[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We compared the two sources of adipose and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs and AMSCs ) in multiple differentiation capacity and biological characteristics to provide a theoretical basis for stem cells transplantation. We isolated bone marrow- and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and compared their phenotype,cell doubling time, the secretion of factors and their ability of multi-differentiation. We also compared their differences in T lymphocyte activation, proliferation and suppression. BMSCs and AMSCs were similar in cell phenotype and the differences existed only in the expression of CD106. On the proliferation rate, AMSCs were faster than BMSCs (doubling time 28 vs. 39 h). In addition, both of these two sources of cells were able to differentiate into bone, fat and cartilage that proved their stem cells properties and the number of stem cell progenitors (CFU-F) from adipose tissue were 10 times larger than those from bone marrow. But AMSCs showed a diminished capacity for suppressing T lymphocyte proliferation and activation compared to BMSCs. Cell origin and abundance were decisive factors in stem cells applications and, in the same volume, with the same premise of AMSCs and BMSCs, adipose tissue is a more promising source of stem cells.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Cell and Tissue Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A high level of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is associated with human tumor invasion and/or metastasis. The HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cell line is highly invasive and metastatic which constitutively express MMP-9.
HT1080 cells transfected with a double stranded RNA that targeted the MMP-9 mRNA and the cellular characteristics were examined before and after interference. The inhibition effects of MMP-9 interference on the tumor growth of HT1080 cells in nude mice was also tested by xenograft assay.
MMP-9 extinction in HT1080 resulted in the following: (1) inhibited cell mobility; (2) increased cell adhesion, and (3) attenuated tumor cell migration. In addition, MMP-9 knockdown concomitantly resulted in decreased levels of soluble ICAM-1, leading to an adhesion defect and tumor metastasis. Moreover, in vivo assay further demonstrated MMP-9 interference affecting the tumorigenesis of HT1080 cells in mice as follows (1) inhibition of tumor growth; (2) reduced tumor volume, and (3) prolonged survival time.
Our observations defined a novel critical role for MMP-9 in the progression of HT1080 fibrosarcoma by changing the inter-cellular adhesion molecular-1 from membrane-anchored state to a soluble one which provides a target for promising tumor therapy in clinics.
No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Clinical laboratory