Takako Kiyokawa

Chiba University, Tiba, Chiba, Japan

Are you Takako Kiyokawa?

Claim your profile

Publications (41)115.91 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adenocarcinomas exhibiting gastric differentiation represent a recently described and uncommon subtype of non-human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cervical adenocarcinoma. They comprise a spectrum from a well-differentiated variant (adenoma malignum/mucinous variant of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma) to a more poorly differentiated overtly malignant form, generally referred to as gastric-type adenocarcinoma. Rarely, such tumors have also been described as primary vaginal neoplasms. Gastric-type adenocarcinomas exhibit considerable morphologic overlap with adenocarcinomas originating outside the female genital tract, especially mucinous adenocarcinomas arising in the pancreas and biliary tract. Moreover, they often metastasize to unusual sites, such as the ovary and peritoneum/omentum, where they can be mistaken for metastatic adenocarcinomas from other, nongynecologic sites. There is little information regarding the immunophenotype of gastric-type adenocarcinomas, and knowledge of this is important to aid in the distinction from other adenocarcinomas. In this study, we undertook a detailed immunohistochemical analysis of a large series of cervical (n=45) and vaginal (n=2) gastric-type adenocarcinomas. Markers included were cytokeratin (CK)7, CK20, CDX2, carcinoembryonic antigen, CA125, CA19.9, p16, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, MUC6, PAX8, PAX2, p53, hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 beta, carbonic anhydrase IX, human epidermal receptor 2 (HER2), and mismatch repair (MMR) proteins. All markers were classified as negative, focal (<50% of tumor cells positive), or diffuse (≥50% tumor cells positive) except for p53 (classified as "wild-type" or "mutation-type"), HER2 (scored using the College of American Pathologists guidelines for gastric carcinomas), and MMR proteins (categorized as retained or lost). There was positive staining with CK7 (47/47-45 diffuse, 2 focal), MUC6 (17/21-6 diffuse, 11 focal), carcinoembryonic antigen (25/31-12 diffuse, 13 focal), carbonic anhydrase IX (20/24-8 diffuse, 12 focal), PAX8 (32/47-20 diffuse, 12 focal), CA125 (36/45-5 diffuse, 31 focal), CA19.9 (11/11-8 diffuse, 3 focal), hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 beta (13/14-12 diffuse, 1 focal), CDX2 (24/47-4 diffuse, 20 focal), CK20 (23/47-6 diffuse, 17 focal), and p16 (18/47-4 diffuse, 14 focal). Most cases were negative with estrogen receptor (29/31), progesterone receptor (10/11), PAX2 (18/19), and HER2 (25/26). p53 showed "wild-type" and "mutation-type" staining in 27 of 46 and 19 of 46 cases, respectively. MMR protein expression was retained in 19 of 20 cases with loss of MSH6 staining in 1 patient with Lynch syndrome. Molecular studies for HPV were undertaken in 2 tumors, which exhibited diffuse "block-type" immunoreactivity with p16, and both were negative. This is the first detailed immunohistochemical study of a large series of gastric-type adenocarcinomas of the lower female genital tract. Our results indicate immunophenotypic overlap with pancreaticobiliary adenocarcinomas but suggest that PAX8 immunoreactivity may be especially useful in distinguishing gastric-type adenocarcinomas from pancreaticobiliary and other nongynecologic adenocarcinomas, which are usually negative. Diffuse "block-type" p16 immunoreactivity in a cervical adenocarcinoma is not necessarily indicative of a high-risk HPV-associated tumor.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American journal of surgical pathology
  • A Mitsuhashi · Y Sato · T Kiyokawa · M Koshizaka · H Hanaoka · M Shozu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Metformin, widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, reduces the risk of cancer and relapse after treatment. Fertility-sparing treatment for endometrial cancer (EC) with progestin is associated with a high chance of disease regression, and the high relapse rate continues to be a problem. We assessed the efficacy of metformin in preventing recurrence after medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) as fertility-sparing treatment for atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) and EC.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Annals of Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastric-type adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix (GAS) is a rare variant of mucinous endocervical adenocarcinoma not etiologically associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, with minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) at the well-differentiated end of the morphologic spectrum. These tumors are reported to have worse prognosis than usual HPV associated endocervical adenocarcinoma (UEA). A retrospective review of GAS was performed from the pathology databases of 3 institutions spanning 20 years. Stage, metastatic patterns, and overall survival were documented. Forty GAS cases were identified, with clinical follow-up data available for 38. The tumors were subclassified as MDA (n=13) and non-MDA GAS (n=27). Two patients were syndromic (1 Li-Fraumeni, 1 Peutz-Jeghers). At presentation, 59% were advanced stage (FIGO II to IV), 50% had lymph node metastases, 35% had ovarian involvement, 20% had abdominal disease, 39% had at least 1 site of metastasis at the time of initial surgery, and 12% of patients experienced distant recurrence. The metastatic sites included lymph nodes, adnexa, omentum, bowel, peritoneum, diaphragm, abdominal wall, bladder, vagina, appendix, and brain. Follow-up ranged from 1.4 to 136.0 months (mean, 33.9 mo); 20/38 (52.6%) had no evidence of disease, 3/38 (7.9%) were alive with disease, and 15/38 (39.5%) died of disease. Disease-specific survival at 5 years was 42% for GAS versus 91% for UEA. There were no survival differences between MDA and non-MDA GAS. GAS represents a distinct, biologically aggressive type of endocervical adenocarcinoma. The majority of patients present at advanced stage and pelvic, abdominal, and distant metastases are not uncommon.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The American journal of surgical pathology

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Sep 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: To achieve optimal cytoreduction for advanced-stage ovarian cancer, modified posterior exenteration is the most frequently performed bowel surgery. We assessed the extents of tumor spreading in the rectosigmoid wall and pelvic side wall in modified posterior exenteration specimens during primary debulking surgery (PDS) and interval debulking surgery (IDS) following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and compared the validity of selecting this surgical procedure in the patients undergoing PDS with that in the patients undergoing IDS. Methods: Clinicopathological data from consecutive patients who had undergone a modified posterior exenteration for primary ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal cancer at our institution between April 2008 and March 2013 was retrospectively reviewed. Results: A total of 75 patients (38 in PDS and 37 in IDS) were included in this study. Tumor involvement of the rectosigmoid was histopathologically confirmed in 65 % of the specimens. Though the extent of tumor spreading in the rectosigmoid was deeper in PDS than in IDS, the frequency of tumor involvement of the rectosigmoid in patients who had undergone modified posterior exenteration during PDS was equivalent to that in the IDS group. Lateral tumor spreading to the side wall(s) was histopathologically confirmed in 53 % of the patients in whom a pelvic side wall resection had been performed. Conclusions: During both PDS and IDS for ovarian cancer presenting with tumor involvement of the cul-de-sac, close inspection and palpation by gynecologic oncologists may enable the extent of tumor spreading in the pelvis to be estimated, enabling valid decisions as to whether an en bloc resection of the pelvic tumors together with the rectosigmoid and the pelvic side wall might or might not be appropriate.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · World Journal of Surgical Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chrysotile had been used in asbestos textile workshops in Southeast China but a clear relation to mesothelioma is lacking. All patients diagnosed with mesothelioma from 2003 to 2010 at Yuyao People's Hospital were re-evaluated by multiple expert pathologists with immunohistochemistry and asbestos exposure data were collected. Of 43 patients with a mesothelioma diagnosis, 19 peritoneal and nine pleural cases were finally diagnosed as mesothelioma. All were females, and the mean age of the patients with peritoneal or pleural mesothelioma was 52.4 and 58.2 years, respectively. All these cases had a history of domestic or occupational exposure to chrysotile. Two-thirds of the patients were from two adjoining towns with multiple small asbestos textile workshops. Contamination of tremolite was estimated to be less than 0.3%. This is a report of mesothelioma in women exposed to chrysotile asbestos at home and at work, with an over-representation of peritoneal mesothelioma. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · American Journal of Industrial Medicine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pregnancy of unknown location is defined as empty endometrial cavity despite positive pregnancy test, and often develops as overt intrauterine or ectopic pregnancy. The pathophysiology of persistent pregnancy of unknown location, however, which involves continuous low serum human chorionic gonadotropin without any visible implantation site, is unknown. We report a case of left tubal pregnancy associated with additional conception in the contralateral tube. Left tubal pregnancy was suspected in a 40-year-old nulligravid woman after two embryo transfers following in vitro fertilization. Laparoscopic bilateral salpingectomy was performed for bilateral hydrosalpinx. Products from an additional conception were identified in the right tube. Short tandem repeat analysis using genomic DNA from resected specimens indicated two conceptions of different origin. The extra conception identified on microscopy may indicate one pathogenesis of persistent pregnancy of unknown location. Salpingectomy of the contralateral tube with hydrosalpinx is an option to prevent persistent occult pregnancy. © 2015 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Napsin A is a reliable marker for pulmonary adenocarcinoma and is expressed in a subset of ovarian clear cell carcinomas (O-CCCs), endometrial (EM) CCCs, and endometrioid carcinomas (EC). We investigated napsin A levels in O-CCC and EM-CCC and compared these with levels in other nonmucinous ovarian carcinomas and EM-EC, respectively. Napsin A, thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1, paired box (PAX) 8, and cancer antigen (CA) 125 expression was evaluated in 111 ovarian and uterine carcinoma cases (22 O-CCC, 15 EM-CCC, 13 ovarian EC (O-EC), 39 high-grade serous carcinoma [HGSC], and 22 EM-EC) using immunohistochemistry. Napsin A immunoreactivity was observed in 21 (95.5%) of 22 O-CCC and 10 (66.7%) of 15 EM-CCC cases but was rare in O-EC and EM-EC (7.7% and 4.5%) and undetectable in HGSC cases. Thyroid transcription factor 1 was not expressed in O-CCC but was detected in 1 (6.7%) of 15 EM-CCC, 3 (23.1%) of 13 O-EC, 2 (5.1%) of 39 HGSC, and 1 (4.5%) of 22 EM-EC cases. All 111 cases examined were positive for PAX8, whereas 3 (20.0%) of 15 of EM-CCC and 1 (4.5%) of 22 EM-EC cases were negative for CA125. There were no napsin A/TTF-1 double-positive cases, except for 1 EM-CCC, in which cells had a focal expression pattern. All napsin A- and/or TTF-1-positive cases expressed PAX8 and CA125. In conclusion, napsin A is frequently expressed in O-CCC and EM-CCC, rarely in O-EC and EM-EC, and never in HGSC cases. These findings confirm the importance of using a panel of antibodies that includes napsin A, TTF-1, and PAX8 when evaluating metastatic carcinomas of unknown origin, particularly when gynecologic and pulmonary adenocarcinomas are included in the differential diagnosis. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Human pathology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Accurate distinction of clear cell carcinoma (CCC) from endometrioid carcinoma (EC) has important clinical implications, but, not infrequently, EC demonstrates clear cell change (EC-CC), mimicking CCC. We examined whether a panel of immunomarkers can help distinguish between these tumors. Sixty-four CCCs (40 ovarian and 24 uterine), 34 ECs (21 ovarian and 13 uterine), and 34 EC-CCs (6 ovarian and 28 uterine) were stained for HNF1β, BAF250a, Napsin A, ER, and PR. Intensity and extent of immunoreactivity was assessed. Fifty-seven of 64 (89%) CCCs, 14/34 (41%) EC-CCs, and 16/34 (47%) ECs expressed HNF1β, and 56/64 (88%) CCCs, 4/34 (12%) EC-CCs, and 1/34 (3%) ECs stained for Napsin A. Most CCCs demonstrated at least moderate and diffuse staining for both markers, whereas only focal and weak expression was identified in most EC-CC/EC. Compared to HNF1β, Napsin A showed increased specificity (93.0% vs. 55.9%, P<0.0001) and similar sensitivity (87.5% vs. 89.1%) in distinguishing CCC from EC-CC/EC. Thirteen of 64 (20%) CCCs, 6/34 (18%) EC-CCs, and 2/34 (6%) ECs showed loss of BAF250a. ER was expressed by 10/64 (16%) CCCs, 30/34 (88%) EC-CCs, and 33/34 (97%) ECs, whereas PR positivity was identified in 9/64 (14%) CCCs, 26/34 (77%) EC-CCs, and 33/34 (97%) ECs. The majority of EC and EC-CC demonstrated diffuse staining for ER/PR, whereas most CCCs showed very focal positivity. There is a statistically significant difference in HNF1β, Napsin A, ER, and PR immunoexpression between CCC and EC/EC-CC, with Napsin A being a more specific marker for CCC than HNF1β. Overall, the immunoprofile of EC-CC is more comparable to that of EC than CCC. The use of a panel of immunostains can help distinguish EC-CC from CCC.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AimsThe carcinogenesis of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) has been hypothesized to comprise two different pathways: an adenofibroma-carcinoma sequence and an endometriosis-carcinoma sequence. However, the difference in the genetic basis of these two pathways remains unclear. Recent studies have suggested that an ARID1A mutation and the loss of the corresponding protein, BAF250a, are frequent events in CCC. Herein, we investigated the difference in the loss of BAF250a expression in adenofibroma-related CCC and endometriosis-related CCC.Methods and ResultsIn total, 93 cases of surgically treated CCC were evaluated. The presence of adenofibroma and endometriosis associated with carcinoma was determined by reviewing hematoxylin and eosin-stained slides for each case. BAF250a expression in carcinoma was examined immunohistochemically. The loss of BAF250a expression was detected in carcinomas in 50 of 93 (54%) cases, including 5/18 (28%) with adenofibroma alone, 30/45 (67%) with endometriosis alone, 8/18 (44%) with both conditions, and 7/12 (58%) with neither condition. The loss of BAF250a expression was significantly less frequent in CCC cases with adenofibroma than in cases with endometriosis (p = 0.01, Fisher's exact test).Conclusions The action of ARID1A in carcinogenesis differs between adenofibroma-related CCC and endometriosis-related CCC.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Histopathology
  • Akira Mitsuhashi · Takako Kiyokawa · Yasunori Sato · Makio Shozu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Metformin, an antidiabetic drug, decreases the incidence of various cancers in diabetic patients. Metformin-induced inhibition of cancer cell proliferation has been confirmed in vitro but not in humans. Because endometrial cancer is associated with insulin resistance, the authors investigated whether a diabetes-therapeutic metformin dose inhibits cancer cell growth in patients with endometrial cancer. Methods: A dose of metaformin was administered (1500-2250 mg/day) to 31 patients with endometrial cancer preoperatively for 4 to 6 weeks. Cell proliferation was assessed in patient tissues using immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses and DNA synthesis was measured in serum using a thymidine uptake assay. All statistical tests were 2-sided. P values of < .05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Preoperative metformin treatment decreased DNA synthesis in sera and significantly reduced the Ki-67 (mean proportional decrease, 44.2%; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 35.4-53.0 [P < .001]) and topoisomerase IIα (mean proportional decrease, 36.4%; 95% CI, 26.7-46.0 [P < .001]) labeling indices. Levels of phospho-ribosomal protein S6 and phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) were found to be significantly decreased and phospho-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase and p27 levels were significantly increased. Preoperative metformin use caused significant decreases in circulating factors, including insulin, glucose, insulin-like growth factor 1, and leptin. DNA synthesis-stimulating activity in patient sera was significantly decreased during metformin administration. Conclusions: An antidiabetic dose of metformin inhibited endometrial cancer cell growth in vivo, an effect likely due to its effect on humoral factor(s). This translational study provides considerable rationale to initiate large clinical trials.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Cancer
  • Takako Kiyokawa
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An 8.5-year-old girl presented with breast development, irregular uterine bleeding, and a spurt in height during the previous 9 months. She also complained of rapid increase of abdominal girth and body weight (4 kg). No remarkable past history or family history was noted. Her height (143 cm), breast development (Tanner stage 3), and pubic hair (Tanner stage 2) were compatible with precocious puberty. Laboratory examinations showed microcytic hypochromic anemia (Hb 9.2 g/dL), and serum estradiol was 138 pg/mL. LH and FSH were in the undetectable level even after a LH-RH (100 μg) injection. Ovarian tumor markers including CEA, CA19-9, CA125, α-fetoprotein, and hCG were within the normal range. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a giant multilocular cystic tumor (25 × 14 × 10 cm) in the lower abdomen.Tumor resection was performed. The tumor originated from the right ovary and contained 3500 × mL of yellowish serous fluid. The left ovary was grossly normal. The resected right ovarian tumor was multilocular cystic, measuring 16.0 × cm in the greatest dimension, with occasional foci of whitish yellow elevated components in the cystic wall.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Pathology
  • Source
    Ishikawa H · Kiyokawa T · Utsuno E · Matsushita K · Nomura F · Shozu M.

    Full-text · Dataset · Apr 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy for reducing future cancer risk in women with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome is rarely performed in Japan; therefore, the cancer preventive effect of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome among the Japanese population remains unclear. Here, we report the first case of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma identified through a risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in a Japanese woman with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome and who had a deleterious germline mutation of E1214X in BRCA1, but not a BRCA2 mutation. A pre-operative examination revealed multiple uterine leiomyomas but no adnexal mass. Robotic-assisted bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy together with hysterectomy was performed. A pathological examination identified serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma in the right fallopian tube with no dissemination. Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma is implicated as an origin of invasive cancer of the fallopian tube with peritoneal dissemination; prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy is currently the only method to identify this occult cancer. Our case demonstrated that risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy can detect occult cancers, including serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma, thereby preventing future cancer development in the Japanese hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome population.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • Source
    Ishikawa H · Kiyokawa T · Utsuno E · Matsushita K · Nomura F · Shozu M.
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy or risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) to reduce future cancer risk in women with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) is rarely performed in Japan; therefore, the cancer preventive effect of RRSO for HBOC among the Japanese population remains unclear. Here, we report the first case of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma identified through a RRSO in a Japanese woman with HBOC and a deleterious germline mutation of E1214X in BRCA1, but not a BRCA2 mutation. A preoperative examination revealed multiple uterine leiomyomas but no adnexal mass. Robotic-assisted bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy together with hysterectomy was performed. A pathological examination identified serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma in the right fallopian tube with no dissemination. Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma is implicated as an origin of invasive cancer of the fallopian tube with peritoneal dissemination, for which prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy is currently the only method to identify this occult cancer. Our case demonstrated that RRSO can detect occult cancers, including serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma, thereby preventing future cancer development in the Japanese HBOC population.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • T Uehara · T Kiyokawa · S Tate · H Usui · M Shozu

    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Cytopathology
  • Takashi Kishimoto · Kazunori Fugo · Takako Kiyokawa
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been established that nuclear pseudostratification of the neural epithelium in vertebral embryos is caused by interkinetic nuclear migration, a cell cycle-dependent regulation of nuclear movement, during which the G2/M-phase nuclei move apically before returning basally in the G1/S phase. Here we demonstrate the cell cycle-related nuclear location characteristic of interkinetic nuclear migration in human neoplastic and non-neoplastic pseudostratified glands. Immunohistochemical analysis with phosphohistone H3 (a G2/M-phase marker) and Ki67 was performed on fetal tissues, proliferative-phase endometrium (5 cases), and colonic adenomas (12 cases). In all cases, G2/M nuclei were significantly located apically, whereas Ki67-positive nuclei were widely distributed along the basal-apical axis. In the proliferating zone of the normal colon mucosa, elongated nuclei in the G2/M phase were occasionally found on the apical side of the cells. These results suggest that the interkinetic nuclear migration occurs in association with cell proliferation in both neoplastic and non-neoplastic glands.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Medical Molecular Morphology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of prognostic factors in primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC). All cases of PFTC diagnosed between 1990 and 2010 were retrieved from the files of 6 academic centers. The cases were staged according to a modification of the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology staging system proposed by Alvarado-Cabrero et al (Gynecol Oncol 1999; 72: 367-379). One hundred twenty-seven PFTC cases were identified. The mean age of the patients was 64.2 years. Stage distribution was as follows: 72 (57%), stage I; 19 (15%), stage II; 28 (22%), stage III; and 8 (6.2%), stage IV. Depth of infiltration of the tubal wall was an independent prognostic factor in stage I cases (P < .001). Carcinomas located in the fimbriated end even without invasion had a worse prognosis than did carcinomas involving the tubal portion of the organ. The presence of vascular space invasion correlated with the depth of tubal wall invasion (P = .001) and the presence of lymph node metastases (P = .003). Tumor grade significantly correlated with survival (P < .0001), but histologic type was of marginal significance and only if it was grouped as nonserous/non-clear cell vs serous/clear cell (P = .04). The depth of invasion of the tubal wall and the presence of carcinoma in the fimbriated end even without invasion are important prognostic indicators. The modified International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology staging system should be used on a routine basis in all carcinomas of the fallopian tube.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant tumor of trophoblastic origin. Most cases occur in association with preceding gestational events. However, on very rare occasions, nongestational choriocarcinoma arises from germ cell or trophoblastic differentiation in different types of carcinoma. This article reports the case of a 58-year-old woman with primary nongestational choriocarcinoma of the uterus that developed 19 years after her final pregnancy and 4 years after menopause. A total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Histopathological examination showed choriocarcinoma of the uterus without components of other germ cell tumors. Karyotype analysis of the tumor cells demonstrated XX. We confirmed its nongestational origin by DNA polymorphism analysis at 15 short tandem repeat loci. After surgery, the patient was given four courses of combination chemotherapy. She is still alive and there has been no evidence of recurrence 3 years after surgery.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CD147 is a membrane glycoprotein that is expressed in various cancer cells and is involved in tumor invasion and metastasis by inducing stromal fibroblastic cells to produce matrix metalloproteinases. This study was carried out to evaluate the correlation between CD147 expression and various clinicopathologic parameters, including histological grade and prognosis in a small sample set of human ovarian cancer patients. Paraffin-embedded surgical tissue samples from 25 patients with ovarian serous and endometrioid adenocarcinoma were stained with anti-CD147 antibody (monoclonal antibody 12C3: MoAb 12C3) for immunohistochemical analysis. CD147 protein was expressed in 84.0% (21 of 25 cases) of cancerous lesions, but not in normal lesions. CD147 expression by ovarian cancer cells was inversely correlated with overall survival. There was no correlation between CD147 expression and histological grade. These results suggest that measurement of CD147 expression may enhance the understanding of the pathophysiology of epithelial ovarian cancer.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research

Publication Stats

432 Citations
115.91 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011-2015
    • Chiba University
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 1999-2015
    • The Jikei University School of Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2010
    • Chiba University Hospital
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 2004
    • Nagoya Institute of Technology
      • Graduate School of Engineering
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan