W Scott Campbell

University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, United States

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Publications (4)10.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Digital whole slide imaging (WSI) is a diagnostic modality that has gained acceptance as a tool for use in some areas of surgical pathology such as remote consultations. Accurate control of color representation of digitally rendered images of histologic sections is considered an important parameter of WSI. Currently, professional societies, physicians, and other stakeholders are in the process of establishing clinical guidelines outlining the use of these devices, which include color integrity and color calibration of scanners and viewing devices. Although color is a component of surgical pathology diagnoses, it was posited that pathologists could accurately diagnose surgical specimens without color. To test this hypothesis, 5 pathologists were presented breast biopsy specimens from 20 patients consisting of 22 separate tissue specimens and WSI of 158 hematoxylin and eosin-stained slides imaged at ×20. No special stains were included. The pathologists reviewed each case using a 16-bit grayscale monitor and rendered a diagnosis for each case. Diagnoses were compared to the original light microscopy diagnoses and scored for concordance. A 92.7% concordance was observed. Discordant diagnoses represented well-known areas of diagnostic disagreement in breast pathology as well as known limitations of WSI. The research demonstrated that surgical pathologists did not rely primarily on color to render accurate diagnoses of breast biopsy cases but rather used architectural features of tissue and cellular morphology to reach a diagnostic conclusion. This research did not suggest that color is an unimportant factor in pathology diagnosis, but its importance may be overstated.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Human pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this research was to determine test intervals between intraoperator case reviews to minimize the impact of recall. Three pathologists were presented with a group of 120 slides and subsequently challenged with a study set of 120 slides after 2-week and 4-week intervals. The challenge set consisted of 60 slides seen during the initial review and 60 slides previously unseen within the study. Pathologists rendered a diagnosis for each slide and indicated whether they recalled seeing the slide previously (yes/no). Two weeks after having been shown 60 cases from a challenge set of 120 cases, the pathologists correctly remembered 26, 22, and 24 cases or 40% overall. After 4 weeks, the pathologists correctly recalled 31% of cases previously seen. Pathologists were capable of recalling from memory cases seen previously at 2 and 4 weeks. Recall rates may be sufficiently high to affect intraobserver study design. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the diagnostic accuracy of whole slide imaging (WSI) in breast needle biopsy diagnosis in comparison with standard light microscopy (LM). The study examined the effects of image capture magnification and computer monitor quality on diagnostic concordance of WSI and LM. Four pathologists rendered diagnoses using WSI to examine 85 breast biopsies (92 parts; 786 slides) consisting of benign and malignant cases. Each WSI case was evaluated using images captured at either 20x or 40x magnifications and viewed using a DICOM grade, color-calibrated monitor or a standard, desktop LCD monitor. For each combination, the WSI result was compared to the original, LM diagnosis. The overall concordance rate observed between WSI and LM was 97.1% (95% CI:94.3%-98.5%). After a washout period, all cases were reviewed a second time by each pathologist after using LM, and the second LM diagnosis was compared to the WSI diagnosis rendered by the same pathologist. Intraobserver concordance between WSI and LM was 95.4% (95% CI:92.2%- 97.4%). The second LM diagnoses were also compared to the original LM diagnoses, and the observed interobserver LM concordance rate was 97.3% (95% CI:93.1% -99.0%). The study data demonstrated that breast needle biopsy diagnoses rendered by WSI were equivalent to diagnoses rendered by LM. No diagnostic differences were detected between the underlying viewing system parameters of monitor quality and image capture resolution. The results of this study demonstrated that WSI can be effectively utilized in subspecialty diagnostic cases where a minimum amount of tissue is available.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Human pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The use of high-resolution digital images of histopathology slides as a routine diagnostic tool for surgical pathology was investigated. The study purpose was to determine the diagnostic concordance between pathologic interpretations using whole-slide imaging and standard light microscopy. Two hundred fifty-one consecutive surgical pathology cases (312 parts, 1085 slides) from a single pathology service were included in the study after cases had been signed out and reports generated. A broad array of diagnostic challenges and tissue sources were represented, including 52 neoplastic cases. All cases were digitized at ×20 and presented to 2 pathologists for diagnosis using whole-slide imaging as the sole diagnostic tool. Diagnoses rendered by the whole-slide imaging pathologists were compared with the original light microscopy diagnoses. Overall concordance between whole-slide imaging and light microscopy as determined by a third pathologist and jury panel was 96.5% (95% confidence interval, 94.8%-98.3%). Concordance between whole-slide imaging pathologists was 97.7% (95% confidence interval, 94.7%-99.2%). Five cases were discordant between the whole-slide imaging diagnosis and the original light microscopy diagnosis, of which 2 were clinically significant. Discordance resulted from interpretive criteria or diagnostic error. The whole-slide imaging modality did not contribute to diagnostic differences. Problems encountered by the whole-slide imaging pathologists primarily involved the inability to clearly visualize nuclear detail or microscopic organisms. Technical difficulties associated with image scanning required at least 1 slide be rescanned in 13% of the cases. Technical and operational issues associated with whole-slide imaging scanning devices used in this study were found to be the most significant obstacle to the use of whole-slide imaging in general surgical pathology.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · Human pathology