[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
Annexins are a family of intracellular proteins that bind membrane phospholipids in a Ca(2+) concentration-dependent manner. Several annexins play important roles during tumor progression. However, little is known about the clinical implications and biological functions of Annexin A3 in breast cancer.
Using immunohistochemistry, we analyzed 60 breast cancers for the levels of annexin A3 and investigated the correlation of its expression change with patient's survival via Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Furthermore, via knockdown of Annexin A3 expression in breast cancer cells with special siRNA, the role of Annexin A3 in the proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer cells was examined.
Annexin A3 was expressed at higher level in breast cancer than that in normal breast tissue. The expression of Annexin A3 in human breast carcinoma closely correlated with tumor size and axillary lymph node metastasis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a significant inverse correlation between strong Annexin A3 expression and overall patient survival. Moreover, Annexin A3 overexpression was inversely associated with Bax staining and the apoptosis index. Annexin A3 small interfering RNA in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-435 could inhibit cell proliferation, decrease Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expression, and increase Bax mRNA and protein expression.
Our findings indicated that Annexin A3 might be a novel and potential prognostic marker for patients with breast cancer and be involved in regulating apoptosis by affecting Bcl-2/Bax balance.
No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Experimental and Molecular Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Foxp3 was identified as a key protein in mediating inhibitory functions of regulatory T cell (Treg). Foxp3 was thought to express only in the T cell lineage until recently when some researches reported that Foxp3 was also expressed by cancer cells. In this study, we describe for the first time the expression of Foxp3 in cervical cancer. Progression from cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) to cervical cancer is a multistep process initiated by persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV). P16(INK4a) is a crucial marker of HPV integration into host cells. In the present study, expressions of Foxp3 and P16(INK4a) in CIN and cervical cancer were detected by immunohistochemistry. Our results found expression level of Foxp3 was increased during the progression of cervical neoplasia. Moreover, up-regulation of Foxp3 appeared to be correlated with the expression of P16(INK4a). Examination of the role of Foxp3 in differentiation by double immunostaining for cytokeratin 10 (CK10) showed significant association between Foxp3 expression and differentiation (Foxp3 vs CK10). Furthermore, positive expression of Foxp3 was correlated with tumor size. These data suggest that Foxp3 may play an important role in differentiation and growth of cervical cancer cells. Our findings provide new insights regarding the role of Foxp3 in differentiation and its association with HPV infection during the development of cervical cancer.
No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
Protein 14-3-3γ is an important member of the 14-3-3 family that play important roles in the regulation of various cellular processes. The aim of the study is to investigate the association between 14-3-3γ expression and the clinicopathological features of patients with breast cancer.
The expression of 14-3-3γ was detected by Western blot in both foci of breast cancer and adjacent non-cancerous tissues. In addition, 14-3-3γ expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in 60 clinicopathologically characterized breast cancer cases. The association of 14-3-3γ expression with survival of the patients were analyzed.
The expression level of 14-3-3γ protein in breast cancer were significantly higher than that in non-cancerous mammary gland tissues. Moreover, high expression of 14-3-3γ correlated with tumor size and tumor grade (all P<0.05). Patients with high 14-3-3γ expression had worse overall survival rate than that with low expression (P < 0.05). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that 14-3-3γ expression was an independent predictor of overall survival (HR, 0.196; 95%CI, 0.043-0.892; P = 0.035).
Our data suggest for the first time that the increased expression of 14-3-3γ in breast cancer is associated significantly with tumor progression and poor prognosis. 14-3-3γ may be a novel and potential prognostic marker for breast cancer.