[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pancreatitis is an inflammatory state of the pancreas, for which high-performing serological biomarkers are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of affinity proteomics for identifying potential markers of disease and stratifying pancreatitis subtypes.
High-content, recombinant antibody microarrays were applied for serum protein expression profiling of 113 serum samples from patients with chronic, acute, and autoimmune pancreatitis, as well as healthy controls. The sample groups were compared using supervised classification based on support vector machine analysis.
This discovery study showed that pancreatitis subtypes could be discriminated with high accuracy. Using unfiltered data, the individual subtypes, as well as the combined pancreatitis cohort, were distinguished from healthy controls with high AUC values (0.96–1.00). Moreover, characteristic protein patterns and AUC values in the range of 0.69–0.95 were observed for the individual pancreatitis entities when compared to each other, and to all other samples combined.
This study demonstrated the potential of the antibody microarray approach for stratification of pancreatitis. Distinct candidate multiplex serum biomarker signatures for chronic, acute, and autoimmune pancreatitis were defined, which could enhance our fundamental knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms, and potentially lead to improved diagnosis.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · PROTEOMICS - CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive disease with poor prognosis, due, in part, to the lack of disease-specific biomarkers that could afford early and accurate diagnosis. With a recombinant antibody microarray platform, targeting mainly immunoregulatory proteins, we screened sera from 148 patients with pancreatic cancer, chronic pancreatitis, autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), and healthy controls (N). Serum biomarker signatures were derived from training cohorts and the predictive power was evaluated using independent test cohorts. The results identified serum portraits distinguishing pancreatic cancer from N [receiver operating characteristics area under the curve (AUC) of 0.95], chronic pancreatitis (0.86), and AIP (0.99). Importantly, a 25-serum biomarker signature discriminating pancreatic cancer from the combined group of N, chronic pancreatitis, and AIP was determined. This signature exhibited a high diagnostic potential (AUC of 0.88). In summary, we present the first prevalidated, multiplexed serum biomarker signature for diagnosis of pancreatic cancer that may improve diagnosis and prevention in premalignant diseases and in screening of high-risk individuals.