Miguel Ortín

The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Londinium, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (8)32.41 Total impact

  • Miguel Ortín · Muhammad A Saif

    No preview · Article · May 2012 · Immunotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: After the treatment of patients with acute leukemia, there is a decrease in vaccine-specific antibody and an increased susceptibility to certain vaccine-preventable diseases. A simple revaccination schedule is warranted. Fifty-nine children (age, 1-18 years) who had completed standard chemotherapy in accordance with Medical Research Council of United Kingdom protocols were recruited. All children received a single dose of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis, meningococcus C, polio, measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines > or = 6 months after completion of treatment. Antibody concentrations were measured before vaccination and 2-4 weeks and 12 months after vaccination. Prevaccination antibody levels were protective for all patients for tetanus (geometric mean concentration [GMC], 0.13 IU/mL; 95% CI, 0.1-0.17 IU/mL), for 87% for Hib (GMC, 0.5 microg/mL; 95% CI, 0.37-0.74 microg/mL), for 71% for measles (GMC, 301 mIU/mL; 95% CI, 163-557 mIU/mL), for 12% for meningococcus C (geometric mean titer [GMT], 1:2.9; 95% CI, 1:2.2 to 1:3.9), and for 11% for all 3 poliovirus serotypes. Revaccination resulted in a significant increase in levels of antibody to each vaccine antigen, with 100% of patients achieving optimal antitetanus antibody concentrations (defined as > 0.1 IU/mL; 1.5 IU/mL; 95% CI, 1.1-2.1 IU/mL), 93% achieving optimal antibody concentrations to Hib (defined as > 1.0 microg/mL; 6.5 microg/mL; 95% CI, 5.1-8.2 microg/mL), 94% achieving optimal antibody concentrations to measles (defined as > or = 120 mIU/mL; 2720 mIU/mL; 95% CI, 1423-5198 mIU/mL), 96% achieving optimal antibody concentrations to meningococcus C (defined as > or = 1:8; 1:1000; 95% CI, 1:483-1:2064), and 85% achieving optimal antibody concentrations to all the 3 poliovirus serotypes (defined as > or = 1:8). For the majority of subjects, protection persisted for at least 12 months after vaccination. Revaccination of children after standard chemotherapy is important, and protection can be achieved in the majority of these children using a simple schedule of 1 vaccine dose at 6 months after completion of leukemia therapy.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2007 · Clinical Infectious Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: There is a decrease in antibody levels after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), and such patients may be at increased risk of acquiring vaccine-preventable infection. A simple and validated revaccination schedule is required. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity of a revaccination schedule for pediatric HSCT recipients. Thirty-eight children (age, 1-18 years) who had undergone autologous or allogeneic HSCT for malignant diseases were recruited. All children received vaccinations in accordance with a predefined schedule. Antibody concentrations were measured before and 2-4 weeks after vaccination against tetanus; Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib); meningococcus C; measles; poliovirus serotypes 1, 2, and 3; and 9 pneumococcus serotypes. Before vaccination, protective antibody levels were found for tetanus in 95% of patients (geometric mean concentration [GMC], 0.07 IU/mL; 95% CI, 0.05-0.1 IU/mL), for Hib in 63% (GMC, 0.34 microg/mL; 95% CI, 0.21-0.57 microg/mL), for measles in 60% (GMC, 102 mIU/mL; 95% CI, 41-253 mIU/mL), for meningococcus C in 11% (geometric mean titer [GMT], 1:4; 95% CI, 1:2-1:8.4), for all 3 poliovirus serotypes in 29%, and for all 9 pneumococcal serotypes in 0%. Vaccination resulted in a significant increase (P < or = .05) in antibody levels to each vaccine antigen studied, with 100% of patients achieving protection against tetanus (GMC, 2.2 IU/mL; 95% CI, 1.8-2.7 IU/mL), 100% achieving protection against Hib (GMC, 8.4 microg/mL; 95% CI, 7.6-9.3 microg/mL), 100% achieving protection against measles (GMC, 2435 mIU/mL; 95% CI, 1724-3439 mIU/mL), 100% achieving protection against meningococcus C (GMT, 1:5706; 95% CI, 1:3510-1:9272), 92% achieving protection against the 3 poliovirus serotypes, and > or = 80% achieving protection against each of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine-associated serotypes. No factors relevant to age, underlying disease, or treatment type were found to significantly influence responses. Revaccination of pediatric HSCT recipients in accordance with this revaccination schedule provides a high level of protection against these vaccine-preventable diseases.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Clinical Infectious Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this retrospective study conducted between H.U. Marques de Valdecilla (Spain) and the Royal Marsden NHS Trust (UK) was to analyse the outcome of patients who underwent haemopoietic progenitor cell transplantation (HPCT) after a previous history of Invasive fungal infections (IFI). This study includes 27 patients (15 autologous, 12 allogeneic). The diagnosis of IFI was microbiologically proven in 21 cases and only radiologically in six. Pre-HPCT treatment included intravenous antifungals in all and surgical excision in eight cases. All patients received post-HPCT antifungal prophylaxis. Median time from diagnosis of IFI to HPCT was 131 days. At median follow-up of 193 days, three patients (two allogeneic, one autologous) had relapse of IFI resulting in death in all cases. One of them had received TBI and two were receiving treatment for graft versus host disease. Each patient was receiving a different form of prophylaxis. Overall, seven patients are alive and disease-free. Ten patients died from disease progression and 10 from transplant-related toxicity, including IFI. In our experience, the risk of post-HPCT reactivation of a previous IFI is low (11%), so IFI should not be an absolute contraindication for HPCT. The combination of aggressive antifungal treatment for IFI and antifungal prophylaxis throughout HPCT reduces the probability of reactivation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Leukemia and Lymphoma
  • Soonie R Patel · Rudy U Ridwan · Miguel Ortín
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    ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease is an important infectious complication after allogeneic hemopoietic progenitors transplant (HPT), but few data are available in children. To investigate the factors influencing CMV reactivation, subsequent relapses of positive antigenemia, and the development of organ disease in children, the authors retrospectively analyzed 108 children who received allogeneic HPT for malignant conditions at one center. Of these, 41 were CMV serology positive (donor or recipient) before HPT. All those with CMV-positive serology received high-dose acyclovir in conjunction with weekly CMV phosphoprotein-pp65 antigen monitoring of the peripheral blood during the first 3 months. Those with CMV reactivation (positive antigenemia) received preemptive treatment with ganciclovir and/or foscarnet to prevent CMV disease. The incidence of positive antigenemia in this cohort was 41.5% at a mean of 44 +/- 31.6 days after HPT. Two patients (4.9%) subsequently developed late CMV disease. Recipient CMV status was significantly (P = 0.0001) more relevant to reactivation than donor status. Reactivations were significantly more common in single recipient seropositive than double (donor and recipient) positive pairs (P = 0.05). Reactivations were significantly more common in recipients of unrelated donor grafts than matched-related donor grafts (P = 0.025). Reactivations also occurred significantly more in T-cell-depleted graft recipients (P = 0.004) than recipients of unmanipulated grafts. The subsequent development of disease was more common in a CMV-seropositive recipient receiving a CMV-seronegative, T-cell-depleted, unrelated donor graft, and after transplantation receiving treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease. Patients with identified high risk factors for CMV reactivation and disease should be monitored by CMV PCR, and early preemptive treatment should be instigated to prevent the development of disease.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
  • Soonie R Patel · Miguel Ortín
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    ABSTRACT: Primary varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection and herpes zoster are important infectious complications after an allogeneic hemopoietic progenitors transplant (HPT). The authors describe a girl with second relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia who received an HPT at age 13 years. Two years after the HPT she started a revaccination program of routine childhood vaccines. With each course of vaccines she developed herpes zoster of the C6 dermatome, initially with the rash and later zoster sine herpete. The vaccinations appear to have triggered VZV reactivation by vaccine-induced immunomodulation in this HPT recipient.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: A relationship between dose of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and maturational stage of the progenitors mobilized in healthy adult donors has been suggested. In this study we characterize the progenitors mobilized by 2 different dosages of G-CSF in children receiving autologous grafts after intensive treatment for solid tumors.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2004 · Haematologica

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2002 · Annals of Pharmacotherapy