[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of activation of NG2 expressing cells. Application of microglial inhibitors not only attenuated morphological changes but also significantly retarded increase in the number of NG2 expressing cells. Intracerebral injection of TGF-β1 led to a profound activation of NG2 glia as well as an earlier accumulation of NG2+-microglia, while inhibition of TGF-β1 Smad2/3 signalling pathway eventually attenuated their active responses. We conclude that the activation of NG2 expressing cells is an event downstream to microglial reaction and TGF-β1 secreted from microglia might play an important role in modulation of the function of NG2 expressing cells.
No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Neuroimmunology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While OX42(+) microglia/macrophages have been considered as a scavenger in the brain, NG2(+) cells are generally considered as oligodendrocyte progenitor cells or function-unknown glial cells. Recent evidence showed that under some pathological conditions, certain cells have become positive for both anti-NG2 and anti-OX42 antibodies. Our results suggested that some OX42(+) microglia or macrophages were induced to express NG2 proteins 3 and 5 days later after focal injection of lipopolysaccharide into the brain cortex of Sprague-Dawley rats. In consideration of the induction of NG2 expression may associate with gaining or losing functions of microglia/macrophages, we further showed that, while OX42(+) or ED1(+) microglia/macrophages presented active phagocytic function, NG2(+) /OX42(+) cells failed to engulf latex beads. The induced expression of NG2 protein may possibly indicate the functional diversity of activated microglia/macrophages in the brain.