Seok-Yong Choi

Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea

Are you Seok-Yong Choi?

Claim your profile

Publications (27)93.52 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Doublecortin (DCX) and tubulin play critical roles in neuronal migration. DCX mutations usually cause anterior dominant lissencephaly in males and subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) in females. We used whole-exome sequencing to investigate causative gene variants in a large family with late-childhood-onset focal epilepsy and anterior dominant pachygyria without SBH in both genders. Two potential variants were found for the genes encoding DCX and beta tubulin isotype 1 (TUBB1). The novel DCX mutation (p.D90G, NP_000546.2) appeared to be a major causative variant, whereas the novel mutation of TUBB1 (p.R62fsX, NP_110400.1) was found only in patients with more-severe intellectual disability after gender matching. We report an unusual DCX-related disorder exhibiting familial pachygyria without SBH in both genders.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Brain & development
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-dependent endopeptidases that remodel and degrade the extracellular matrix. Of various MMPs, MMP-2 plays an important role in tumor metastasis. Recently, microRNAs with pro- or anti-metastatic effects were collectively referred to as metastamiRs. We screened 215 human miRNA mimics for modulators of MMP-2 activities in HT-1080 cells, and found that miR-105 and miR-128 promote MMP-2 activities. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that miR-105 and miR-128 both bind to the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of TIMP-2, an inhibitor of MMP-2 activities. This prediction was verified by reduced luciferase activity in HT-1080 cells co-transfected with miR-105 or miR-128 mimics and plasmids encoding luciferase fused to 3′ UTR of TIMP2. In addition, Western blotting showed that transfection of HT-1080 cells with miR-105 or miR-128 suppressed TIMP-2 levels and enhanced levels of MT1-MMP, an activator of MMP-2 activities. The mechanism by which miR-128 upregulates MT1-MMP was determined to be downregulation of PRKD1, an inhibitor of MT1-MMP, at least in part. Cell invasion assays using Matrigel demonstrated that HT-1080 cells transfected with miR-105 or miR-128 are more invasive as compared to control cells. Taken together, these findings show that miR-105 and miR-128 are metastamir promoting MMP-2 activities via simultaneously downregulating TIMP-2 and upregulating MT1-MMP, and may provide a platform for the development of therapeutics against metastasis. © 2015 The Genetics Society of Korea and Springer-Science and Media
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Genes & genomics

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Nov 2015

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Oct 2015

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Sep 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To identify and characterize genetic mutation in a Korean family with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1 (LGMD1), we analyzed in the affected family members clinical features, DNAJB6 by Sanger sequencing, muscle structures by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and functional consequences of the identified mutation using a zebrafish model. The clinical phenotypes along with identification of a novel c.271T > C (p.(Phe91Leu)) mutation in DNAJB6 led to the diagnosis of LGMD1D in the affected family members. This mutation presents unique clinical and radiological features compared with other DNAJB6 mutants. All affected members examined showed reduced pulmonary function, and had nasal voice and dysphagia except the two members who were thirteen and twelve years of age at the time of examination. Muscle phenotypes developed between 8 and 11 years of age and were more severe as compared to previously reported LGMD1D patients with mutant DNAJB6. Patients' MRI scans exhibited early involvement of the lateral head of gastrocnemius, in contrast to its late involvement in reported LGMD1D cases. Functional study using zebrafish embryos demonstrated that p.Phe91Leu elicits more severe muscle defects than the reported p.Phe93Leu and p.Pro96Arg mutations. We conclude that a novel p.(Phe91Leu) mutation in DNAJB6 is associated with severe childhood-onset LGMD1D.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Neuromuscular Disorders
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Zebrafish models have recently been highlighted as a valuable tool in studying the molecular basis of neuromuscular diseases and developing new pharmacological treatments. Needle electromyography (EMG) is needed not only for validating transgenic zebrafish models with muscular dystrophies (MD), but also for assessing the efficacy of therapeutics. However, performing needle EMG on larval zebrafish has not been feasible due to the lack of proper EMG sensors and systems for such small animals. We introduce a new type of EMG needle electrode to measure intramuscular activities of larval zebrafish, together with a method to hold the animal in position during EMG, without anesthetization. The silicon-based needle electrode was found to be sufficiently strong and sharp to penetrate the skin and muscles of zebrafish larvae, and its shape and performance did not change after multiple insertions. Using the proposed needle electrode and measurement system, EMG was successfully performed on zebrafish at 30 days post fertilization (dpf) and at 5 dpf. Burst patterns and spike morphology of the recorded EMG signals were analyzed. The measured single spikes were triphasic with an initial positive deflection, which is typical for motor unit action potentials, with durations of approximately 10 ms, while the muscle activity was silent during the anesthetized condition. These findings confirmed the capability of this system of detecting EMG signals from very small animals such as 5 dpf zebrafish. The developed EMG sensor and system are expected to become a helpful tool in validating zebrafish MD models and further developing therapeutics. Copyright © 2015, Journal of Neurophysiology.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Neurophysiology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutations in genes that are part of the splicing machinery for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), including MDS without ring sideroblasts (RS), have been widely investigated. The effects of these mutations on clinical outcomes have been diverse and contrasting. We examined a cohort of 129 de novo MDS patients, who did not harbor RS, for mutations affecting three spliceosomal genes (SF3B1, U2AF1, and SRSF2). The mutation rates of SF3B1, U2AF1, and SRSF2 were 7.0 %, 7.8 %, and 10.1 %, respectively. Compared with previously reported results, these rates were relatively infrequent. The SRSF2 mutation strongly correlated with old age (P < 0.001), while the mutation status of SF3B1 did not affect overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transformation. In contrast, MDS patients with mutations in U2AF1 or SRSF2 exhibited inferior PFS. The U2AF1 mutation was associated with inferior OS in low-risk MDS patients (P = 0.035). The SRSF2 mutation was somewhat associated with AML transformation (P = 0.083). Our findings suggest that the frequencies of the SF3B1, U2AF1, and SRSF2 splicing gene mutations in MDS without RS were relatively low. We also demonstrated that the U2AF1 and SRSF2 mutations were associated with an unfavorable prognostic impact in MDS patients without RS.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · BMC Cancer
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Urine is an important source for the detection of infections caused by CMV in stem cell transplant patients. Currently, there is no agreement about the type of urine specimen. In order to investigate which is the better specimen type for quantitative detection of CMV, we compared the results from urine supernatant and sediment from the same patients. Seventy urine specimens were collected from patients with hematological disorders or solid tumors. After performing shell vial culture, residual urine specimens were centrifuged. Then, 10 mL of each urine supernatant and sediment were taken and immediately frozen at -70 degrees C. Afterwards, archived urine specimens were thawed at room temperature and CMV-quantitative PCR was performed on both the supernatant and sediment fraction of urine. The results from each patient were reviewed for CMV antigenemia, blood shell vial culture, CMV-IgM or IgG, and clinical symptoms. CMV-qPCR results for the urine sediment fraction revealed a significant difference (p = 0.012) between the active CMV infection group and the latent CMV infection group. In addition, receiver operating characteristic curves for active CMV infection revealed that CMV-qPCR using urine sediment produced more accurate results than urine supernatant. These findings suggest that the sediment fraction of urine is a more suitable specimen in CMV-qPCR testing.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Clinical laboratory
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The proliferating activity of a single leukemia stem cell and the molecular mechanisms for their quiescent property remain unknown, and also their prognostic value remains a matter of debate. Therefore, this study aimed to demonstrate the quiescence property and molecular signature of leukemia stem cell and their clinicopathological implications. Single cell sorting and culture were performed in the various sets of hematopoietic stem cells including CD34+CD38- acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell population (ASCs) from a total of 60 patients with AML, and 11 healthy controls. Their quiescence related-molecular signatures and clinicopathological parameters were evaluated in AML patients. Single cell plating efficiency of ASCs was significantly lower (8.6%) than those of normal hematopoietic stem cells i.e.: cord blood, 79.0%; peripheral blood, 45.3%; and bone marrow stem cell, 31.1%. Members of the TGFβ super-family signaling pathway were most significantly decreased; as well as members of the Wnt, Notch, pluripotency maintenance and hedgehog pathways, compared with non ASC populations. mtDNA copy number of ASCs was significantly lower than that of corresponding other cell populations. However, our data couldn't support the prognostic value of the ASCs in AML. ASCs showed remarkable lower plating efficiency and slower dividing properties at the single cell level. This quiescence is represented as a marked decrease in the mtDNA copy number and also linked with down-regulation of genes in various molecular pathways.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · BMC Cancer

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Dec 2014

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Nov 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are increasingly implicated in the modulation of the progression of various cancers. We previously observed that KITENIN (KAI1 C-terminal interacting tetraspanin) is highly expressed in sporadic human colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and that the functional KITENIN complex acts to promote progression of CRC. However, it remains unknown which microRNAs target KITENIN and whether KITENIN-targeting microRNAs modulate CRC cell motility and colorectal tumorigenesis. Here, through bioinformatic analyses and functional studies, we showed that miR-124, miR-27a, and miR-30b negatively regulate KITENIN expression and suppress the migration and invasion of several CRC cell lines via modulation of KITENIN expression. Through in vitro and in vivo induction of mature microRNAs using a tetracycline-inducible system, miR-124 was found to effectively inhibit the invasion of CT-26 colon adenocarcinoma cells and tumor growth in a syngeneic mouse xenograft model. Constitutive overexpression of precursor miR-124 in CT-26 cells suppressed in vivo tumorigenicity and resulted in decreased expression of KITENIN as well as that of MYH9 and SOX9, which are targets of miR-124. Thus, our findings identify that KITENIN-targeting miR-124, miR-27a, and miR-30b function as endogenous inhibitors of CRC cell motility and demonstrate that miR-124 among KITENIN-targeting microRNAs plays a suppressor role in colorectal tumorigenesis.Molecular Therapy (2014); doi:10.1038/mt.2014.105.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Molecular Therapy
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alexander disease (AxD) is an astrogliopathy that primarily affects the white matter of the central nervous system (CNS). AxD is caused by mutations in a gene encoding GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein). The GFAP mutations in AxD have been reported to act in a gain-of-function manner partly because the identified mutations generate practically full-length GFAP. We found a novel nonsense mutation (c.1000 G>T, p.(Glu312Ter); also termed p.(E312*)) within a rod domain of GFAP in a 67-year-old Korean man with a history of memory impairment and leukoencephalopathy. This mutation, GFAP p.(E312*), removes part of the 2B rod domain and the whole tail domain from the GFAP. We characterized GFAP p.(E312*) using western blotting, in vitro assembly and sedimentation assay, and transient transfection of human adrenal cortex carcinoma SW13 (Vim(+)) cells with plasmids encoding GFAP p.(E312*). The GFAP p.(E312*) protein, either alone or in combination with wild-type GFAP, elicited self-aggregation. In addition, the assembled GFAP p.(E312*) aggregated into paracrystal-like structures, and GFAP p.(E312*) elicited more GFAP aggregation than wild-type GFAP in the human adrenal cortex carcinoma SW13 (Vim(+)) cells. Our findings are the first report, to the best of our knowledge, on this novel nonsense mutation of GFAP that is associated with AxD and paracrystal formation.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 23 April 2014; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2014.68.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · European journal of human genetics: EJHG
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gout is characterized by episodes of intense joint inflammation in response to intra-articular monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystals. miR-155 is crucial for the proinflammatory activation of human myeloid cells and antigen-driven inflammatory arthritis. The functional role of miR-155 in acute gouty arthritis has not been defined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the role of miR-155 in pathogenesis of acute gouty arthritis. Samples from 14 patients with acute gouty arthritis and 10 healthy controls (HCs) were obtained. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMCs) were cultured in vitro with MSU crystals, and gene expression (human miR-155 and SHIP-1) were assessed by real-time PCR. THP-1 cells were stimulated by MSU crystals and/or miR-155 transfection and then subjected to Western blot analysis. Levels of human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL)-1beta in cell culture supernatants were measured by Luminex. Immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin-fixed gout tissues with anti-SHIP-1 antibody. A C57BL/6J male mouse model of gout was used to analyze the expressions of miR-155, SHIP-1, and inflammatory cytokines. The samples from gouty arthritis were highly enriched in miR-155, with levels of expression being higher than those found in PBMC from HC. Treatment of the cells with MSU crystals strongly induced miR-155. In addition, overexpression of miR-155 in the cells decreased levels of SHIP-1 and promoted production of MSU-induced proinflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha and IL-1beta. Consistent with in vitro observations, miR-155 expression was elevated in the mouse model of gout. The production of inflammatory cytokines was markedly increased in MSU crystal induced peritonitis mice. Overexpression of miR-155 in the gouty SFMC leads to suppress SHIP-1 levels and enhance proinflammatory cytokines.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Arthritis research & therapy
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Loss-of-function mutations in angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3) cause familial hypobetalipoproteinemia type 2 (FHBL2) in humans. ANGPTL3 belongs to the angiopoietin-like family, the vascular endothelial growth factor family that is structurally similar to angiopoietins and is known for a regulator of lipid and glucose metabolism, although it is unclear how mutations in ANGPTL3 lead to defect in liver development in the vertebrates. We report here that angptl3 is primarily expressed in the zebrafish developing liver and that morpholino (MO) knockdown of Angptl3 reduces the size of the developing liver, which is caused by suppression of cell proliferation, but not by enhancement of apoptosis. However, MO knockdown of Angptl3 did not alter angiogenesis in the developing liver. Additionally, disruption of zebrafish Angptl3 elicits the hypocholesterolemia phenotype that is characteristic of FHBL2 in humans. Together, our findings propose a novel role for Angptl3 in liver cell proliferation and maintenance during zebrafish embryogenesis. Finally, angptl3 morphants will serve as a good model for understanding the pathophysiology of FHBL2.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In response to microbial infection, expression of the defensin-like peptide hepcidin (encoded by Hamp) is induced in hepatocytes to decrease iron release from macrophages. To elucidate the mechanism by which Salmonella enterica var. Typhimurium (S. typhimurium), an intramacrophage bacterium, alters host iron metabolism for its own survival, we examined the role of nuclear receptor family members belonging to the NR3B subfamily in mouse hepatocytes. Here, we report that estrogen-related receptor γ (ERRγ, encoded by Esrrg) modulates the intramacrophage proliferation of S. typhimurium by altering host iron homeostasis, and we demonstrate an antimicrobial effect of an ERRγ inverse agonist. Hepatic ERRγ expression was induced by S. typhimurium-stimulated interleukin-6 signaling, resulting in an induction of hepcidin and eventual hypoferremia in mice. Conversely, ablation of ERRγ mRNA expression in liver attenuated the S. typhimurium-mediated induction of hepcidin and normalized the hypoferremia caused by S. typhimurium infection. An inverse agonist of ERRγ ameliorated S. typhimurium-mediated hypoferremia through reduction of ERRγ-mediated hepcidin mRNA expression and exerted a potent antimicrobial effect on the S. typhimurium infection, thereby improving host survival. Taken together, these findings suggest an alternative approach to control multidrug-resistant intracellular bacteria by modulating host iron homeostasis.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Nature medicine
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding 21–23 nucleotide RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation. They control various cellular processes, one of which is tumorigenesis. miRNAs have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common primary liver cancer. To find yet-to-be-identified miRNAs associated with HCC tumorigenesis, we resected HCC and adjacent non-tumor liver tissues from patients and excluded liver tissues harboring fibrosis from further analysis. We then carried out miRNA microarray analysis with miRNAs extracted from the tissues. Sixteen miRNAs displayed a significant change in expression levels between non-tumor and HCC liver tissues. To validate the microarray findings, we transfected HEK293 cells with miR-128 alone or miR-128 and plasmid encoding luciferase fused to the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of E2F3, a predicted target of miR-128. As expected, miR-128 downregulated luciferase activities of E2F3 3′UTR fused to luciferase, confirming that E2F3 is a target gene of miR-128. Identification of miRNAs dysregulated in non-cirrhotic HCC will further the understanding of the pathogenesis of non-cirrhotic HCC.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Genes & genomics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is the unintentional byproduct of various industrial processes, is classified as human carcinogen and could disrupt reproductive, developmental and endocrine systems. Induction of cyp1a1 is used as an indicator of TCDD exposure. We sought to determine tissues that are vulnerable to TCDD toxicity using a transgenic zebrafish (Danio rerio) model. We inserted a nuclear enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (EGFP) into the start codon of a zebrafish cyp1a gene in a fosmid clone using DNA recombineering. The resulting recombineered fosmid was then used to generate cyp1a reporter zebrafish, embryos of which were exposed to TCDD. Expression pattern of EGFP in the reporter zebrafish mirrored that of endogenous cyp1a mRNA. In addition, exposure of the embryos to TCDD at as low as 10pM for 72h, which does not elicit morphological abnormalities of embryos, markedly increased GFP expression. Furthermore, the reporter embryos responded to other AhR ligands as well. Exposure of the embryos to TCDD revealed previously reported (the cardiovascular system, liver, pancreas, kidney, swim bladder and skin) and unreported target tissues (retinal bipolar cells, otic vesicle, lateral line, cloaca and pectoral fin bud) for TCDD. Transgenic cyp1a reporter zebrafish we have developed can further understanding of ecotoxicological relevance and human health risks by TCDD. In addition, they could be used to identify agonists of AhR and antidotes to TCDD toxicity.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human skeletal muscle channelopathies (HSMCs) are a group of heritable conditions with ion channel-related etiology and similar presentation. To create a comprehensive picture of the phenotypic spectrum for each condition and to devise a strategy that facilitates the differential diagnosis, we collected the genotype and phenotype information from more than 500 previously published HSMC studies. Using these records, we were able to identify clear correlations between particular clinical features and the underlying alteration(s) in the genes SCN4A, CACNA1S, KCNJ2, and CLCN1. This allowed us to develop a clinical, symptom-based, binary decision flow algorithm that predicts the proper genetic origin with high accuracy (0.88-0.93). The algorithm was implemented in a stand-alone online tool ("CGPS"- http://cgps.ddd.co.kr ) to assist with HSCM diagnosis in the clinical practice. The CGPS provides simple, symptom-oriented navigation that guides the user to the most likely molecular basis of the presentation, which permits highly targeted genetic screens and, upon confirmation, tailored pharmacotherapy based on the molecular origin.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Neurology