Sharon P Wilczynski

City of Hope National Medical Center, Дуарте, California, United States

Are you Sharon P Wilczynski?

Claim your profile

Publications (94)449.3 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Rare cases of Merkel cell carcinoma have been encountered in lymph nodes with unknown extranodal primary, which exhibit similar morphologic and immunophenotypic features to those in primary cutaneous Merkel cell carcinomas. However, it is uncertain whether the nodal Merkel cell carcinoma is a primary tumor of the lymph node or represents a metastasis from an occult or regressed extranodal lesion. To establish an accurate diagnosis of the nodal Merkel cell carcinoma can be challenging because of significant morphologic mimics, including lymphoblastic lymphoma and metastatic small cell carcinoma. Moreover, there is no consensus for a diagnostic term, and many different terms have been used, which can be confusing and may not fully reflect the nature of nodal Merkel cell carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the detailed clinicopathologic features of 22 nodal Merkel cell carcinomas, with comparison to 763 primary cutaneous cases retrieved from the literature. Overall, the nodal and cutaneous Merkel cell carcinomas shared similar clinical presentations, morphologic spectrum, and immunophenotype; both were mostly seen in elderly male with a typical neuroendocrine morphology. Most of cases expressed CK20, synaptophysin, and chromogranin A; and PAX5 and TdT were also positive in majority of cases. However, nodal Merkel cell carcinomas had a significantly lower association with Merkel cell polyomavirus than cutaneous cases (31% vs 76%, P=0.001). Therefore, these two entities may arise from overlapping but not identical biological pathways. We also recommend the use of the diagnostic term 'Merkel cell carcinoma of lymph node' to replace many other names used.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 10 January 2014; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2013.250.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Modern Pathology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis portends a poor prognosis and cannot be reliably predicted. Early determination of the metastatic potential of RCC may help guide proper treatment. We analyzed microRNA (miRNA) expression in clear cell RCC (ccRCC) for the purpose of developing a miRNA expression signature to determine the risk of metastasis and prognosis. We used the microarray technology to profile miRNA expression of 78 benign kidney and ccRCC samples. Using 28 localized and metastatic ccRCC specimens as the training cohort and the univariate logistic regression and risk score methods, we developed a miRNA signature model in which the expression levels of miR-10b, miR-139-5p, miR-130b and miR-199b-5p were used to determine the status of ccRCC metastasis. We validated the signature in an independent 40-sample testing cohort of different stages of primary ccRCCs using the microarray data. Within the testing cohort patients who had at least 5 years follow-up if no metastasis developed, the signature showed a high sensitivity and specificity. The risk status was proven to be associated with the cancer-specific survival. Using the most stably expressed miRNA among benign and tumorous kidney tissue as the internal reference for normalization, we successfully converted his signature to be a quantitative PCR (qPCR)-based assay, which showed the same high sensitivity and specificity. The 4-miRNA is associated with ccRCC metastasis and prognosis. The signature is ready for and will benefit from further large clinical cohort validation and has the potential for clinical application.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · PLoS ONE
  • Source
    Soon-Young Kwon · Seoung W Chae · Sharon P Wilczynski · Ahmad Arain · Carpenter · Philip M
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Laminin 332 (LN332) is a basally expressed extracellular matrix protein that enhances the migration and invasion of breast carcinoma cells. The goal of this study was to examine LN332 expression breast carcinoma. Triple negative breast carcinomas lack estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) expression and HER2 positivity. Immunohistochemistry for ER, PR, HER2, and dual silver in situ hybridization for the HER2 gene were used to define the phenotype of 243 breast cancers in biopsies or arrays. Immunohistochemistry for LN332 revealed that 70% of triple negative carcinomas stained for LN332. Cytokeratins 5/6 (CK5/6), epidermal growth factor receptor and p63 alone stained fewer triple negative breast carcinomas each, but the combination of LN332 and CK5/6 or epidermal growth factor receptor identified 92% of triple negative breast carcinoma. Of the 163 non-triple negative cases, LN332 was expressed in only 15%. The identification of LN332 in triple negative breast carcinomas is consistent with gene profiling studies showing its expression among breast carcinomas with a basal phenotype. The observation that a proinvasive protein such as LN332 is expressed in breast cancer suggests another mechanism by which the triple negative phenotype could be aggressive.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility of performing a fresh-tissue, in vitro radiation resistance assay (IVRRA) in a cooperative group setting and to assess the association of IVRRA results with clinical outcomes. Women with Stages IIB-IVA carcinoma of the uterine cervix without obvious para-aortic lymphadenopathy on imaging were eligible. Primary tumor biopsies were shipped to a central testing facility where agar-based cell suspensions were exposed to 300 cGy of RT ± cisplatin and cultured for 5 days. ³H-thymidine incorporation was used to determine percent cell inhibition (PCI) of test specimen compared to that of the untreated control. Tumors were considered to exhibit extreme radiation resistance (ERR), intermediate radiation resistance (IRR) or low radiation resistance (LRR) based on a standard data set from 39 previously studied specimens. Standardized doses of external beam radiation and intracavitary brachytherapy, when feasible, in addition to platinum-based chemotherapy were mandated. Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary endpoint. Clinical response and overall survival (OS) were secondary endpoints. Clinical investigators were blinded to assay data and vice versa. Thirty-six patients were enrolled, but analysis was limited to 17 patients whose specimens were adequate for IVRRA. The median follow-up time among patients still alive at last contact was 40 months (range: 0-56 months). There was no association between IVRRA and response. In the Cox model, IRR/ERR tumors showed worse PFS [HR = 11.2 (95% CI 1.3-96, p = 0.03)] and worse OS [HR=11.7 (95% CI 1.4-99.6, p = 0.03)] compared to LRR tumors when IVRRA was performed with RT alone, but there were no associations between IVRRA and PFS or OS when cisplatin was added to the IVRRA. IVRRA (RT alone) results correlated with PFS and OS in this prospective trial, but follow-up trials are indicated to address feasibility and to confirm results in an expanded cohort. If confirmed, IVRRA could potentially direct molecular identification of novel targeted therapeutic approaches which might counteract radiation resistance.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Source
    S Tommasi · A Besaratinia · S P Wilczynski · G P Pfeifer
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Loss of RASSF1A leads to several mitotic abnormalities, including cytokinesis failure and tetraploidization. Uncontrolled proliferation of tetraploid cells is known to trigger genomic instability and tumor development and is normally prevented through activation of a p53-dependent tetraploidy checkpoint. RASSF1A is the most commonly silenced and p53 is the most frequently mutated tumor suppressor gene in human cancer. However, their mutual contribution to tumorigenesis has never been investigated in animal models. Here, we explore whether concomitant loss of RASSF1A and p53 will result in increased levels of aneuploidy, genomic instability and tumorigenesis. We have intercrossed Rassf1a-knockout mice with mice lacking the p53 gene and generated a combination of single- and compound-mutant animals. Rassf1a-/- p53-/- mice were viable and fertile and developed normally. However, these mice were remarkably tumor prone and succumbed to malignancies significantly faster than single-mutant littermates, with a median survival time of 136 days (versus 158 days in p53-/- mice, P=0.0207, and >600 days in Rassf1a -/- animals, P<0.0001). Rassf1a-null mice with one functional p53 allele displayed a more moderate, yet tumor-prone phenotype, characterized by increased tumor multiplicity as compared with single knockouts. On cell-cycle profiling and cytogenetic analysis, cells derived from Rassf1a-/- p53-/- mice exhibited several mitotic defects associated with high levels of tetraploidy/aneuploidy. Conversely, cells with a proficient p53 allele could better cope with the mitotic failures imposed by Rassf1a loss. Altogether, we provide the first experimental evidence for a pivotal role of Rassf1a as an early gatekeeper gene, whose loss of function deteriorates cellular fitness by enhancing tetraploidization. Concomitant loss of p53, which causes unrestrained propagation of tetraploids into aneuploid cells, further undermines genomic stability and accelerates tumorigenesis.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2010 · Oncogene
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Randomized phase 3 trials have demonstrated the utility of a regimen of carboplatin plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in recurrent ovarian cancer, and have provided provocative data suggesting a substantially lower risk of carboplatin-associated hypersensitivity if PDL is delivered in combination with the platinum agent. To further examine both of these clinically-relevant issues, the survival outcome (with longer follow-up) and hypersensitivity reaction profile of a previously reported phase 3 trial that compared single agent carboplatin (AUC 5) to carboplatin (AUC 5) plus PLD (30 mg/m(2)) delivered on an every 4-week schedule in recurrent ovarian cancer (SWOG 0200) were re-analyzed. In the limited number of patients (n=61) entered into this phase 3 study before closure by the SWOG Data Safety and Monitoring Committee due to insufficient accrual, there was an initially reported improvement in outcome associated with the combination regimen. With longer follow-up and additional events there is still a statistically-significant improved progression-free survival (median: 12 versus 8 months, p=0.02), but the previously observed impact of the two-drug regimen on overall survival is no longer apparent (median: 31 versus 18 months; p=0.2). While no hypersensitivity reactions were reported in the carboplatin plus PLD arm (0/31), 9 of 30 patients (30%) of women randomized to single agent carboplatin experienced an allergic episode (p=0.0008), with 5 being >grade 2 in severity. Despite a favorable impact of carboplatin and PLD on progression-free survival in this trial, the effect on overall survival is not statistically significant. For currently unknown reasons, administering PLD with carboplatin appears to substantially reduce the incidence of platinum-associated hypersensitivity reactions.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNAs isolated from cervical and head and neck carcinomas frequently contain nucleotide sequence alterations in the viral upstream regulatory region (URR). Our study has addressed the role such sequence changes may play in the efficiency of establishing HPV persistence and altered keratinocyte growth. Genomic mapping of integrated HPV type 16 (HPV-16) genomes from 32 cervical cancers revealed that the viral E6 and E7 oncogenes, as well as the L1 region/URR, were intact in all of them. The URR sequences from integrated and unintegrated viral DNA were found to harbor distinct sets of nucleotide substitutions. A subset of the altered URRs increased the potential of HPV-16 to establish persistent, cell growth-altering viral-genome replication in the cell. This aggressive phenotype in culture was not solely due to increased viral early gene transcription, but also to augmented initial amplification of the viral genome. As revealed in a novel ori-dependent HPV-16 plasmid amplification assay, the altered motifs that led to increased viral transcription from the intact genome also greatly augmented HPV-16 ori function. The nucleotide sequence changes correlate with those previously described in the distinct geographical North American type 1 and Asian-American variants that are associated with more aggressive disease in epidemiologic studies and encompass, but are not limited to, alterations in previously characterized sites for the negative regulatory protein YY1. Our results thus provide evidence that nucleotide alterations in HPV regulatory sequences could serve as potential prognostic markers of HPV-associated carcinogenesis.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Journal of Virology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A SWOG/GOG phase 3 trial exploring the impact of 12-monthly cycles of paclitaxel given to patients with advanced ovarian cancer who achieved a complete response to primary chemotherapy was discontinued by the Data Safety and Monitoring Committee when a prospectively defined interim analysis revealed a highly statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS). At study closure, it was too early to assess the impact on overall survival. Patients (n=296) received either 3 or 12 monthly cycles of paclitaxel (175 mg/m(2) over 3 h). Of the 146 patients on the 3-cycle arm, 9 (6%) received >3 cycles. Median (12 versus 3 cycles; intention-to-treat analysis) updated PFS (all pts) 22 versus 14 months, p=0.006; overall survival (all pts) 53 versus 48 months, p=0.34. Twelve cycles of single agent maintenance paclitaxel significantly improves PFS. Explanations for the lack of a favorable influence on overall survival include: (a) treatment at relapse equalized outcome; (b) the sample size was insufficient to reveal a difference; (c) "crossover" of patients from 3 cycles to longer treatment masked a potential difference. An ongoing phase 3 trial will hopefully provide a definitive answer to the question of the impact of this maintenance strategy on overall survival.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the presence of high-risk HPV-16 in patients with HNSCC, assess the impact of HPV status on treatment response and survival in this select cohort treated with combined modality therapy and to identify the differences in HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression in HPV-positive and -negative tumors. Patients had resectable, untreated stage III, IV HNSCC of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hyopharynx or larynx, and stage II cancer of the base of tongue, hypopharynx and larynx. HPV status was determined by conventional PCR in fresh frozen biopsy samples and by Taqman PCR assay on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens. HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) based on HPV status. HPV-16 was detected in 14 of 24 evaluable cases. There were no significant differences in response rates after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (86% vs. 90%) in HPV-positive and HPV-negative patients, respectively. There was a trend toward better progression-free (HR=0.15, 95% CI=0.002-12.54; p=0.06) and overall survival (HR=0.14, 95% CI=0.001-14.12; p=0.10) for HPV-positive patients. In a subset of 13 fresh frozen samples, RT-PCR revealed a significant increase in VEGF mRNA levels in HPV-positive tumors (p<0.01). No difference was seen for HIF-1alpha expression. HPV presence portended a better prognosis in patients with oropharyngeal SCC treated with a multimodality treatment in a prospective clinical trial. The level of VEGF mRNA was up-regulated in HPV-16-positive tumors possibly through an HIF-1 independent manner.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Anticancer research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Host interactions with tumor cells contribute to tumor progression by several means. This study was done to determine whether mammary epithelium could interact with breast carcinoma by producing substances capable of inducing motility in the cancer cells. Conditioned medium of immortalized 184A1 mammary epithelium collected in serum-free conditions induced dose-dependent motility in the MCF-7 breast carcinoma cell line by both a semiquantitative scattering assay and a Boyden chamber assay. Purification of the motility factor revealed that it was laminin 332 (formerly laminin 5) by mass spectroscopy. A Western blot of the 184A1 conditioned medium using a polyclonal antibody confirmed the presence of laminin 332 in the conditioned medium. Blockage of the motility with antibodies to the laminin 332 and its receptor components, alpha(3) and beta(1) integrins, provided further evidence that tumor cell motility was caused by the laminin 332 in the conditioned medium. Invasion of MCF-7, BT-20, and MDA-MB-435 S was induced by purified laminin 332 and 184A1 conditioned medium and blocked by an anti-alpha(3) integrin antibody. Staining of carcinoma in situ from breast cancer specimens revealed that laminin 332 in the myoepithelium adjacent to the preinvasive cells provided a source of laminin 332 that could potentially encourage the earliest steps of stromal invasion. In metaplastic breast carcinomas, the presence of laminin 332-producing cells coexpressing alpha(3) integrin and the greater metastatic potential of tumors with higher laminin 332 levels suggest that laminin 332 expression is associated with aggressive features in these human breast cancers.
    No preview · Article · May 2009 · Molecular Cancer Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While primary cisplatin-based intraperitoneal chemotherapy has been shown to favorably impact survival in small-volume residual advanced ovarian cancer, there is a need to develop strategies that improve the effectiveness of this approach. A multi-center phase 2 trial was conducted that added intravenous pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (day 8; 30-40 mg/m(2)) to a regimen of intraperitoneal cisplatin (day 2; 75 mg/m(2)) and intravenous (day 1; 135 mg/m(2)) plus intraperitoneal (day 8; 60 mg/m(2)) paclitaxel. Treatment was initially delivered on an every 3-week schedule, but was modified to an every 4-week program due to excessive toxicity. Patients were to receive 6 cycles of this regimen. Of 68 patients entering this trial, 63 patients were eligible and evaluable, of whom 39 (62%) completed 6 cycles. Overall, 32 (51%) experienced at least 1 grade 4 or worse toxicity (most commonly hematologic) including 5 treatment-related deaths. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 25 months (2-year PFS: 52%) and median overall survival 51 months, an outcome similar to previous reports of cisplatin-based intraperitoneal chemotherapy in comparable patient populations. Seventeen patients (27% of all eligible patients) were without evidence of disease recurrence >4 years following entry into the trial. Both the overall trial outcome, and specifically the excessively severe systemic toxicity of this regimen would prevent its future development in this exact form. The provocative PFS in a subset of individuals should encourage the development of alternative strategies designed to optimize the delivery of regional therapy in ovarian cancer management.
    Full-text · Article · May 2009 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • M Oft · S Böhm · S P Wilczynski · T Iftner
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of HPV6 and HPV11 in benign condylomata or mild dysplasias has led to the view of HPV6/11 as rather harmless viruses in relation to carcinogenesis. However, the detection of HPV6/11 DNA in a number of individual cases of squamous-cell carcinomas of the anogenital/urinary tract could also point to a possible contribution of these viruses in the development of certain malignancies. Recently we have shown that the transcription of the E6 and E7 genes of HPV6 in benign anogenital condylomata is strictly confined to the basal cell layers of the epithelium, which express c-fos mRNA. This report describes the in situ hybridization analysis of individual mRNA species of HPV6 in 2 malignant tumours. A consistent feature of both carcinomas was the lack of detectable amounts of E6 mRNA, while the E7 mRNA was the major transcript observed. In situ hybridization with a riboprobe for c-fos revealed an expression pattern similar to that detected with the E7 probe. Hybridization with a probe specific for mRNA with a coding potential for a full-length E2 protein yielded weak signals in both carcinomas. Using restriction-enzyme analysis, we compared the long control region of HPV6 amplified by polymerase chain reaction from both tumours with already known HPV6 subtypes. In contrast to previous reports suggesting a correlation between genetic alterations in the long control region of HPV6 and increased malignant behaviour, our data do not support this hypothesis.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · International Journal of Cancer
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy prolongs survival in optimally reduced ovarian cancer patients. For patients in whom optimal debulking cannot be achieved, one could incorporate IP therapy post-operatively if the cancer was optimally debulked following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. We sought to evaluate overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), percent of patients optimally debulked and toxicity in patients treated with this strategy. Women with adenocarcinoma by biopsy or cytology with stage III/IV (pleural effusions only) epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal carcinoma that presented with bulky disease were treated with neoadjuvant intravenous (IV) paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 and carboplatin AUC 6 q 21 daysx3 cycles followed by surgery (if >/=50% decrease in CA125). If optimally debulked they received IV paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 and IP carboplatin AUC 5 (day 1) and IP paclitaxel 60 mg/m2 (day 8) q 28 daysx6 cycles. Sixty-two patients were registered. Four were ineligible. Fifty-six were evaluated for neoadjuvant chemotherapy toxicities. One patient died of pneumonia. Five patients had grade 4 toxicity, including neutropenia (3), anemia, leukopenia, anorexia, fatigue, muscle weakness, respiratory infection, and cardiac ischemia. Thirty-six patients had debulking surgery. Two had grade 4 hemorrhage. Twenty-six patients received post-cytoreduction chemotherapy. Four had grade 4 neutropenia. At a median follow-up of 21 months, median PFS is 21 months and median OS is 32 months for all 58 patients. PFS and OS for the 26 patients who received IV/IP chemotherapy is 29 and 34 months respectively. These results compare favorably with other studies of sub-optimally debulked patients.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In vitro testing of the activity of chemotherapeutic agents has been suggested as 1 method to optimally select drugs for patients with ovarian cancer. There are limited prospectively obtained data examining the clinical utility of this approach. We sought to obtain a preliminary assessment of this strategy in a trial that examined the administration of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical cytoreduction and intraperitoneal chemotherapy in women with advanced ovarian cancer. Women with stage III/IV epithelial ovarian carcinoma that presented with large-volume disease were treated with neoadjuvant intravenous paclitaxel and carboplatin for three 21-day cycles followed by cytoreductive surgery. If optimally debulked, patients received intravenous paclitaxel, intraperitoneal carboplatin and intraperitoneal paclitaxel for six 28-day cycles. Tumor cloning assay results (Oncotech) were correlated with progression-free survival. Sixty-two patients (58 eligible) were registered from March 2001 to February 2006. Thirty-six eligible patients had interval debulking and 26 received postcytoreduction chemotherapy. Twenty-two patients had tumor cloning assay results available. The clinical features of this population were similar to those of the larger group of women who entered this study. There was no difference in progression-free survival between patients whose cancers were defined as 'resistant' or 'nonresistant' to either platinum or paclitaxel. While the small patient numbers in this trial do not permit definitive conclusions, these data fail to provide support for the argument that prospectively obtained in vitro data regarding platinum or paclitaxel resistance will be highly predictive of clinical outcome in advanced ovarian cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2009 · Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have previously localized a cervical cancer tumor suppressor gene to a 300 kb interval of 11q13. Analysis of candidate genes revealed loss of expression of cystatin E/M, a lysosomal cysteine protease inhibitor, in 6 cervical cancer cell lines and 9 of 11 primary cervical tumors. Examination of the three exons in four cervical cancer cell lines, 19 primary tumors, and 21 normal controls revealed homozygous deletion of exon 1 sequences in one tumor. Point mutations were observed in six other tumors. Two tumors contained mutations at the consensus binding sites for cathepsin L, a lysosomal protease overexpressed in cervical cancer. Introduction of these two point mutations using site directed mutagenesis resulted in reduced binding of mutated cystatin E/M to cathepsin L. Although mutations were not observed in any cell lines, four cell lines and 12 of 18 tumors contained promoter hypermethylation. Reexpression of cystatin E/M was observed after 5'aza 2-deoxycytidiene and/or Trichostatin A treatment of cervical cancer cell lines, HeLa and SiHa, confirming promoter hypermethylation. Ectopic expression of cystatin E/M in these two cell lines resulted in growth suppression. There was also suppression of soft agar colony formation by HeLa cells expressing the cystatin E/M gene. Reexpression of cystatin E/M resulted in decreased intracellular and extracellular expression of cathepsin L. Overexpression of cathepsin L resulted in increased cell growth which was inhibited by the reintroduction of cystatin E/M. We conclude, therefore, that cystatin E/M is a cervical cancer suppressor gene and that the gene is inactivated by somatic mutations and promoter hypermethylation.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · Genes Chromosomes and Cancer
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast shows squamous, sarcomatous, or chondromatous differentiation and has a poor prognosis. Laminin 5 is a heterotrimer of alpha3, beta3, and gamma(2) [corrected] chains and induces aggressive properties in cancer cells including motility, invasion, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Twenty-five cases included 7 squamous, 4 sarcomatous, 8 chondroid, 1 fibromatosislike metaplastic carcinomas, and 5 cases with 2 metaplastic components. Tumors were stained with laminin 5-specific beta3 and gamma(2) [corrected] chain, p63, and cytokeratin 5/6 (CK 5/6) antibodies. All 4 antibodies stained normal myoepithelium. Both laminin 5 antibodies stained 24/25 (96%) of the tumors, with an identical distribution of the 2 chains in 87.5% of the positively staining cases. In contrast, p63 and CK 5/6 stained 68% and 64% of the tumors, respectively. By comparison, only 16% of high-grade carcinoma controls stained for laminin 5. Similar to the metaplastic carcinomas, all 12 triple negative tumors, those negative for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and Her2/neu, expressed laminin 5. None of 4 breast sarcomas stained for either of the laminin 5 chains or CK 5/6, but 1 (25%) stained for p63. Laminin 5 expression in metaplastic and other basal-like carcinomas is of interest for several reasons. First, these data provide additional evidence of the myoepithelial and basal-like phenotype of these carcinomas. Second, these are the only breast carcinoma subtypes to demonstrate laminin 5 staining in a large proportion of cases. Third, expression of laminin 5 in metaplastic carcinomas may suggest a mechanism for their increased aggressiveness and epithelial to mesenchymal transition phenotype. Finally, compared with other myoepithelial markers, laminin 5 is more sensitive than those previously published. Thus laminin 5 may be helpful for making the diagnosis of metaplastic carcinomas in biopsies, allowing the potential for aggressive early treatment. Further study of other basal-like tumors for laminin 5 expression is warranted to determine the usefulness of laminin 5 in their diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · American Journal of Surgical Pathology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Because debate continues over the role of combination, platinum-based chemotherapy for platinum-sensitive (PS), recurrent ovarian cancer (OC), we compared overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), confirmed complete response rate and time to treatment failure in this population. Patients with recurrent stage III or IV OC, a progression-free and platinum-free interval of 6-24 months after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy and up to 12 courses of a non-platinum containing consolidation treatment were eligible. Patients were randomized to i.v. pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) (30 mg/m2) plus i.v. carboplatin (AUC=5 mg/mL min) once every 4 weeks (PLD arm) or i.v. carboplatin alone (AUC=5 mg/mL min) once every 4 weeks. The PLD arm enrolled 31 patients and the carboplatin alone arm 30 for a total of 61 patients out of 900 planned. Response rates were 67% for the PLD arm and 32% for the carboplatin only arm (Fisher's exact p=0.02). The estimated median PFS was 12 and 8 months for PLD versus carboplatin alone. The estimated median OS on the PLD arm was 26 months and 18 months on the carboplatin only arm (p=0.02). Twenty-six percent of the patients on the PLD arm reported grade 4 toxicities, all hematological in nature. This study was closed early because of slow patient accrual. The response rate, median PFS and OS results are intriguing. These data suggest that there may be an advantage to the PLD plus carboplatin combination treatment in patients with PS, recurrent OC. The regimen should be further tested.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Source
    Ana Maria López · Alberts DS · Liu PY · Wilczynski S · Clouser M · Lange M · Wade J · Markman

    Full-text · Conference Paper · Oct 2007
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We recently reported characterization of 25 clones isolated from a phage library displaying human scFvs using a neoglycolipid Man3-DPPE, which was synthesized from mannotriose (Man3) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DPPE). Of those, 5A3 scFv was successfully expressed and purified as a humanized scFv-Fc form (Sakai et al., Biochemistry 46:253, 2007, Zhang et al. ibid 263). To carry out immunohistochemistry (IHC) in human tissues, a HA tag sequence was introduced to the 5A3 scFv-Fc gene and the resulting construct was transfected to murine myeloma NS0 cells. The 5A3 scFv-Fc protein expressed was affinity-purified. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under nonreducing and reducing conditions and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirmed that 5A3 scFv-Fc protein is dimeric and retained the ability to recognize nonreducing terminal mannose residues. IHC staining of non-neoplastic tissues by this recombinant antibody revealed that no immunoreactivity was detectable in most of 16 tissues examined. Exceptions were found in IHC staining of kidney and pancreas, which demonstrated clear staining of proximal tubules and islet of Langerhans, respectively. These results demonstrated that nonreducing terminal mannose residues are not usually present under normal physiological conditions. This study thus provided a potentially useful tool for examination of the nonreducing terminal mannose residues, which may become exposed under certain pathophysiologycal conditions.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Bioscience trends
  • D.S. ALBERTS · P.Y. LIU · S.P. WILCZYNSKI · A Jang · J Moon · J.H. WARD · J.T. BECK · M Clouser · M Markman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Platinum-resistant ovarian cancer continues to be a difficult therapeutic problem. Clearly, molecularly targeted agents should be evaluated in this patient population. Patients were eligible for this phase II study with stage III or IV ovarian cancer, whose tumor expressed Kit (CD117) or platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) and with relapse of measurable disease within 6 months of completing frontline, platinum- and taxane-based chemotherapy. Patients were treated daily with 400 mg of imatinib mesylate orally. It was assumed that the agent would be of no further interest if the population response rate was less than 10%. A two-stage design was used for patient accrual. A total of 34 patients were registered to the study. Of these, 15 were found to be ineligible or not evaluable (8 because their tumor samples were negative for both DC117 and PDGFR). Of 19 evaluable patients, 2 (11%) tested positively for c-Kit and 17 (89%) tested positively for PDGFR. There were no objective responders. Thirteen patients (68%) had increasing disease or symptomatic deterioration, and six (32%) went off protocol during the first month due to adverse events. Median progression-free survival was 2 months (95% CI 1-3 months) and median overall survival was 10 months (95% CI 6-18 months). Eleven percent of patients experienced grade 4 hematologic/metabolic toxicity and 37% experienced grade 3 nonhematologic toxicity. We conclude that imatinib mesylate as a single agent does not appear to have useful clinical activity in c-Kit and/or PDGFR positive, recurrent ovarian cancer in heavily pretreated patients with ovarian cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer

Publication Stats

4k Citations
449.30 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1991-2014
    • City of Hope National Medical Center
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Division of Anatomic Pathology
      • • Department of Surgery
      Дуарте, California, United States
  • 2012
    • Beckman Research Institute
      Дуарте, California, United States
  • 2003
    • Texas A&M University - Galveston
      Galveston, Texas, United States
  • 1988-2001
    • University of California, Irvine
      • • Division of General Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
      Irvine, California, United States
  • 1997
    • Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
      • Division of Gynecologic Oncology
      Springfield, Illinois, United States
  • 1995-1997
    • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
      • Division of Hematology and Oncology
      Los Ángeles, California, United States
    • National Cancer Institute (USA)
      • Laboratory of Cell Biology
      베서스다, Maryland, United States