Jenny Dahl Knudsen

Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Hvidovre, Capital Region, Denmark

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Publications (87)256.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Population-based studies conducted in single regions or countries have identified significant changes in the epidemiology of invasive group B streptococcus (GBS) infection. However, no studies have concurrently compared the epidemiology of GBS infections among multiple different regions and countries over time. The study objectives were to define the contemporary incidence and determinants of GBS bloodstream infection (BSI) and assess temporal changes in a multi-national population. Methods Population-based surveillance for GBS BSI was conducted in nine regions in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Sweden, Finland and the UK during 2000-2010. Incidence rates were age- and gender-standardised to the EU population. Results During 114 million patient-years of observation, 3464 cases of GBS BSI were identified for an overall annual incidence of 3.4 patients per 100 000 persons. There were marked differences in the overall (range = 1.8-4.1 per 100 000 person-year) and neonatal (range = 0.19-0.83 per 1000 live births) incidences of GBS BSI observed among the study regions. The overall incidence significantly (p = 0.05) increased. Rates of neonatal disease were stable, while the incidence in individuals older than 60 years doubled (p = 0.003). In patients with detailed data (n = 1018), the most common co-morbidity was diabetes (25%). During the study period, the proportion of cases associated with diabetes increased. Conclusions While marked variability in the incidence of GBS BSI was observed among these regions, it was consistently found that rates increased among older adults, especially in association with diabetes. The burden of this infection may be expected to continue to increase in ageing populations worldwide.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to evaluate how use of antibiotics precedes the presence of ESBL-producing E.coli in general practice. The authors performed a triple-case-control study where three case groups were individually compared to a single control group of uninfected individuals. Urine samples were prospectively collected and retrospective statistical analyses were done. This study included 98 cases with urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by ESBL-producing E. coli, 174 with antibiotic-resistant (non-ESBL) E. coli, 177 with susceptible E. coli and 200 with culture negative urine samples. Case groups had significantly higher use of antibiotics than the control group within 30 days before infection (p < 0.0001). The ESBL group had significantly more hospital admissions than the other case groups (p < 0.05). Hospital admission was an independent risk factor for community onset UTI by ESBL-producing E. coli. Exposure to antibiotics was a risk factor for UTI with E. coli, while prior antibiotic usage was not an indisputable predictor for infection with ESBL-producing E.coli in general practice.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Development of antimicrobial resistance is an ongoing and increasing problem. To provide the best possible treatment for patients it is crucial that clinicians are aware of the local antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. The aim of this study was to present an overview of the percentage of bacterial isolates that are covered by the most commonly used antibiotics in the area of Copenhagen and to provide clinicians with a practical tool to help chose the right antimicrobial treatment for their patients. Methods: We conducted a study of all bacteria isolates tested for antimicrobial susceptibility at Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark, from 2004 to 2008. Due to a suspected rise in resistance in Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae after this period, updated data for these bacteria are shown for selected antibiotics until 2014. The department receives samples from hospitals as well as from primary healthcare. Only one isolate per species per patient per year was included. Results: A total of 224,033 bacteria isolates were included in this study. The antimicrobial susceptibility of the various bacteria is presented in a table. No clinically relevant changes in resistance patterns were noted up to 2014. Conclusions: A comprehensive and manageable inventory of the resistance patterns of the major bacteria covering the 2004-2008 period is presented. Clinicians are encouraged to use the pocket-size table as guidance when choosing antibiotic treatment. Funding: none. Trial registration: not relevant.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Danish Medical Journal

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · European geriatric medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Bacteraemia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and timely access to relia-ble information is essential for health care administrators. Therefore, we investigated the complete-ness of bacteraemia registration in the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) containing hospital discharge diagnoses and surgical procedures for all non-psychiatric patients. As gold standard we identified bacteraemia patients in three defined areas of Denmark (~2.3 million inhabitants) from 2000 through 2011 by use of blood culture data retrieved from electronic microbiology databases. Diagnoses coded according to the International Classification of Diseases, version 10, and surgical procedure codes were retrieved from the DNPR. The codes were categorized into seven groups, ranked a priori according to the likelihood of bacteraemia. Completeness was analysed by contin-gency tables, for all patients and subgroups. We identified 58,139 bacteraemic episodes in 48,450 patients; 37,740 episodes (64.9%) were covered by one or more discharge diagnoses within the sev-en diagnosis/surgery groups and 18,786 episodes (32.3%) had a code within the highest priority group. Completeness varied substantially according to speciality (from 17.9% for surgical to 36.4% for medical), place of acquisition (from 26.0% for nosocomial to 36.2% for community), and mi-croorganism (from 19.5% for anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria to 36.8% for haemolytic strepto-cocci). The completeness increased from 25.1% in 2000 to 35.1% in 2011. In conclusion, one third of the bacteraemic episodes did not have a relevant diagnosis in the Danish administrative registry recording all non-psychiatric contacts. This source of information should be used cautiously to iden-tify patients with bacteraemia.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: A routine follow-up urine sample (FUS) in the form of a midstream urine sample (MSU) is recommended after treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI) according to the Danish Paediatric Society (DPS) and "Lægehåndbogen" published by Danish Regions. We studied the effect of FUS with a focus on patients without symptoms at the time of FUS. Consecutive patients below 16.0 years treated for upper or lower UTI from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2009 at Hvidovre Hospital in accordance with the guidelines of the department and the DPS. All patients were asked to provide a FUS within 21 days. A total of 87 patients were treated for upper UTI: 59 girls and 28 boys, the median age was 1.1 year (range: 0.1-15.6 years); and 42 girls were treated for lower UTI, their median age was 8.2 years (range: 2.5-15.3 years). After treatment, the risk of a UTI was 0% (0/87) after upper UTI versus 19% (8/42) after lower UTI (Fisher's exact test (FE), p < 0.0001). Among those without symptoms at FUS, the risk of a UTI was 0% (0/75) (95% confidence interval (CI): 0-4.9%) after upper UTI versus 4% (1/26) (95% CI: 0.1-19.6%) after lower UTI (FE, p = 0.2754). The cost of requesting a FUS in patients without symptoms was 166 euro after treatment for upper UTI and 66 euro after treatment of lower UTI. We do not recommend a FUS after treatment for UTI as the 95% CI of risk of missing UTI after treatment for upper UTI was below 5%. This strategy will save the patients/families and the health-care system. However, if a child has symptoms after treatment for UTI, it must be examined. not relevant. The study was approved by the Danish Data Protection Agency (J. no. 2007-58-0015).
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Danish Medical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. We examined whether specific time windows after hospital admission reflected a sharp transition between community and hospital acquisition of bacteremia. We further examined whether different time windows to distinguish between community acquisition, healthcare association (HCA), and hospital acquisition influenced the results of prognostic models. Design. Population-based cohort study. Setting. Hospitals in 3 areas of Denmark (2.3 million inhabitants) during 2000-2011. Methods. We computed graphs depicting proportions of males, absence of comorbidity, microorganisms, and 30-day mortality pertaining to bacteremia 0, 1, 2, …, 30, and 31 days and later after admission. Next, we assessed whether different admission (0-1, 0-2, 0-3, 0-7 days) and HCA (30, 90 days) time windows were associated with changes in odds ratio (OR) and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for 30-day mortality, adjusting for sex, age, comorbidity, and microorganisms. Results. For 56,606 bacteremic episodes, no sharp transitions were detected on a specific day after admission. Among the 8 combined time windows, ORs for 30-day mortality varied from 1.30 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23-1.37) to 1.99 (95% CI, 1.48-2.67) for HCA and from 1.36 (95% CI, 1.24-1.50) to 2.53 (95% CI, 2.01-3.20) for hospital acquisition compared with community acquisition. Area under the ROC curve changed marginally from 0.684 (95% CI, 0.679-0.689) to 0.700 (95% CI, 0.695-0.705). Conclusions. No time transitions unanimously distinguished between community and hospital acquisition with regard to sex, comorbidity, or microorganisms, and no difference in 30-day mortality was seen for HCA patients in relation to a 30- or 90-day time window. ORs decreased consistently in the order of hospital acquisition, HCA, and community acquisition, regardless of time window combination, and differences in area under the ROC curve were immaterial.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: This national population-based study was conducted as part of the development of a national automated surveillance system for hospital-acquired bacteraemia and ascertains the utilization of blood cultures (BCs). A primary objective was to understand how local differences may affect interpretation of nationwide surveillance for bacteraemia. From the Danish Microbiology Database, we retrieved all BCs taken between 2010 and 2013 and linked these to admission data from the National Patient Registry. In total, 4 587 295 admissions were registered, and in 11%, at least one BC was taken. Almost 50% of BCs were taken at admission. The chance of having a BC taken declined over the next days but increased after 4 days of admission. Data linkage identified 876 290 days on which at least one BC was taken; 6.4% yielded positive results. Ten species, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella oxytoca, accounted for 74.7% of agents for this purpose classified as pathogenic. An increase in BCs and positive BCs was observed over time, particularly among older patients. BCs showed a seasonal pattern overall and for S. pneumoniae particularly. A predominance of male patients was seen for bacteraemias due to S. aureus, E. faecium and K. pneumoniae. Minor differences in BCs and positive BCs between departments of clinical microbiology underpin the rationale of a future automated surveillance for bacteraemia. The study also provides important knowledge for interpretation of surveillance of invasive infections more generally. Copyright © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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    Bente Arboe · Rasmus Rude Laub · Gitte Kronborg · Jenny Dahl Knudsen
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    ABSTRACT: TREAT, a decision support system for antimicrobial therapy, was implemented in an acute medical ward. Patients admitted on suspicion of infection were included in the study. The evaluation of TREAT was done both retrospectively and prospectively. Coverage of empirical antimicrobial treatments was compared to recommendations from TREAT and the optimal use of local guidelines. Five hundred and eleven patients were included, of whom 162 had a microbiologically documented infection. In the retrospective part of the study, TREAT, physician, and guideline antimicrobial coverage rates were 65%, 51%, and 79%, respectively, and in the prospective part, 68%, 62%, and 77%, respectively. TREAT provided lower coverage than local guidelines (p<0.001), but was similar to the performance of physicians in a university hospital (p=0.069). No differences were found in length of hospital stay, or hospital or 30-day mortality. Direct costs were significantly higher for TREAT advice than for local guidelines or the physician prescriptions (p<0.001), but the ecological costs were lower for TREAT advice than for both local guidelines (p<0.001) and physician prescriptions (p=0.247). The coverage of TREAT advice for the bacteraemia patients was non-inferior to the physicians (p=1.00). TREAT can potentially improve the ecological costs of empirical antimicrobial therapy for patients in acute medical wards, but provided lower coverage than local guidelines. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014 · International Journal of Infectious Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: Lethal outcomes can be expressed as a case fatality ratio (CFR) or as a mortality rate per 100,000 population per year (MR). Population surveillance for community-onset methicillin-sensitive (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia was conducted in Canada, Australia, Sweden and Denmark to evaluate 30-day CFR and MR trends between 2000-2008. The CFR was 20.3% (MSSA 20.2%, MRSA 22.3%) and MR was 3.4 (MSSA 3.1, MRSA 0.3) per 100,000 per year. Although MSSA CFR case was stable the MSSA MR increased; MRSA CFR decreased while its MR remained low during the study. Community-onset S. aureus bacteraemia, particularly MSSA, is associated with major disease burden. This study highlights complementary information provided by evaluating both CFR and MR. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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    ABSTRACT: The Danish Collaborative Bacteraemia Network (DACOBAN) research database includes microbiological data obtained from positive blood cultures from a geographically and demographically well-defined population serviced by three clinical microbiology departments (1.7 million residents, 32% of the Danish population). The database also includes data on comorbidity from the Danish National Patient Registry, vital status from the Danish Civil Registration System, and clinical data on 31% of nonselected records in the database. Use of the unique civil registration number given to all Danish residents enables linkage to additional registries for specific research projects. The DACOBAN database is continuously updated, and it currently comprises 39,292 patients with 49,951 bacteremic episodes from 2000 through 2011. The database is part of an international network of population-based bacteremia registries from five developed countries on three continents. The main purpose of the DACOBAN database is to study surveillance, risk, and prognosis. Sex- and age-specific data on background populations enables the computation of incidence rates. In addition, the high number of patients facilitates studies of rare microorganisms. Thus far, studies on Staphylococcus aureus, enterococci, computer algorithms for the classification of bacteremic episodes, and prognosis and risk in relation to socioeconomic factors have been published.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Clinical Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Data on the microbial spectrum in infected pancreatic necrosis are scarce. Only few studies have addressed this issue in a larger, consecutive group of patients treated by a standardized algorithm. Since 2005 endoscopic, transmural drainage and necrosectomy (ETDN) has been the treatment of choice for walled-off necrosis in our centre. The present study evaluated the microbial spectrum of infected pancreatic necrosis and the possible relationship between infected necrosis, organ failure, and mortality. Furthermore, we investigated whether the aetiology of pancreatitis, use of external drainage, and antibiotic treatment influenced the microbial findings. Methods Retrospective review of medical charts on 78 patients who underwent ETDN in our tertiary referral centre between November 2005 and November 2011. Results Twenty-four patients (31%) developed one or more organ failures, 23 (29%) needed treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU), and 9 (11%) died during hospital admission. The prevailing microbial findings at the index endoscopy were enterococci (45%), enterobacteriaceae (42%), and fungi (22%). There was a significant association between the development of organ failure (p<0.001), need of treatment in ICU (p<0.002), in-hospital mortality (p=0.039) and infected necrosis at the time of index endoscopy. Enterococci (p<0.0001) and fungi (p=0.01) were found more frequently in patients who died during admission as compared to survivors. Conclusion Different microbes in pancreatic necrosis may influence the prognosis. We believe that a detailed knowledge on the microbial spectrum in necrotizing pancreatitis may be utilized in the treatment to improve the outcome.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Pancreatology
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Microbiological documentation of one uropathogenic bacterium in significant numbers in urine from patients with typical symptoms is the gold standard for diagnosing urinary tract infection (UTI). Cleaning before collecting midstream urine (MSU) is reported not to reduce the risk of contaminating the sample and was therefore omitted at Hvidovre Hospital as from the autumn of 2006. We evaluate if no cleaning increased the risk of contamination in the Department of Paediatrics. Material and methods: A total of 1,858 patients aged 0-15 years who were suspected of UTI delivered two MSUs within 24 h. In 2004-2006 ("cleaning period"), 523 children were cleaned before obtaining two MSUs, contrary to the 1,335 children included in 2008-2010 ("non-cleaning period"). Significant bacteriuria was defined as at least 10,000 colony-forming units/ml of the same uropathogenic bacterium in two MSUs in monoculture. Contamination was defined as all other microbiological findings. Results: The procedure of no cleaning before sampling increased the risk of contamination in 0-9.9-year-old children from 43% to 49% (p = 0.034); and specifically in 0-9.9-year-old girls, the risk of contamination increased from 47% to 55% (p = 0.018). No significant effect was demonstrated in 10-15-year-old girls (p = 1.0) or in boys, independent of age (p = 0.19). In both periods, 31% of paired MSUs from the same child were without any bacterial or fungal growth. Conclusion: Cleaning before collecting urine from girls younger than ten years of age is recommended to minimise the risk of contamination. Cleaning was without effect on children aged 10-15 years. Funding: not relevant. Trial registration: not relevant.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Danish Medical Journal

  • No preview · Article · May 2014 · Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the molecular epidemiology of 87 third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli (3GC-R Ec) from bloodstream infections in Denmark from 2009. Sixty-eight of the 87 isolates were extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producers, whereas 17 isolates featured AmpC mutations only (without a coexpressed ESBL enzyme) and 2 isolates were producing CMY-22. The majority (82%) of the ESBL-producing isolates in our study were CTX-M-15 producers and primarily belonged to phylogroup B2 (54.4%) or D (23.5%). Further, one of the two CMY-22-producing isolates belonged to B2, whereas only few of the other AmpCs isolates belonged to B2 and D. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed that both clonal and nonclonal spread of 3GC-R Ec occurred. ST131 was detected in 50% of ESBL-producing isolates. The remaining ESBL-producing isolates belonged to 17 other sequence types (STs), including several other internationally spreading STs (e.g., ST10, ST69, and ST405). The majority (93%) of the ESBL-producing isolates and one of the CMY-22-producing isolates were multiresistant. In conclusion, 3GC-R in bacteriaemic E. coli in Denmark was mostly due to ESBL production, overexpression of AmpC, and to a lesser extent to plasmid-mediated AmpC. The worldwide disseminated CTX-M-15-ST131 was strongly represented in this collection of Danish, bacteriaemic E. coli isolates.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.)
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    ABSTRACT: Enterococci currently account for approximately 10% of all bacteraemias, reflecting remarkable changes in their epidemiology. However, population-based data of enterococcal bacteraemia are scarce. A population-based cohort study comprised all patients with a first episode of Enterococcus faecalis or Enterococcus faecium bacteraemia in two Danish regions during 2006–2009. We used data collected prospectively during clinical microbiological counselling and hospital registry data. We determined the incidence of mono- and polymicrobial bacteraemia and assessed clinical and microbiological characteristics as predictors of 30-day mortality in monomicrobial bacteraemia by logistic regression analysis. We identified 1145 bacteraemic patients, 700 (61%) of whom had monomicrobial bacteraemia. The incidence was 19.6/100 000 person-years (13.0/100 000 person-years for E. faecalis and 6.6/100 000 person-years for E. faecium). The majority of bacteraemias were hospital-acquired (E. faecalis, 45.7%; E. faecium, 85.2%). Urinary tract and intra-abdominal infections were the predominant foci for the two species, respectively. Infective endocarditis (IE) accounted for 25% of patients with community-acquired E. faecalis bacteraemia. Thirty-day mortality was 21.4% in patients with E. faecalis and 34.6% in patients with E. faecium. Predictors of 30-day mortality included age, co-morbidity and hospital-acquired bacteraemia. In addition, intra-abdominal infection, unknown focus and high-level gentamicin resistance were predictors of mortality in E. faecalis patients. E. faecium was associated with increased risk of mortality compared with E. faecalis. The study emphasizes the importance of enterococci both in terms of incidence and prognosis. The frequency of IE in patients with E. faecalis bacteraemia emphasizes the importance of echocardiography, especially in community-acquired cases.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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    Jenny Dahl Knudsen · Stig Ejdrup Andersen
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    ABSTRACT: In response to a considerable increase in the infections caused by ESBL/AmpC-producing Klebsiella pneumonia in 2008, a multidisciplinary intervention, with a main focus on antimicrobial stewardship, was carried out at one university hospital. Four other hospitals were used as controls. Stringent guidelines for antimicrobial treatment and prophylaxis were disseminated throughout the intervention hospital; cephalosporins were restricted for prophylaxis use only, fluoroquinolones for empiric use in septic shock only, and carbapenems were selected for penicillin-allergic patients, infections due to ESBL/AmpC-producing and other resistant bacteria, in addition to their use in severe sepsis/septic shock. Piperacillin-tazobactam ± gentamicin was recommended for empiric treatments of most febrile conditions. The intervention also included education and guidance on infection control, as well as various other surveillances. Two year follow-up data on the incidence rates of patients with selected bacterial infections, outcomes, and antibiotic consumption were assessed, employing before-and-after analysis and segmented regression analysis of interrupted time series, using the other hospitals as controls. The intervention led to a sustained change in antimicrobial consumption, and the incidence of patients infected with ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae decreased significantly (p<0.001). The incidences of other hospital-associated infections also declined (p's<0.02), but piperacillin-tazobactam-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecium infections increased (p's<0.033). In wards with high antimicrobial consumption, the patient gut carrier rate of ESBL-producing bacteria significantly decreased (p = 0.023). The unadjusted, all-cause 30-day mortality rates of K. pneumoniae and E. coli were unchanged over the four-year period, with similar results in all five hospitals. Although not statistically significant, the 30-day mortality rate of patients with ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae decreased, from 35% in 2008-2009, to 17% in 2010-2011. The two-year follow-up data indicated that this multidisciplinary intervention led to a statistically significant decrease in the incidence of ESBL/AmpC-resistant K. pneumoniae infections, as well as in the incidences of other typical hospital-associated bacterial infections.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · PLoS ONE
  • Jenny Dahl Knudsen · Niels Frimodt-Møller
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    ABSTRACT: Antibiotic treatment of elderly patients implies special problems because of higher probability of reduced renal or other organ function, and interactions with other medications. Elderly patients are more often previously hospitalised and treated with antibiotics or live in health-care institutions, and may be colonised with resistant microorganisms. It is crucial to sample for microbiological diagnostics before therapy. Adverse effects of antibiotics are seen more frequently with increasing age. Otherwise, the effect of antibiotics and durations of therapy is independent of patient age.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Ugeskrift for laeger
  • R R Laub · J D Knudsen
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    ABSTRACT: To optimize patient treatment and rational use of antimicrobials, it is important to provide fast information on findings in blood-cultures (BCs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of using peptide nucleic acid fluorescence in situ hybridization (PNA-FISH) on positive BCs containing Gram-positive cocci in clusters to differentiate between Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) on the prescribed antimicrobial therapy and on the number of contacts between microbiologist and clinician. All cases of positive BCs in our laboratory with SA or CoNS in the year 2011 were identified and the charts were reviewed retrospectively. The group of patients with BCs tested with PNA-FISH was compared to the group of patients with untested BCs. A total of 200 patients with SA and 725 patients with CoNS were included. The mean number of contacts was 0.82 when PNA-FISH showed CoNS and 1.39 when PNA-FISH was not done (p < 0.0001). More patients were recommended appropriate antimicrobial therapy for SA bacteraemia in the PNA-FISH group (98.0 %) than in the non-PNA-FISH group (89.4 %) (p = 0.025). The percentage treated with dicloxacillin was 29.6 in the PNA-FISH group, and 8.2 in the non-PNA-FISH group (p = 0.0003). The use of PNA-FISH on BCs in this study was associated with more appropriate and narrow spectrum antimicrobial therapy for patients with SA in an area with low prevalence of methicillin-resistant SA, and a lower number of contacts between clinical microbiologist and clinician about BCs with CoNS as contaminants.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · European Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae is increasing and the therapeutic options are limited, especially in primary care. Recent indications have suggested pivmecillinam to be a suitable option. Here, we evaluated the clinical and bacteriological effects of pivmecillinam in UTIs caused by ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae. We carried out a prospective follow-up of 39 patients diagnosed with UTI caused by ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae, initiated on pivmecillinam. The patients were from general practice (n = 29) or admitted to hospitals (n = 10) in the Copenhagen area, Denmark (n = 30) or Halland, Sweden (n = 9). Both patients and physicians were asked to complete a questionnaire on the pretreatment signs and symptoms. Patients were asked to send in two more urine samples for culture examination, together with questionnaires for clinical effect, 2-6 and 10-20 days, respectively, after end of treatment. Of the 39 patients included, 30 received a treatment regimen of 400 mg of pivmecillinam three times a day and 9 received 200 mg three times a day. All isolates were susceptible to mecillinam. The bacteriological cure rate was 79% (31/39); 80% (24/30) and 78% (7/9) for 400 and 200 mg three times a day, respectively. Relapse, i.e. ESBL-producing bacteria in the second control urine after previous bacteriological cure, was seen in five patients. Clinical cure was evaluable in 19 patients; 16 had a clinical effect (84%). Pivmecillinam was proven bacteriologically and clinically effective for treatment of lower UTIs caused by ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Publication Stats

1k Citations
256.88 Total Impact Points


  • 2006-2015
    • Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre
      • • Department of Clinical Microbiology
      • • Department of Infectious Diseases
      Hvidovre, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 2007
    • Næstved Hospital
      Нествед, Zealand, Denmark
  • 2005
    • Aarhus University Hospital
      • Department of Clinical Microbiology
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 1998-2003
    • Statens Serum Institut
      • Department of Microbiology and Infection Control
      København, Capital Region, Denmark