[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To evaluate the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) of the childhood population in this community and its relationship with asthma symptoms.
A cross-sectional study was conducted using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire on children and adolescents in this community. The symptoms "wheezing ever", "current asthma", "severe asthma", and "exercise-induced asthma" were defined by this questionnaire. Parental smoking was classified into four mutually exclusive categories: 1) no parent smokes; 2) only the mother smokes; 3) only the father smokes; and 4) both parents smoke. The odds ratio of the prevalence of asthma symptoms according to ETS exposure was calculated using logistic regression.
A total of 10,314 children and 10,453 adolescents were included. Over 51% of the children and adolescents were exposed to ETS at home. ETS is associated with a higher prevalence of asthma symptoms, particularly if the mother or both parents smoke.
The prevalence of ETS is still high in this community, although there has been a decreasing tendency in the last 15 years. ETS is associated with higher prevalence of asthma.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Jornal de pediatria
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of intensity of truck traffic on asthma symptomatology, and its relationship with age and gender. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted on children and adolescents from Galicia (North-West Spain). METHODS: Following the methodology of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): children from schools randomly selected, answered a self-administered questionnaire included questions on asthma symptoms and some risk factors. The association between self-reported truck traffic on the street of residence and symptoms of asthma were investigated by logistic regression adjusted for body mass index, maternal education and parental smoking. RESULTS: Almost 40% of children in Galicia are exposed to the frequent and constant passing of heavy goods vehicles. The odds of 6-7 year-old boys having severe or exercise induced asthma is tripled when they live in streets with the constant passing of heavy goods vehicles, compared with those living in streets where these vehicles never pass. In adolescents and 6-7 year-old girls, no relationship was observed between truck traffic and asthma symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study appear to support a distinct effect of truck traffic on asthma symptoms depending on the age and sex of the exposed population, being more harmful for young males.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Paracetamol is one of the factors that have been associated with the observed increase in asthma prevalence in the last few years. The influence of environmental or genetic factors in this disease may be different in some countries than in others. The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between the paracetamol consumption and asthma prevalence in our community. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on more than 20 000 children and adolescents in Galicia, Spain. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood methodology was used to collect the information on asthma symptoms in children, paracetamol consumption, body mass index (BMI), pets in the home, education level of the mother and parental asthma and smoking habits. The influence of paracetamol consumption on the prevalence of asthma symptoms was calculated using logistic regression, adjusted for the other parameters included in the study. Results: After adjusting for gender, BMI, having a cat or dog, maternal education, parental asthma and smoking, in 6- to7-year-old children, the consumption of paracetamol during the first year of life is associated with asthma [odds ratio (OR) 2.04 (1.79-2.31) for wheezing at some time]. Paracetamol consumption in the previous year leads to a significant increase in the probability of wheezing at some time [OR 3.32 (2.51-4.41)] in young children and adolescents [OR 2.12 (1.68-2.67)]. Conclusions: Paracetamol consumption is associated with a significant increase in asthma symptoms. The effect is greater the more often the drug is taken.
Full-text · Article · May 2012 · The European Journal of Public Health
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is still debate on the effect of dietetic factors on the prevalence or severity of asthma, as well as the interaction with other factors. We have analysed the prevalence and severity of asthma according to adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), its association with obesity and family life style. We performed a cross-sectional study on 14,700 children and adolescents in six health areas in our region. We used the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire to collect asthma symptoms, dietary habits, anthropometric parameters, parental smoking habits and maternal education level. The diet pattern was analysed using a Mediterranean Diet Score. In the logistic regression we analysed the influence of adhering to the MD on the prevalence and severity of asthma, adjusted for the other parameters included. Greater adherence to the MD is associated with a higher risk of severe asthma (odds ratios = 2.26, 95% CI: 1.21-4.22) in girls of 6-7 yr. There was no significant relationship for the other asthma categories in the population studied. The results of our study do not support a protective effect of the MD on the prevalence or severity of asthma.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2010 · Pediatric Allergy and Immunology