Publications (2)3.84 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To study the role of epilepsy surgery for patients with focal lesions who exhibited the semiology of clinically generalised seizures. From our epilepsy surgery series, we identified 29 patients who underwent surgery for seizures, including certain types of generalised seizures, according to their ictal semiology. We systematically reviewed the brain imaging, video-EEG, surgical operation, and pathological findings data of these patients. All patients had at least one type of generalised seizure according to the semiology; these seizures included epileptic spasms, myoclonic seizures, tonic seizures, atonic seizures and atypical absence seizures. Eight patients had a single type of seizure, 11 patients had two types of seizures, and 10 patients had more than two types of seizures. In addition to symptomatic generalised seizures, complex partial seizures were also recorded in eight patients. In 24 patients, the ictal semiology showed slight asymmetric movements in certain types of seizures. Generalised interictal epileptic discharges were recorded in 24 patients; and generalised ictal epileptic discharges as the only EEG pattern were recorded in 13 patients. Intracranial recording was performed in 20 patients; 10 of whom showed a rhythm of fast activities at the initiation of the seizures. Functional hemispherectomy was performed for three patients with hemispheric lesions. Focal resection of the epileptogenic zone was performed in 26 patients. The resected epileptogenic zones involved a single lobe in 10 patients, two lobes in 11 patients, and three lobes in 5 patients; the parietal lobe was the most commonly involved lobe (in 19 cases). Scar lesions (in 17 patients) were most commonly observed on pathological examination. At the last follow-up (mean 18±8.3 months, range 12-48), 17 (58.6%) patients were seizure-free. Certain patients with local brain lesions can have seizures with specific types of generalised semiology. An appropriate operation may be helpful for a portion of these patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To review and compare the preoperative characteristics and postsurgical outcomes in paediatric and adult patients who underwent surgical resections from 2001 to 2009. Combined data from noninvasive measures such as ictal semiology, interictal/ictal scalp EEGs, MRI and SPECT were utilised to identify the epileptogenic zones (EZ). When noninvasive investigations produced inconclusive or inconsistent findings, patients underwent intracranial EEG monitoring. Resective micro-surgical procedures were conducted according to the results of the anatomo-electro-clinical investigations and were carried out to remove the EZ. We then followed up 222 paediatric (≤18 years old) and 100 adult patients (≥19 years old) for 1-9 years postoperatively. The mean age of seizure onset in paediatric group was significantly lower than that in adult group. 95 (43%) of the paediatric and 42 (42%) of the adult patients required long-term intracranial EEG recording. 54 (24.3%) of the paediatric and 62 (62%) of the adult patients were found to have temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), while 149 (67.1%) of the paediatric and 37 (37.0%) of the adult patients had extra-temporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE) (p=0.000). 19 (8.6%) of the paediatric patients and 1 (1%) adult patient had hemispheric lesions (p=0.009). 148 (66.7%) of the paediatric and 61 (61.0%) of the adult patients were seizure-free during the follow-up period. 17 of 19 (89.5%) children who underwent hemispherectomy were seizure-free. In both paediatric and adult groups, the surgical outcome for patients with TLE was significantly better than that of patients with ETLE (p=0.018 in children, p=0.029 in adults). Both the location of EZs and seizure-free ratio were significantly different (p<0.001) between the preadolescent (≤12 years old) and adolescent (13-18 years old) group. Hippocampal sclerosis was the most common pathologic finding in patients with TLE in both groups, and was followed by focal cortical dysplasia. In patients with TLE, the proportion of tumour was significantly higher in the paediatric than the adult group (25.9% vs. 10%, p=0.021). Paediatric patients with refractory seizures had more extratemporal or hemispheric resectable epileptogenic foci and fewer temporal foci than adults. Our study demonstrates that resective surgery is an effective and safe early intervention in strictly selected paediatric patients with refractory epilepsy.
Xuanwu hospitalPeping, Beijing, China