[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The physiological significance of photosystem II (PSII) core protein phosphorylation has been suggested to facilitate the migration of oxidative damaged D1 and D2 proteins, but meanwhile the phosphorylation seems to be associated with the suppression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and it also relates to the degradation of PSII reaction center proteins. To more clearly elucidate the possible protecting effect of the phosphorylation on oxidative damage of D1 protein, the degradation of oxidized D1 protein and the production of superoxide anion in the non-phosphorylated and phosphorylated PSII membranes were comparatively detected using the Western blotting and electron spin resonance spin-trapping technique, respectively. Obviously, all of three ROS components, including superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical are responsible for the degradation of oxidized D1 protein, and the protection of the D1 protein degradation by phosphorylation is accompanied by the inhibition of superoxide anion production. Furthermore, the inhibiting effect of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU), a competitor to Q(B), on superoxide anion production and its protecting effect on D1 protein degradation are even more obvious than those of phosphorylation. Both DCMU effects are independent of whether PSII membranes are phosphorylated or not, which reasonably implies that the herbicide DCMU and D1 protein phosphorylation probably share the same target site in D1 protein of PSII. So, altogether it can be concluded that the phosphorylation of D1 protein reduces the oxidative damage of D1 protein by decreasing the production of superoxide anion in PSII membranes under high light.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Photosynthesis Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: So far it is unclear whether the release of oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) subunits including PsbO, PsbP, and PsbQ proteins is affected by the phosphorylation of photosystem II (PSII) membranes under light stress. In this work, different phosphorylated PSII membranes were obtained from spinach. Phosphorylation partially suppressed the release of PsbO, PsbP, and PsbQ proteins from PSII membranes under light stress. Reactive oxygen species including superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical, were involved in the release of a small part of PsbO protein, but not in the release of PsbP and PsbQ proteins in the non-phosphorylated and phosphorylated PSII membranes. All of the results suggested that the release of PsbO, PsbP, and PsbQ proteins was partially regulated by phosphorylation in PSII membranes, and the role of reactive oxygen species in the release of OEC subunits in non-phosphorylated PSII membranes was the same as in phosphorylated PSII membranes.
No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Chinese Journal of Chemistry