Byung Min Song

Chungnam National University, Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea

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Publications (9)15.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Outbreaks of the highly pathogenic H5N1 virus in poultry and humans are ongoing. Vaccination is an efficient method for prevention of H5N1 infection. Using chickens and ducks, we assessed the efficacy of a vaccine comprising H5N1 hemagglutinin (HA) protein produced in a baculovirus expression system. The immunized chickens and ducks were protected against lethal infection by H5N1 in an antigen dose-dependent manner. Complete protection against homologous challenge and partial protection against heterologous challenge were achieved in chickens immunized with 5 μg HA protein and in ducks immunized with 10 μg HA protein. The IgG antibody subtype was mainly detected in the sera and tissues, including the lungs. The neuraminidase (NA) inhibition assay was negative in immunized chickens and ducks. Our results indicated that the expressed HA protein by baculovirus was immunogenic to both chickens and ducks, and the immunized chickens and ducks were protected from the lethal infections of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus, though ducks required more HA protein than chickens to be protected. Also, baculovirus HA-vaccinated poultry can be differentiated from infected poultry by NA inhibition assay.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Viral Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Starting in late November 2010, the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus was isolated from many types of wild ducks and raptors and was subsequently isolated from poultry in Korea. We assessed the genetic and pathogenic properties of the HPAI viruses isolated from a fecal sample from a mandarin duck and a dead Eurasian eagle owl, the most affected wild bird species during the 2010/2011 HPAI outbreak in Korea. These viruses have similar genetic backgrounds and exhibited the highest genetic similarity with recent Eurasian clade HPAI viruses. In animal inoculation experiments, regardless of their originating hosts, the two Korean isolates produced highly pathogenic characteristics in chickens, ducks and mice without pre-adaptation. These results raise concerns about veterinary and public health. Surveillance of wild birds could provide a good early warning signal for possible HPAI infection in poultry as well as in humans.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Viruses
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Pregnant women can experience high mortality, high rates of abortion, and severe pneumonia when infected with pandemic influenza viruses. In this context, the severity of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus compared with seasonal H1N1 influenza virus is not clear. Presently, in a mouse model of pregnancy, the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus killed up to 60% of pregnant mice and caused abortion in up to 40%, whereas a circulating seasonal H1N1 influenza virus did not cause any deaths or abortions. Higher viral titers and levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines such as interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-6, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, RANTES, monocyte chemotactic protein, and KC (CXCL1), were detected in the lungs of pregnant mice infected with the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus, compared with the seasonal H1N1 influenza virus. The results of our study with pregnant mice suggest that the observed higher pathogenesis in pregnant women infected with the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus than the seasonal H1N1 influenza virus may be due to higher viral replication, elevated induction of inflammatory chemokines, and reduced progesterone.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Viral immunology
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    Won Oak Kim · Byung Min Song · Hae Keum Kil
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    ABSTRACT: To justify the use of the lidocaine/tetracaine medicated patch or peel as a preventive treatment for reducing pain and discomfort in adults and children. We reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the lidocaine/tetracaine medicated patch or peel compared with placebo. Ten RCTs (574 patients) were included in this systemic review. Relevant studies were identified through searches of MEDLINE, SCOPUS and the Cochrane database library. The outcome was the adequacy of cutaneous anesthesia reflected in the patient's assessment of pain intensity during minor dermatologic procedures and adverse effects after application of the lidocaine/tetracaine medicated patch or peel versus placebo. The efficacy of the lidocaine/tetracaine patch or peel was consistently very significantly beneficial 30 or 60 minutes after the application compared to placebo (Relative risk, RR: 2.5; Number needed to treat, NNT: 2.2). We did not identify any difference in the effectiveness of adequate analgesia between the lidocaine/tetracaine patch and peel (the number needed to treat or to harm, NNT 2.4 vs. 2.0). No serious side effects or adverse events were observed with the lidocaine/tetracaine medicated patch or peel and placebo. Minor skin reactions were transient and resolved without treatment (Odd ratio, OR: 1.4 and 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.9-2.1; NNT: 14.9). The lidocaine/tetracaine medicated patch or peel is a well accepted, effective and safe method for minor dermatologic procedures based on pooled data of trials in terms of adequacy of cutaneous anesthesia and adverse effects.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · Korean journal of anesthesiology
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    ABSTRACT: Please cite this paper as: Nang et al. (2013) Live attenuated H5N1 vaccine with H9N2 internal genes protects chickens from infections by both Highly Pathogenic H5N1 and H9N2 Influenza Viruses. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 7(2) 120–131. Background The highly pathogenic H5N1 and H9N2 influenza viruses are endemic in many countries around the world and have caused considerable economic loss to the poultry industry. Objectives We aimed to study whether a live attenuated H5N1 vaccine comprising internal genes from a cold-adapted H9N2 influenza virus could protect chickens from infection by both H5N1 and H9N2 viruses. Methods We developed a cold-adapted H9N2 vaccine virus expressing hemagglutinin and neuraminidase derived from the highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus using reverse genetics. Results and Conclusions Chickens immunized with the vaccine were protected from lethal infections with homologous and heterologous H5N1 or H9N2 influenza viruses. Specific antibody against H5N1 virus was detected up to 11 weeks after vaccination (the endpoint of this study). In vaccinated chickens, IgA and IgG antibody subtypes were induced in lung and intestinal tissue, and CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes expressing interferon-gamma were induced in the splenocytes. These data suggest that a live attenuated H5N1 vaccine with cold-adapted H9N2 internal genes can protect chickens from infection with H5N1 and H9N2 influenza viruses by eliciting humoral and cellular immunity.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
  • Byung Min Song · Young Myong Kang · Hyun Soo Kim · Sang Heui Seo
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    ABSTRACT: Respiratory epithelial cells are one of main targets for infections caused by influenza viruses. Recently, the induction of proinflammatory cytokines and toll-like receptors (TLRs) in normal human bronchial/tracheal epithelial cells infected with seasonal H1N1, 2009 pandemic H1N1, seasonal H3N2, or highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus were studied to understand the pathogenesis and early immune responses. The cells were productively infected with the viruses. Among the inflammatory cytokines tested, interleukin (IL)-8 was predominantly induced in virus-infected cells. Among the chemokines tested, interferon-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and growth-related oncogene-α (GRO-α) were predominantly induced in virus-infected cells. TLR-5 was predominantly induced in cells infected with seasonal H1N1, pandemic H1N1, or H5N1 influenza virus, and TLR-3 was predominantly induced in cells infected with seasonal H3N2 influenza virus. Taken together, the results suggest that IL-8, IP-10, and GRO-α are predominantly induced in respiratory epithelial cells infected with influenza A viruses, and that TLR-5 and TLR-3 are involved in the stimulation of virus-infected respiratory epithelial cells.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Viral immunology
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: H9N2 influenza virus is endemic in many Asian countries and is regarded as a candidate for the next human pandemic. Knowledge of the induction of inflammatory responses and toll-like receptors (TLRs) in chickens infected with H9N2 is limited. Here, we show that H9N2 induces pro-inflammatory cytokines such as transforming growth factor-beta 3; tumor necrosis factor-alpha; interferon-alpha, -beta, and gamma; and TLR 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 15 in trachea, lung, and intestine of infected chickens. In the lung, TLR-15 was dominantly induced. Taken together, it seems that H9N2 infections efficiently induce inflammatory cytokines and TLRs in trachea, lung and intestine of chickens.
    Full-text · Article · May 2011 · Veterinary Research
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    ABSTRACT: A 2009 H1N1 influenza virus pandemic, which had its origin in swine, caused severe illness and mortality in humans. Inflammatory responses may be responsible for pathogenesis caused by infection with influenza viruses. To better understand the pathogenic mechanism, clinical signs and inflammatory responses in ferrets infected with the pandemic H1N1 were compared with those caused by seasonal H1N1 influenza virus. Ferrets infected with the 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus displayed higher body temperatures, greater reduction in body weight, and higher viral titers in the tracheae and lungs. Levels of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6, interferon-alpha, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, were higher in the lungs of ferrets infected with the 2009 pandemic H1N1. The data support the idea that increased pathogenesis caused by the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus may have been partially mediated by a higher induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the lungs of affected humans or animals.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Archives of Virology

Publication Stats

84 Citations
15.10 Total Impact Points


  • 2011-2014
    • Chungnam National University
      • College of Veterinary Medicine
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2013
    • Animal Plant And Fisheries Quarantine And Inspection Agency
      안양시, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Surgery
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea