[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To develop a clear diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for adolescents presenting with abdominal pain and vaginal tumor caused by congenital female genital anomalies, such as blind hemivagina and uterine anomalies, as the lack of the correct diagnosis of the underlying anatomical genitourinary malformation frequently leads to destructive surgical procedures.
Retrospective study, study group: patients with double/bicornuate uterus, blind hemivagina and hematocolpos (n = 13), controls: patients with uterine malformation and complete vertical vaginal septum (n = 11), analysis for: menarche, age at onset of symptoms, type of malformation, symptoms leading to admission and diagnostic/surgical techniques applied.
Median age at diagnosis study group 19.85 (SD ± 6.23, range 13-23 years) versus controls 26.09 years (SD ± 7.44, 16-36 years); predominance of imperforated hemivagina: 69.2 % right-sided versus 30.8 % left-sided septum; renal agenesis ipsilateral to imperforate hemivagina 100 % study group versus 9.1 % controls; 84.6 % previous surgical interventions in the study group, such as partial removal of the septum and re-obliteration, unilateral salpingo-ovarectomy and vaginal drainage of pyometra. We used a single transvaginal surgical procedure, including removal of the obstructed vaginal septum and marsupialization of the blind hemivagina.
A diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for young women presenting with progressive dysmenorrhea and abdominal pain and/or vaginal tumor reduces destructive interventions.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Archives of Gynecology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has become evident that laparoscopic myomectomy is limited by size, number and location of fibroids. Myomectomy performed by laparotomy can be technically challenging and the surgical benefits have to be weighed against associated risks and impairing fertile potential, especially in multiple and large fibroids that may be positioned close to the cavity. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of microsurgical myomectomy technique on perioperative morbidity in premenopausal women.
This retrospective study included 228 patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids and/or infertility undergoing myomectomy by laparotomy. As much as 156 patients were treated by standardized microsurgical technique and 72 patients by conventional myomectomy. The following data were recorded and analysed: postoperative haemoglobin, haemoglobin decrease, rate of blood transfusion, and number, size and location of myomas.
In 228 patients, seven complications occurred (abdominal wall haematoma, bowel and colon injury, transient ileus). The transfusion rate was 1.3%. Microsurgical technique was associated with a smaller haemoglobin decrease compared to conventional myomectomy (1.77 vs. 2.38 g/dl; P = 0.007). Microsurgical technique correlated inversely with haemoglobin decrease (P < 0.001). Haemoglobin decrease correlated positively with myoma number (P < 0.001), size of myoma (P < 0.001) and the opening of the cavum uteri (P = 0.014).
In this large series of abdominal myomectomies, procedure-related morbidity, mainly perioperative blood loss, was amongst the lowest reported when microsurgical techniques were used. In patients with multiple, large or deep intramural fibroids who desire future pregnancies, the use of microsurgical techniques may decrease intraoperative blood loss and perioperative morbidity.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Archives of Gynecology