-cell and morula stage embryos. In blastocysts, the IGF proteins were distributed in the trophectoderm but not in the inner cell mass. Adding 20 ng/ml IGF-II to maturation medium resulted in higher rates of post-fertilization development than control at 8-cell (58.2% versus 44.5%; p<0.05) and blastocyst (37.0% versus 25.0%; p<0.05) stages of development; and the number of viable cells per blastocyst were significantly higher (126+/-6 versus 103+/-5; p<0.05). When IGF-II was added to the culture medium, no significant treatment differences were observed at 8-cell embryo stage but the development rate of zygotes cultured in the presence of 100 ng IGF-II/ml medium to blastocysts was significantly higher than that of control (30.0% versus 19.2%; p<0.05). It was concluded that supplementation of in vitro maturation or culture media with IGF-II affects the development of bovine embryos and could be used to improve in vitro embryo production.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Animal reproduction science

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Fertility and Sterility
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    H L Feng · Y B Han · A E T Sparks · J I Sandlow
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of sperm antigens that elicit immunoglobulin (Ig) production and knowledge of their roles in sperm transport and fertilization may enhance diagnosis and treatment of immunologic infertility. Sperm antigens recognized by a female patient's serum anti-sperm antibodies were characterized using an indirect immunobead-binding test, immunoblot analysis, and immunochemical labeling. The anti-sperm antibodies' effect on sperm function was evaluated by acrosome induction by calcium ionophore. Immunobeads specific for IgG were bound to the head of 79% of motile donor sperm. Immunochemical labeling of antibody-binding sites was restricted to the plasma membrane over the acrosomal crescent. No labeling was observed on the inner acrosomal membrane of acrosome-reacted sperm. The antibodies reacted with 35-, 40-, 47-, and 65-kd proteins extracted from acrosome-intact donor sperm. Sperm incubated in 1:4, 1:8, 1:16, and 1:32 dilutions of anti-sperm antibody-positive serum had similar rates of spontaneous acrosome reaction and significantly lower rates of ionophore-induced acrosome reaction compared with sperm incubated in control serum. These results suggest that sperm antigens recognized by the patient's serum anti-sperm antibodies are restricted to the acrosomal region of the plasma membrane. The antibodies may impair fertility by compromising the sperm's ability to undergo capacitation and/or acrosome reaction.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Journal of Andrology
  • P Zhou · D.J. Liu · M Cang · Y.Z. Ma · D.S. Yang · H.J. Li · L.M. Wang · S Bou · H.L. Feng
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to assess location and relative amounts of transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) and its receptor (EGFR) in ovine oocytes and preimplantation embryos by using immunohistochemical technique that was graded on a relative scale of 0-3, with 0 representing absence of staining, and 3 exhibiting prominent staining, and to evaluate the effects of TGFalpha/EGF on in vitro development of preimplantation embryos by adding different concentrations of EGF and TGFalpha to culture medium. The results showed that EGFR was abundant in cell plasma membranes in immature and mature oocytes, cumulus cells of immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC), fertilized oocytes and at different stages of embryo development. However, the relative amounts in inner cell mass (ICM) (1+) was less than that in trophectoderm (TE) cells (2+) at the blastocysts stage. The staining pattern for TGFalpha was a similar to EGFR. However, the staining for TGFalpha slightly increased in the fertilized oocytes (1-2+) as compared to immature and mature oocytes (1+). TGFalpha was mainly detected in the cytoplasm close to the membrane in both ICM and trophectoderm (TE) cells. The developmental rate of 8-cell stage embryos cultured with 5 ng/ml TGFalpha was increased as compared to other treatments (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of development of blastocysts cultured with 5 ng/ml TGFalpha, 20 ng/ml EGF, 20 ng/ml EGF+5 ng/ml TGFalpha or the control treatment (P>0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference in the number of cells in blastocyst stage as compared with different treatments (P>0.05). However, TGFalpha alone enhanced cell survival rated (P<0.01) and reduced apoptosis. We concluded that TGFalpha can improve development of ovine preimplantation embryos at the 8-cell and blastocyst stages in vitro.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Animal Reproduction Science
  • Y. Pan · A. Hershlag · G. M. Scholl · H. Yang · H. L. Feng

    No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Fertility and Sterility
  • Y. Han · C. C. Wang · H. L. Feng · C. J. Haines

    No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Fertility and Sterility
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    ABSTRACT: Expression of T-complex testis expressed 5 (Tctex5), an orthologue of protein phosphatase-1 inhibitor-3 (PPP1R11), was enhanced in mouse testis and was also expressed in epididymis and spermatozoa. There were three transcripts of Tctex5 including one brain specific and two common transcripts dominant in mouse testis. Tctex5 protein isoforms (75, 52, 32, 25, and 14.3 kDa) were identified. Isoforms of 75 and 52 kDa were spermatogenic-specific and were found in protein fraction containing nuclei, mitochondria, and flagellum accessory, and also in protein fraction containing mainly membranes. Tctex5 was localized in nuclei of pachytene spermatocytes, round spermatocytes, cytoplasm of Sertoli cells in testis; cilia, secretion bodies and nuclei of epithelial cells and interstitium smooth muscle cells in epididymis; and head and principal piece of tail in epididymal spermatozoa. The results suggested that Tctex5 might be a specific protein phosphatase-1 inhibitor in sperm; various Tctex5 transcripts and isoforms and cellular locations imply its different roles in spermatogenesis. Nuclei-type isoforms (75 and 52 kDa) might take part in nucleus remodeling during spermatogenesis whilst membrane-type isoform (52 kDa) might be responsible for dephosphorylation of proteins during capacitation. The other isoforms might play general roles for all kinds of cell types.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Molecular Reproduction and Development
  • H.L. Feng · A Hershlag · Y.B. Han · L.J. Zheng
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    ABSTRACT: Calcium plays a predominant role regulating many functional processes of spermatogenesis and fertilization. The purpose of the present study is to define the exact location of calcium as well as examine the role it plays during spermatogenesis and sperm capacitation. Testes and epididymides were obtained from adult healthy male hamsters. Spermatozoa were incubated with modified Tyrode's medium up to 4 h at 37 degrees Celsius for sperm capacitation in vitro. Samples of the testes and sperm cells were analyzed by cytochemical techniques to determine the location of calcium and Ca(2+)-ATPase and the percentage of acrosome reactions under light and electron microscopy. The data showed that (1) Sertoli cells exhibited numerous calcium precipitates as large, round, electron-dense bodies distributed throughout the cytoplasm and the mitochondrial matrix. Fine calcium precipitates existed in fewer numbers in the intracellular storage sites of spermatogonia and primary spermatocytes, in sharp distinction to secondary spermatocyte and spermatids, which showed an abundance of large and round calcium precipitates, especially in the mitochondrial matrix of spermatids. More calcium deposits were distributed in the plasma membrane (PM), acrosome membrane, and matrices of the acrosome and mitochondria following capacitation; (2) Ca(2+)-ATPase was found in the endoplasmic reticulum system and PM of noncapacitated spermatozoa as well as Sertoli cells. Capacitated spermatozoa showed a weak signal. These results suggest that the presence of calcium in spermatogenic cells might play a role in cell growth and differentiation during spermatogenesis. The Ca(2+)-ATPase function may be inhibited during capacitation, leading to an increase in acrosomal calcium level and triggering of acrosomal exocytosis.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Microscopy Research and Technique
  • H L Feng · YB Han · A Hershlag · H Yang
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    ABSTRACT: The field of reproductive and developmental biology has been revolutionized by recent advanced studies. These studies indicate that stem cells are capable of forming gametes in vivo and in vitro in both mouse and human. This has provided powerful tools for undertaking new types of reproductive studies, and particularly might provide new technology and novel approaches in assisted reproductive medicine.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Archives of Andrology
  • H. L Feng · J. I Sandlow · A. E. T Sparks · M Eddy

    No preview · Article · Sep 2000 · Fertility and Sterility
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    ABSTRACT: Development of an effective and modern contraceptive vaccine is a key factor in the global issue of regional population growth as well as agricultural, medical, economic and social development. A review was done of the current medical literature concerning development of an immunocontraceptive vaccine and relative molecular biology technology. Various approaches have been taken to identify candidate-specific antigens for immunocontraceptive development, such as sperm, zona pellucida and hormonal antigens. Suppressed fertility and the reversibility of these effects on mammalian species, including humans, have been demonstrated. The successful results obtained so far support the continued investigation for an effective immunocontraceptive vaccine.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1999 · The Journal of reproductive medicine
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the expression of the c-kit receptor and its ligand, stem cell factor, and their possible relation with apoptosis in infertile men. Prospective laboratory study. Urology laboratory in a university hospital. Men undergoing testicular biopsy during an investigation of subfertility. None. Expression of the c-kit receptor protein, stem cell factor, and apoptosis in the testes. The c-kit receptor was strongly present in Leydig cells and type A spermatogonia of normal testes, with decreased staining in Leydig cells and type A spermatogonia of testes with maturational arrest, and staining in only Leydig cells of Sertoli cell-only specimens. Stem cell factor was demonstrated in Leydig cells and Sertoli cells in all specimens. Western blotting demonstrated the 150-kd c-kit protein in the normal testes and the testes with maturational arrest, but not in the testes with the Sertoli cell-only pattern. Stem cell factor was expressed in all specimens, with a protein size of 45 kd. Increased apoptosis was demonstrated in type A spermatogonia and spermatocytes of tissue with maturational arrest compared with normal testicular tissue. C-kit receptor expression is decreased in subfertile testicular tissue compared with normal testicular tissue. Stem cell factor expression is present in Leydig cells and Sertoli cells. Increased apoptosis is seen in tissue with maturational arrest compared with normal tissue.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Fertility and Sterility

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1998 · Theriogenology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1998 · Theriogenology
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    HL Feng · J I Sandlow · A Sandra
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    ABSTRACT: The presence and role of the c-kit protein were examined in mature sperm of the mouse. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the c-kit protein were used to perform immunohistochemical staining, electron microscopy studies, and Western blot analysis. The acrosomal region of both fixed and unfixed noncapacitated sperm stained with the antibodies. No acrosomal staining was noted in acrosome-reacted (AR) sperm. Electron microscopy studies demonstrated immunogold label on the plasma membrane of the acrosome and confirmed the lack of binding following the acrosome reaction. Proteins corresponding to 33 kDa, 48 kDa, and 150 kDa were detected by the antibodies utilizing Western blot analysis. The 48-kDa and 150-kDa proteins were released into the media during sperm capacitation, and release from the acrosome was dependent upon the acrosome reaction. The mAbs significantly inhibited the acrosome reaction and increased sperm agglutination. Monoclonal antibody ACK1 significantly inhibited the motility of the sperm, whereas mAbs ACK2 and NCL-ckit did not. These results suggest that c-kit-related proteins are present in mature sperm and may play a role in capacitation and/or the acrosome reaction.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 1997 · Biology of Reproduction
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the localization and expression of the c-kit receptor protein in the testes of the mouse, rat, and human, and then compare these among the three species. Testis tissue from all three species was obtained through biopsy or orchiectomy. Immunohistochemistry was used for the localization, using a monoclonal antibody to the c-kit receptor. The expression of the c-kit receptor protein was examined in the testes and sperm with Western blot analysis. Localization was noted in the early spermatogenic cells, most likely type A spermatogonia, as well as in the acrosomal region of more mature germ cells, such as the round spermatids. The c-kit receptor was localized in analogous sites in all three species. The Western blot data revealed testicular expression of the c-kit receptor protein in all three species as well. Similar bands were recognized on the Western blots of all three species in testes at approximately 75 kDa and approximately 90 kDa, and sperm at approximately 90 kDa only. The c-kit receptor protein is expressed in the early spermatogenic cells, as well as the later stages of spermatogenesis, specifically, the acrosomal granules of the round spermatids, and the acrosomal region of testicular spermatozoa, in the mouse, rat, and human. All three species exhibit similar expression of the c-kit receptor protein in both testis and sperm, although to a varying degree. We believe that these observations allow direct valid comparisons concerning the expression of the c-kit receptor to be made cautiously to the human condition from experimental data obtained from rodents.
    No preview · Article · Apr 1997 · Urology

Publication Stats

338 Citations
90.18 Total Impact Points


  • 2008
    • Inner Mongolia University
      Suiyüan, Inner Mongolia, China
  • 2007
    • The Chinese University of Hong Kong
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • 1996-2000
    • University of Iowa
      • Department of Urology
      Iowa City, Iowa, United States
  • 1994
    • Changchun University of Science and Technology
      Changchun, Fujian, China