Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz

Hôpital Louis Pradel, Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France

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Publications (30)164.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To assess 5-year evolutions in reperfusion strategies and early mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Methods and results: Using data from the French RESCUe network, we studied patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated in mobile intensive care units between 2009 and 2013. Among 2418 patients (median age 62 years; 78.5% male), 2119 (87.6%) underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention and 299 (12.4%) pre-hospital thrombolysis (94.0% of whom went on to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention). Use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention increased from 78.4% in 2009 to 95.9% in 2013 (Ptrend<0.001). Median delays included: first medical contact to percutaneous coronary intervention centre 48 minutes; first medical contact to balloon inflation 94 minutes; and percutaneous coronary intervention centre to balloon inflation 43 minutes. Times from symptom onset to first medical contact and first medical contact to thrombolysis remained stable during 2009-2013, but times from symptom onset to first balloon inflation, and first medical contact to percutaneous coronary intervention centre to first balloon inflation decreased (P<0.001). Among patients with known timings, 2146 (89.2%) had a first medical contact to percutaneous coronary intervention centre delay ⩽90 minutes, while 260 (10.8%) had a longer delay, with no significant variation over time. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention use increased over time in both delay groups, but was consistently higher in the ⩽90 versus >90 minutes delay group (83.0% in 2009 to 97.7% in 2013; Ptrend<0.001 versus 34.1% in 2009 to 79.2% in 2013; Ptrend<0.001). In-hospital (4-6%) and 30-day (6-8%) mortalities remained stable from 2009 to 2013. Conclusion: In the RESCUe network, the use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention increased from 2009 to 2013, in line with guidelines, but there was no evolution in early mortality.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The use of opioids is recommended for pain relief in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) but may delay antiplatelet agent absorption, potentially leading to decreased treatment efficacy. Methods and results: In-hospital complications (death, non-fatal re-MI, stroke, stent thrombosis, and bleeding) and 1-year survival according to pre-hospital morphine use were assessed in 2438 ST-elevation MI (STEMI) patients from the French Registry of Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) 2010. The analyses were replicated in the 1726 STEMI patients of the FAST-MI 2005 cohort, in which polymorphisms of CYP2C19 and ABCB1 had been assessed. Specific subgroup analyses taking into account these genetic polymorphisms were performed in patients pre-treated with thienopyridines. The 453 patients (19%) receiving morphine pre-hospital were younger, more often male, with a lower GRACE score and higher chest pain levels. After adjustment for baseline differences, in-hospital complications and 1-year survival (hazard ratio = 0.69; 95% confidence interval: 0.35-1.37) were not increased according to pre-hospital morphine use. After propensity score matching, 1-year survival according to pre-hospital morphine was also similar. Consistent results were found in the replication cohort, including in those receiving pre-hospital thienopyridines and whatever the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C19 and ABCB1. Conclusion: In two independent everyday-life cohorts, pre-hospital morphine use in STEMI patients was not associated with worse in-hospital complications and 1-year mortality. Clinical trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00673036 (FAST-MI 2005); NCT01237418 (FAST-MI 2010).
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Early infarct-related artery (IRA) patency is associated with better clinical outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Using the French Registry of ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) 2010 registry, we investigated factors related to IRA patency (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction [TIMI] 2/3 flow) at the start of procedure in patients admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. FAST-MI 2010 is a nationwide French registry including 4,169 patients with acute MI. Of 1,452 patients with STEMI with primary percutaneous coronary intervention, 466 (32%) had TIMI 2/3 flow of IRA before the procedure. Mean age (62 ± 14 years in both groups), Global Registry of Acute Coronary Event score (141 ± 31 vs 142 ± 34), and time from onset to angiography (472 ± 499 vs 451 ± 479 minutes) did not differ according to IRA patency (TIMI 2/3 vs TIMI 0/1). Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, IRA patency was more frequently found in patients having called earlier (time from onset to electrocardiogram [ECG] <120 minutes; odds ratio [OR] 1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17 to 1.89), or receiving rapid-onset of action (prasugrel or glycoprotein IIb-IIIa) antiplatelet therapy in the prehospital setting (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.21). Increasing time from diagnostic ECG to angiography was also associated with IRA patency (>90 minutes; OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.75). In conclusion, preprocedural IRA patency is observed in one third of patients with STEMI, it is more frequently found in patients having received fast-acting antiplatelet therapy before angiography, and in patients having called early. Higher IRA patency with increasing time delays from qualifying ECG to angiography suggests an additional role of spontaneous or medication-mediated fibrinolysis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The American journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that cyclosporine may attenuate reperfusion injury and reduce myocardial infarct size. We aimed to test whether cyclosporine would improve clinical outcomes and prevent adverse left ventricular remodeling. Methods: In a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial, we assigned 970 patients with an acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 12 hours after symptom onset and who had complete occlusion of the culprit coronary artery to receive a bolus injection of cyclosporine (administered intravenously at a dose of 2.5 mg per kilogram of body weight) or matching placebo before coronary recanalization. The primary outcome was a composite of death from any cause, worsening of heart failure during the initial hospitalization, rehospitalization for heart failure, or adverse left ventricular remodeling at 1 year. Adverse left ventricular remodeling was defined as an increase of 15% or more in the left ventricular end-diastolic volume. Results: A total of 395 patients in the cyclosporine group and 396 in the placebo group received the assigned study drug and had data that could be evaluated for the primary outcome at 1 year. The rate of the primary outcome was 59.0% in the cyclosporine group and 58.1% in the control group (odds ratio, 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.78 to 1.39; P=0.77). Cyclosporine did not reduce the incidence of the separate clinical components of the primary outcome or other events, including recurrent infarction, unstable angina, and stroke. No significant difference in the safety profile was observed between the two treatment groups. Conclusions: In patients with anterior STEMI who had been referred for primary PCI, intravenous cyclosporine did not result in better clinical outcomes than those with placebo and did not prevent adverse left ventricular remodeling at 1 year. (Funded by the French Ministry of Health and NeuroVive Pharmaceutical; CIRCUS ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01502774; EudraCT number, 2009-013713-99.).
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · New England Journal of Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of initial-thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (i-TIMI) coronary flow in the culprit coronary artery on myocardial infarct and microvascular obstruction (MVO) size is unclear. We assessed the impact on infarct size of i-TIMI flow in the culprit coronary artery, as well as on MVO incidence and size, by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (ce-CMR). In a prospective, multicenter study, pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) coronary occlusion was defined by an i-TIMI flow ≤1, and patency was defined by an i-TIMI flow ≥2. Infarct size, as well as MVO presence and size, were measured on ce-CMR 72h after admission. A total of 140 patients presenting with ST-elevated myocardial infarction referred for primary PCI were included. There was no significant difference in final post-PCI TIMI flow between the groups (2.95±0.02 vs. 2.97±0.02, respectively; p=0.44). In the i-TIMI flow ≤1 group, infarct size was significantly larger (32±17g vs. 21±17g, respectively; p=0.002), MVO was significantly more frequent (74% vs. 53%, respectively; p=0.012), and MVO size was significantly larger [1.3 IQR (0; 7.1) vs. 0 IQR (0; 1.6)], compared to in the i-TIMI ≥2 patient group. Initial angiographic TIMI flow in the culprit coronary artery prior to any PCI predicted final infarct size and MVO size: the better was the i-TIMI flow, the smaller were the infarct and MVO size. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Both acute myocardial ischemia and reperfusion contribute to cardiomyocyte death in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The final infarct size is the principal determinant of subsequent clinical outcome in STEMI patients. In a proof-of-concept phase II trial, the administration of cyclosporine prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) has been associated with a reduction of infarct size in STEMI patients. CIRCUS is an international, prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. The study is designed to compare the efficacy and safety of cyclosporine versus placebo, in addition to revascularization by PPCI, in patients presenting with acute anterior myocardial infarction within 12 hours of symptoms onset and initial TIMI flow ≤1 in the culprit left anterior descending coronary artery. Patients are randomized in a 1:1 fashion to 2.5 mg/kg intravenous infusion of cyclosporine or matching placebo performed in the minutes preceding PCI. The primary efficacy end point of CIRCUS is a composite of 1-year all-cause mortality, rehospitalization for heart failure or heart failure worsening during initial hospitalization, and left ventricular adverse remodeling as determined by sequential transthoracic echochardiography. Secondary outcomes will be tested using a hierarchical sequence of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and absolute measurements of LV volumes. The composite of death and rehospitalization for heart failure or heart failure worsening during initial hospitalization will be further assessed at three years after the initial infarction. Recruitment lasted from April 2011 to February 2014. The CIRCUS trial has recruited 975 patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction. The 12-months results are expected to be available in 2015. The CIRCUS trial is testing the hypothesis that cyclosporine in addition to early revascularization with PPCI compared to placebo in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction reduces the incidence of death, heart failure and adverse LV remodeling at one-year follow-up. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · American heart journal
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    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate bioimpedance vector analysis (BIVA) for the diagnosis of acute heart failure (AHF) in patients presenting with acute dyspnea to the emergency department (ED). Patients with acute dyspnea presenting to the ED were prospectively enrolled. Four parameters were assessed: resistance (R), reactance (Ra), total body water (TBW), and extracellular body water (EBW). Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measures and cardiac ultrasound studies were performed in all patients at admission. Patients were classified into AHF and non-AHF groups retrospectively by expert cardiologists. Seventy-seven patients (39 men; age, 68±14years; weight, 79.8±20.6 kg) were included. Of the 4 BIVA parameters, Ra was significantly lower in the AHF compared to non-AHF group (32.7±14.3 vs 45.4±19.7; P<.001). Brain natriuretic peptide levels were significantly higher in the AHF group (1050.3±989 vs 148.7±181.1ng/L; P<.001). Reactance levels were significantly correlated to BNP levels (r=-0.5; P<.001). Patients with different mitral valve Doppler profiles (E/e'≤8, E/e' ≥9 and <15, and E/e'≥15) had significant differences in Ra values (47.9±19.9, 34.7±19.4, and 31.2±11.7, respectively; P=.003). Overall, the sensitivity of BIVA for AHF diagnosis with a Ra cutoff at 39Ω was 67% with a specificity of 76% and an area under the curve at 0.76. However, Ra did not significantly improve the area under the curve of BNP for the diagnosis of AHF (P=not significant). In a population of patients presenting to the ED with dyspnea, BIVA was significantly related to the AHF status but did not improve the diagnostic performance for AHF in addition to BNP alone. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · American Journal of Emergency Medicine

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements
  • Romain Vitoux · Didier Bresson · Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz

    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac troponin (cTn) assays have quickly gained in analytical sensitivity to become what are termed 'high-sensitivity cardiac troponin' (hs-cTn) assays, bringing a flurry of dense yet incomplete literature data. The net result is that cTn assays are not yet standardized and there are still no consensus-built data on how to use and interpret cTn assay results. To address these issues, the authors take cues and clues from multiple disciplines to bring responses to frequently asked questions. In brief, the effective use of hs-cTn hinges on knowing: specific assay characteristics, particularly precision at the 99th percentile of a reference population; factors of variation at the 99th percentile value; and the high-individuality of hs-cTn assays, for which the notion of individual kinetics is more informative than straight reference to 'normal' values. The significance of patterns of change between two assay measurements has not yet been documented for every hs-cTn assay. Clinicians need to work hand-in-hand with medical biologists to better understand how to use hs-cTn assays in routine practice. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionThere are little data about patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) who survive the early phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study was to assess long-term (5-year) mortality among early survivors of AMI, according to the presence of CS at the acute stage.Methods We analyzed 5-year follow-up data from the French registry of Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) 2005 registry, a nationwide French survey including consecutive patients admitted for ST or non-ST-elevation AMI at the end of 2005 in 223 institutions.ResultsOf 3670 patients enrolled, shock occurred in 224 (6.1%), and 3411 survived beyond 30 days or hospital discharge, including 99 (2.9%) with shock. Early survivors with CS had a more severe clinical profile, more frequent concomitant in-hospital complications, and were less often managed invasively than those without CS.Five-year survival was 59% in patients with, versus 76% in those without shock (adjusted hazard ratio (HR)¿=¿1.72 [1.24-2.38], P¿=¿0.001). The excess of death associated with CS, however, was observed only during the first year (one-year survival: 77% vs 93%, adjusted HR: 2.87 [1.85 to 4.46] P <0.001), while survival from one to 5 years was similar (76% vs 82%, adjusted HR: 1.06 [0.64 to 1.74]). Propensity score-matched analyses yielded similar results.Conclusions In patients surviving the early phase of AMI, CS at the initial stage carries an increased risk of death up to one year after the acute event. Beyond one year, however, mortality is similar to that of patients without shock.ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00673036, Registered May 5, 2008.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Critical care (London, England)
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Fondaparinux is an alternative to low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with levels of recommendation that differ according to guidelines. The aim of this study was to assess outcomes in real world practice in NSTEMI patients participating in the French Registry of ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) 2010 according to the use of fondaparinux, in comparison with patients receiving enoxaparin. Methods and results: FAST-MI 2010 is a nationwide French registry that included 4,169 patients with acute myocardial infarction at the end of 2010 in 213 centres (76% of active centres in France); 1,734 had NSTEMI, with 240 receiving fondaparinux and 1,027 enoxaparin. Patients receiving enoxaparin vs. fondaparinux had essentially characteristics with a similar GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) score. Invasive strategy was used in 69% in both groups. In-hospital bleeding was similar with both anticoagulant strategies and 1-year survival was 94.6% and 91.7%, respectively. Using fully adjusted Cox multivariate analysis, the use of fondaparinux was not associated with a reduced risk of death (hazard ratio: 1.35; 95% confidence interval: 0.70-2.51). After propensity score matching (207 patients per group), 1-year survival was similar with both strategies. There was, however, an interaction between fondaparinux and unfractionated heparin, with higher survival in fondaparinux-treated patients who received UFH, compared with those who did not. Conclusions: In this French cohort of NSTEMI patients, predominantly managed invasively, there was no evidence that fondaparinux was superior to enoxaparin as regards bleeding events or 1-year mortality (FAST-MI 2010; NCT01237418).
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
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    ABSTRACT: L’évolution rapide des méthodes de dosage des troponines cardiaques (cTn) vers une meilleure sensibilité analytique (cTn de haute sensibilité ou cTn HS) s’accompagne de nombreuses données de la littérature, mais encore incomplètes. En l’absence de standardisation des cTn et de données consensuelles sur l’utilisation et l’interprétation des résultats, les auteurs de cette revue proposent, à partir d’une revue de la littérature, et de façon multidisciplinaire, des éléments de réponses aux questions fréquemment posées. En conclusion, le bon usage des cTn HS repose sur la connaissance : 1) des caractéristiques propres de la méthode utilisée, en particulier de la précision obtenue au 99e percentile d’une population de référence ; 2) des facteurs de variation de la valeur du 99e percentile ; 3) de la forte individualité des dosages de cTn HS, pour lesquels la notion de cinétique individuelle est plus informative que la simple référence à des valeurs usuelles. La significativité des variations entre deux dosages n’est pas encore documentée pour toutes les méthodes HS. La collaboration entre cliniciens et biologistes est nécessaire à une meilleure utilisation des troponines au quotidien. Abstract The recent evolution of cardiac troponin assays (cTn) for acquisition of a better analytical sensitivity (high-sensitivity cTn, or cTn HS) is widely described in the literature; however, actual data remain incomplete. Considering the absence of cTn assays standardisation and of consensual data for using and interpreting cTn results, the authors propose multidisciplinary responses to frequently asked questions. Proper use of cTn HS relies upon knowledge of 1) the assay characteristics, and mainly the observed precision at the 99th percentile value; 2) the variation factors of the 99th percentile value; and 3) the high individuality of cTn HS tests, for which the notion of kinetics is more informative than the single reference to ‘normal’ values. Significant variation between 2 measurements, is not already documented for every HS assay. A strong partnership between clinicians and biologists is needed for a better understanding and use of cTn HS in routine.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Annales Francaises de Medecine d'Urgence
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: The relationship of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) with myocardial biomarkers and markers of inflammation in acute viral myocarditis is not clearly defined. We assessed the relationship of LGE with myocardial and inflammatory biomarkers measured during the acute phase of myocarditis and their predictive value on clinical outcome. METHODS: Patients with first clinical episode of acute viral myocarditis and complete CMR study, including cine and LGE images, were included. The peak values of troponin I, creatine kinase, C-reactive protein value at admission and LGE extent were reported for each case. A 29-month clinical follow-up was performed, and cardiac symptoms and adverse cardiac events (all-cause death, heart transplant, hospitalization for heart failure) were reported. RESULTS: Forty-one patients (39 ± 15 years and 78% men) were included. Median LGE extent was 13% [interquartile range (IQR) (9%, 19%)] of left-ventricular mass and mean left-ventricular ejection fraction was 56 ± 11%. There was a significant correlation between peak troponin I and LGE extent (r = 0.51, P < 0.001), and between peak creatine kinase and LGE extent (r = 0.66, P < 0.001). There was no correlation between C-reactive protein at admission and LGE extent (r = 0.27, P = 0.09). At follow-up, eight (20%) patients had an adverse clinical event. LGE extent was significantly associated with a worse New York Heart Association status at follow-up [odds ratio (OR) 1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07, 1.37, P = 0.002]. After adjustment for left-ventricular ejection fraction, age and clinical presentation category, LGE extent remained an independent predictor of cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 1.42; 95% CI 1.05, 1.95, P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: LGE extent on CMR studies is significantly correlated to biomarkers of myocardial injury in patients with acute viral myocarditis, and is a significant independent predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcome.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To assess fractional flow reserve (FFR) variability in case of arterial hypotension in the clinical setting. FFR measurement is supposed to be independent of haemodynamics; there is, however, a strong relationship between trans-stenotic pressure variation and coronary flow. Non-clinical models suggest an inverse relationship between arterial pressure and FFR, but no clinical data have as yet confirmed this hypothesis. Methods and results: In case of arterial hypotension (mean arterial pressure [Pa] ≤80 mmHg) during routine clinical FFR measurement (FFR1), a second measurement (FFR2) was performed after pressure normalisation by 0.5 mg IV phenylephrine. Fourteen intermediate chronic stenoses (%DS 58±21%, FFR1=0.81±11) in 12 male patients showed 70±10 mmHg Pa at the time of measurement. After phenylephrine, Pa increased to 101±14 mmHg and FFR2 decreased to 0.75±12 (p<0.001) without heart rate variation. After Pa elevation, 40% of cases with FFR1 >0.80 changed to FFR2 ≤0.80. Conclusions: In the present study, in case of arterial hypotension, FFR decreased with rising pressure. Whether repeated FFR measurement after haemodynamic normalisation is of clinical benefit remains at this point speculative and should be validated in a larger data set.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
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    Nathalie Genot · Nathan Mewton · Didier Bresson · Oualid Zouaghi · Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz

    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements
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    ABSTRACT: Proof-of-concept evidence suggests that mechanical ischaemic post-conditioning (PostC) reduces infarct size when applied immediately after culprit coronary artery re-opening in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 0-1 (TIMI 0-1) flow grade at admission. Whether PostC might also be protective in patients with a TIMI 2-3 flow grade on admission (corresponding to a delayed application of the post-conditioning algorithm) remains undetermined. In this multi-centre, randomized, single-blinded, controlled study, STEMI patients with a 2-3 TIMI coronary flow grade at admission underwent direct stenting of the culprit lesion, followed (PostC group) or not (control group) by four cycles of (1 min inflation/1 min deflation) of the angioplasty balloon to trigger post-conditioning. Infarct size was assessed both by cardiac magnetic resonance at Day 5 (primary endpoint) and cardiac enzymes release (secondary endpoint). Ninety-nine patients were prospectively enrolled. Baseline characteristics were comparable between control and PostC groups. Despite comparable size of area at risk (AAR) (38 ± 12 vs. 38 ± 13% of the LV circumference, respectively, P = 0.89) and similar time from onset to intervention (249 ± 148 vs. 263 ± 209 min, respectively, P = 0.93) in the two groups, PostC did not significantly reduce cardiac magnetic resonance infarct size (23 ± 17 and 21 ± 18 g in the treated vs. control group, respectively, P = 0.64). Similar results were found when using creatine kinase and troponin I release, even after adjustment for the size of the AAR. This study shows that infarct size reduction by mechanical ischaemic PostC is lost when applied to patients with a TIMI 2-3 flow grade at admission. This indicates that the timing of the protective intervention with respect to the onset of reperfusion is a key factor for preventing lethal reperfusion injury in STEMI patients. NCT01483755.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: After acute myocardial infarction, the presence of no-reflow (or microvascular obstruction: MVO) has been associated with adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling and worse clinical outcome. This study examined the effects of mechanical ischemic postconditioning on early and late MVO size in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Fifty patients undergoing primary coronary angioplasty for a first STEMI with TIMI grade flow 0-1 and no collaterals were randomized to ischemic postconditioning (PC) (n = 25) or control (n = 25) groups. Ischemic PC consisted in the application of four consecutive cycles of a 1-min balloon occlusion, each followed by a 1-min deflation at the onset of reperfusion. Early (3 min post-contrast) and late (10 min post-contrast) MVO size were assessed by contrast-enhanced cardiac-MRI within 96 h after reperfusion. PC was associated with smaller early and late MVO size (3.9 ± 4.8 in PC versus 7.8 ± 6.6 % of LV in controls for early MVO, P = 0.02; and 1.8 ± 3.1 in PC versus 4.1 ± 3.9 % of LV in controls for late MVO; P = 0.01). This significant reduction was persistent after adjustment for thrombus aspiration, which neither had any significant effect on infarct size, nor on early or late MVO (P = NS for all). Attenuation of MVO was associated to infarct size reduction. Mechanical postconditioning significantly reduces MVO in patients with acute STEMI treated with primary angioplasty.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Archiv für Kreislaufforschung

Publication Stats

211 Citations
164.90 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • Hôpital Louis Pradel
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon
      Dijon, Bourgogne, France
  • 2012-2015
    • Hospices Civils de Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2014
    • CHU de Lyon - Hôpital Cardio-vasculaire et Pneumologique Louis Pradel
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
    • Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
      Villeurbanne, Rhône-Alpes, France