[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Trochlear nerve schwannoma without neurofibromatosis is extremely rare. To our knowledge, only 31 surgical cases have been reported to date, and only 2 cases of trochlear nerve schwannoma with intratumoral hemorrhage have been reported. None of those cases presented with persistent hiccups. We report the case of a 44-year-old man with trochlear nerve schwannoma associated with intratumoral hemorrhage who presented with a 10-day history of persistent hiccups. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a solid tumor with a 3-cm diameter and intratumoral hemorrhage in the left petroclival region that compressed the midbrain and pons. Subtotal removal of the tumor was performed via the zygomatic transpetrosal approach. Intraoperative findings revealed a tumor arising from the trochlear nerve. The histologic diagnosis was schwannoma of Antoni type A cells with intratumoral hemorrhage. Although the patient's left trochlear nerve palsy worsened temporarily, his postoperative course was uneventful. We present this rare case and discuss the mechanism underlying the patient's persistent hiccups.
Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Neurological Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 23-year-old woman was injured in a rear-end collision. She had general malaise and posterior neck pain, which were more severe when she was in an upright position. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of cerebellar tonsil descensus and syringomyelia in the spinal cord. Radioisotope (RI) cisternography showed signs of an early accumulation of RI in the bladder, and a delayed accumulation of RI in the cerebral fornix. We considered the possibilities of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hypovolemia and congenital Chiari type-1 malformation as being responsible for her headache. To obtain a definitive diagnosis, we performed gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced MR cisternography and found evidence of CSF leakage. We performed an epidural blood patch (EBP), and her symptoms resolved. In 2 years since the episode, her symptoms have not recurred, and additional treatment has not been required. In addition, MRI performed 2 years after the EBP did not reveal any changes. There seems no previous report which described successful differentiation of pre-existing congenital Chiari type-1 malformation from the acquired one caused by symptomatic CSF hypovolemia. Because treatment protocols differ between these two conditions, the establishment of a correct diagnosis is important.
No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Neurologia medico-chirurgica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 73-year-old female visited her local doctor after repeatedly experiencing temporary weakness in her left upper and lower extremities. The patient underwent a cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and was diagnosed with right internal carotid artery stenosis. Despite administration of antiplatelet drugs, her symptoms continued, and she was referred to our department for medical treatment. Her medical history revealed hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and cholesteatoma. We diagnosed symptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis and performed carotid endarterectomy (CEA). However, tight adhesions between the carotid artery and surrounding tissue made separation difficult, and surgery had to be discontinued. Some of the extracted adherent tissue consisted of hyalinized fibrous tissue that had the appearance of soft tissue which had organized because of inflammation. Although there have been no reports of cholesteatoma directly causing adhesion around the internal carotid artery, it has been reported to have led to abscess formation in the parapharyngeal space adjacent to the carotid space. Because the boundaries of the parapharyngeal space and carotid space are anatomically incomplete, inflammation often affects the area between them. As far as we know, this report, which also includes a discussion of the literature, is the first to indicate that cholesteatoma causes strong adhesions around the carotid artery.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery