[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A prospective study was conducted to determine the value of changes in circulating tumour cell (CTC) levels prior to and after the first cycle of neoadjuvant treatment in early prediction of pathologic response in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Two blood samples were obtained from 72 eligible LABC patients to isolate and enumerate CTCs before neoadjuvant chemotherapy started on day 1, and on day 21, immediately before second cycle administration.
Sixty patients (83.3%) had <1 CTC in the first sample and response rates in this cohort were pathologic complete response (PCR) in 2 patients (5%), partial response (PR) in 35 (87.5%), stable disease (SD) in 2 (5%) and progressive disease (PD) in 1 (2.5%). Twelve patients (16.7%) had >2 CTCs in the first sample; these patients were more likely to have triple negative tumours. All 12 had fewer CTCs in the second sample. Response rates in this second cohort of 12 patients were PCR in 4 (34%), PR in 6 (50%), SD in 1 (8%) and PD in 1 (8%). PCR rate was markedly better in this second cohort (p<0.0042; OR 14.5, 95% CI 2.3-92).
This study suggests that the presence of CTCs prior to neoadjuvant therapy might be a predictor of response to this therapy.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2009 · Clinical and Translational Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lung cancer-predominantly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-is the leading cause of death from cancer in most industrialized countries. Patients with early-stage NSCLC are at substantial risk for recurrence and death even after potentially curative surgery. Multiple large randomized trials have demonstrated that adjuvant chemotherapy using modern cisplatin-based regimens can significantly improve 5-year survival in carefully selected patients with NSCLC.The current staging system is inadequate for predicting the outcome of treatment and the prognosis in an individual patient. Molecular markers may provide additional information about the likelihood of relapse beyond that obtained from pathologic staging. They may also have value in determining which patients will benefit from adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy.This is a review focused on approaches and specific markers under study, including gene expression profiles, DNA repair pathways, class III beta-tubulin expression, abnormalities in the k-ras oncogene and p53 tumor suppressor gene, and DNA methylation markers. Additional studies will be required to determine whether these markers are useful in selecting patients for adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy.
No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor might enhance metronomic chemotherapy in previously treated metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients. Anthracycline and taxane refractory MBC patients were given cyclophosphamide 50 mg p.o. daily, methotrexate 1 mg/kg i.v. every 14 days, and bevacizumab 10 mg/kg i.v. every 14 days. Trastuzumab was added in HER2-overexpressing tumors. 24 patients were enrolled and 22 were evaluable. All tumors had histologic grade II-III and most patients had > or =2 metastatic sites. After a median follow-up of 7.7 months the response rates were: complete response (CR) 0%, partial response (PR) 31.8% (95% CI 13.9- 54.9%), stable disease for >or =24 weeks (SD) 31.8% (95% CI 13.9-54.9%). Clinical benefit (CB= CR + PR + SD>24w) 63.6% (95% CI 40.7-82.8%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.5 months; overall survival (OS) was 13.6 months. HER2-overexpressing or high proliferative-index tumors had better 6-month PFS (75% vs. 34% in HER-negative tumors, P = 0.043; 67% vs. 0% in Ki-67 > or =20% tumors, P = 0.015). Adverse effects were mild. The combination of bevacizumab and a metronomic-based chemotherapy was effective, well tolerated and provided clinical benefit in heavilytreated MBC patients.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2008 · Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In recent years platinum-based chemotherapy has become the standard of care for patients with good performance status after complete resection in stages IB-IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although the benefit is mainly in stages II and IIIA.
In a retrospective trial we evaluate the clinical efficacy and toxicity profile of a platinum- and taxanes-based adjuvant chemotherapy in completely resected IB-IIIA NSCLC. The primary end point was relapse- free survival (RFS); principal secondary end points were overall survival (OS) and safety of the regimen. Potential predictive factors of efficacy and clinical patterns of relapse were also analysed.
From January 2003 to December 2006, 41 patients met the inclusion criteria and were evaluable. Median age at diagnosis was 68.1 years (CI 95% 54-72; range 45-78). Most patients were males (87.7%) and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score (PS) of 0-1 (87.8%), and 53.6% had adenocarcinomas. Pathological stages were as follow: 48.7% stage IB, 24.3% stage II and 26.8% stage IIIA. 75.6% of patients underwent a lobectomy and mediastinal lymphadenectomy and were treated with a combination of carboplatin AUC6 and paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 (85.36%) for 3 or 4 cycles. With a median follow-up of 18.2 months (range 5.1-46.5), 26 patients (63%) were free of disease and 32 of them were alive (78%). Median RFS was 12.1 months (CI 95% 9.8-14.9) and median OS had not been reached at the time of analysis. Patients with PS< or =1 at diagnosis had a higher RFS [p=0.051 (CI 95% 0.90-0.96)]. Toxicity was generally mild and haematologic events were the most frequent. Non-haematologic toxic effects of chemotherapy were asthenia/ anorexia (12.2%), nausea/vomiting (12.2%) and peripheral neuropathy (17%), but severe toxic effects (grade 3 or greater) were uncommon (<10%). We did not observe treatment-related deaths.
Platinum-taxane-based adjuvant chemotherapy in IB-IIIA NSCLC following complete resection is feasible, well tolerated and can be delivered in most patients in the adjuvant setting. Ongoing molecular studies may have value in determining which patients will benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2008 · Clinical and Translational Oncology