Chiharu Hattori

Daiichi Sankyo Company, Edo, Tokyo, Japan

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Publications (7)13.06 Total impact

  • Satoru Itoh · Chiharu Hattori · Shiho Nakayama · Akiharu Hanamoto
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    ABSTRACT: A comparison between the original red blood cell (RBC) Pig-a assay, which measures Pig-a mutant cells in RBCs, and the PIGRET assay, which uses reticulocytes, was conducted using the in vivo mutagenesis assay with isopropyl methanesulfonate (iPMS) as a part of a collaborative study by the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study Group in the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society. Three dose levels of iPMS (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) were administered once intraperitoneally to 8-week-old male Crl:CD(SD) rats, and peripheral blood was sampled at 0 (1 day before dosing), and 1, 2, and 4 weeks after dosing with iPMS. As a result, a time-dependent increase in the mutant frequency of Pig-a mutant RBCs was observed in the RBC Pig-a assay, and a statistically significant increase was observed from 2 weeks after dosing. In the PIGRET assay, on the other hand, a statistically significant increase in Pig-a mutant frequency was obtained from 1 week after dosing at all dose levels, and the Pig-a mutant frequency at the highest dose level had already reached a plateau on week 1. The maximum Pig-a mutant frequency induced by a single treatment with iPMS at 200 mg/kg in the PIGRET assay was approximately two times higher than that in the RBC Pig-a assay. These results indicate that the PIGRET assay can detect Pig-a mutants much earlier and with a higher value in Pig-a mutant frequency compared with the original RBC Pig-a assay, and it can enable judgement of mutagenicity of iPMS within 1 week after a single dose.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
  • Satoru Itoh · Chiharu Hattori · Shiho Nakayama · Akiharu Hanamoto
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    ABSTRACT: The comparison between the original red blood cell (RBC) Pig-a assay, which measures Pig-a mutant RBCs, and the PIGRET assay, which uses reticulocytes, was conducted using in vivo mutagenesis by ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) as a part of a collaborative study by the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study Group in the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society. Three dose levels of EMS (180, 360, and 720. mg/kg) were administered once by oral gavage to 8-week-old male Crl:CD(SD) rats, and peripheral blood was sampled at 0 (1 day before dosing), 1, 2, and 4 weeks after dosing with EMS. As a result, a statistically significant increase in the mutant frequency of the Pig-a gene was observed from 2 weeks after dosing and a higher value was obtained on week 4 at the highest dose only in the RBC Pig-a assay. In the PIGRET assay, on the other hand, a statistically significant increase in Pig-a mutant frequency was obtained at the highest dose from 1 week after dosing, and it decreased on weeks 2 and 4 compared to the value at week 1. The Pig-a mutant frequency appeared to reach a plateau 1 week after dosing in the PIGRET assay and it might continue to increase even after week 4 in the RBC Pig-a assay. These results indicate that the PIGRET assay can detect Pig-a mutants much earlier than the original RBC Pig-a assay, and it can enable judgement of mutagenicity of EMS within 1 week after a single dosing.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
  • Satoru Itoh · Miyuki Igarashi · Mayumi Nagata · Chiharu Hattori
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    ABSTRACT: The liver micronucleus test is an important method to detect in vivo genotoxicants, especially those that require metabolic activation for their genotoxicity. We have already reported that structural or numerical chromosome aberration inducers have to be given before or after partial hepatectomy, respectively, to detect their genotoxicity in the liver of rats. In the present study, we assessed a twice dosing regimen, in which the genotoxicant is dosed both before and after partial hepatectomy, using the four chromosome aberration inducers used in the previous study. Two structural chromosome aberration inducers (diethylnitrosamine and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine) and two numerical chromosome aberration inducers (colchicine and carbendazim) were used. The genotoxicant was administered to 8-week old male F344 rats one day before and again one day after the partial hepatectomy and hepatocytes were isolated 3 days after second dosing (4 days after the partial hepatectomy). As a result, all genotoxicants (structural or numerical chromosome aberration inducers) caused a dose-dependent statistically significant increase in the incidence of micronucleated hepatocytes when given both before and after partial hepatectomy. No marked difference was observed in general toxicity, relative liver weight and cell classification between single dosing regimens and twice dosing regimen of the genotoxicants. These results confirm that the twice dosing regimen, in which the test compound is dosed both before and after partial hepatectomy, can detect in vivo induction of micronucleated hepatocytes by structural or numerical chromosome aberration inducers qualitatively similar to their appropriate regimen in which the test compound is administered either before or after partial hepatectomy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015
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    Satoru Itoh · Mayumi Nagata · Chiharu Hattori · Wataru Takasaki
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    ABSTRACT: In the view of animal welfare considerations, we investigated the suitability of modifying the rat liver micronucleus test with partial hepatectomy to include administration of an analgesic drug to minimize pain and distress as much as possible. The effects of the analgesic, buprenorphine, on the genotoxicity evaluation of structural chromosome aberration inducers (cyclophosphamide, diethylnitrosamine and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine) and numerical chromosome aberration inducers (colchicine and carbendazim) were examined. The genotoxicants were given orally to 8-week-old male F344 rats a day before or after partial hepatectomy and hepatocytes were isolated 4 days after the partial hepatectomy. Buprenorphine was injected subcutaneously twice a day with at least a 6-hr interval for 2 days from just after partial hepatectomy. As results, buprenorphine caused neither change in clinical signs (except for one animal death) nor increase in the incidence of micronucleated hepatocytes of vehicle treated animals. In the case of concomitant treatment of buprenorphine and a genotoxicant, one out of 8 animals died in each group given buprenorphine with cyclophosphamide, carbendazim or colchicine (lower dose level only). Slight changes in clinical signs were noted in the group given buprenorphine with cyclophosphamide or carbendazim. A statistically significant increase in the incidence of micronucleated hepatocytes was obtained in concomitant treatment of buprenorphine and genotoxicant compared with genotoxicant alone for 1,2-dimethylhydrazine, colchicine and carbendazim. It is concluded that use of buprenorphine as an analgesic drug to minimize pain and distress for rats that are given partial hepatectomy is not appropriate under the present experimental conditions, because it could enhance the general toxicity and genotoxicity of the test chemical.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2015 · The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
  • Satoru Itoh · Mayumi Nagata · Chiharu Hattori · Wataru Takasaki
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    ABSTRACT: The in vivo mutagenesis from ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) was investigated by the original Pig-a assay, which measures Pig-a mutant cells in red blood cells, and the PIGRET assay, which uses reticulocytes as a part of a collaborative study supported by the Japan Health Sciences Foundation. For the studies with the Pig-a assay, three dose levels of EMS (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg/day) were given orally to 6-week-old male F344 rats for 28 days, and peripheral blood was sampled just before the start of dosing, and after dosing for 1, 2 and 4 weeks with EMS. In the studies with the PIGRET assay, single oral dosing at two dose levels (360 and 720 mg/kg) of EMS was employed and peripheral blood was collected just before dosing, and 1 and 2 weeks after dosing of EMS. As the results, a statistically significant increase in mutant frequency of the Pig-a gene was observed at 2 and 4 weeks, but not at one week after dosing of EMS in the Pig-a assay. In the PIGRET assay, on the other hand, a statistically significant increase in mutant frequency was obtained at one week after the dosing. These results indicate that the PIGRET assay can detect Pig-a mutants much earlier than the original Pig-a assay can by focusing on reticulocytes rather than red blood cells as the target cell population.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Genes and Environment
  • Satoru Itoh · Chiharu Hattori · Mayumi Nagata · Wataru Takasaki
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    ABSTRACT: The liver micronucleus test in rats with partial hepatectomy is a useful method to detect pro-clastogens such as diethylnitrosamine, the active metabolites of which do not reach the bone marrow due to their short lifespan. We have already reported that structural or numerical chromosome aberration inducers should be given before or after partial hepatectomy, respectively, to detect genotoxicity in the liver of rats. In the present study, we found that the percentage of binucleated cells in the liver from naive male rats is approximately 60% of that in female rats, which suggests a gender difference in the response to chromosome aberration inducers. Therefore, we investigated the responses to structural chromosome aberration inducers (diethylnitrosamine and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine) and numerical chromosome aberration inducers (colchicine and carbendazim) in male and female rats. The chemicals were given to 8-week-old male and female F344 rats a day before or after partial hepatectomy and hepatocytes were isolated 4 days after the partial hepatectomy. As the results, diethylnitrosamine and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine produced a significant increase in the frequency of micronucleated hepatocytes in both genders and the responses were comparable. In the case of colchicine and carbendazim, higher frequencies in the micronucleated hepatocytes were obtained in males than in females. Taken together, the response to chromosome aberration inducers in male rats was equal to or stronger than that in female rats. It seems that the use of only male rats in the liver micronucleus test is sufficient, unless existing data indicate a toxicologically meaningful gender difference in rats.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Toxicology Letters
  • Satoru Itoh · Chiharu Hattori · Mayumi Nagata · Atsushi Sanbuissho
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    ABSTRACT: The liver micronucleus test is an important method to detect pro-mutagens such as active metabolites not reaching bone marrow due to their short lifespan. We have already reported that dosing of the test compound after partial hepatectomy (PH) is essential to detect genotoxicity of numerical chromosome aberration inducers in mice [Mutat. Res. 632 (2007) 89-98]. In naive animals, the proportion of binucleated cells in rats is less than half of that in mice, which suggests a species difference in the response to chromosome aberration inducers. In the present study, we investigated the responses to structural and numerical chromosome aberration inducers in the rat liver micronucleus test. Two structural chromosome aberretion inducers (diethylnitrosamine and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine) and two numerical chromosome aberration inducers (colchicine and carbendazim) were used in the present study. PH was performed a day before or after the dosing of the test compound in 8-week old male F344 rats and hepatocytes were isolated 4 days after the PH. As a result, diethylnitrosamine and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine, structural chromosome aberration inducers, exhibited significant increase in the incidence of micronucleated hepatocyte (MNH) when given either before and after PH. Colchicine and carbendazim, numerical chromosome aberration inducers, did not result in any toxicologically significant increase in MNH frequency when given before PH, while they exhibited MNH induction when given after PH. It is confirmed that dosing after PH is essential in order to detect genotoxicity of numerical chromosome aberration inducers in rats as well as in mice. Regarding the species difference, a different temporal response to colchicine was identified. Colchicine increased the incidence of MNH 4 days after PH in rats, although such induction in mice was observed 8-10 days after PH.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis