Nina R O'Connor

William Penn University, Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (8)34.63 Total impact

  • Nina R O'Connor · Mary E Moyer · Maryam Behta · David J Casarett
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    ABSTRACT: Inpatient palliative care consultations have been shown to reduce acute care utilization by reducing length of stay, but less is known about their impact on subsequent costs including hospital readmissions. The study's objective was to examine the impact of inpatient palliative care consultations on 30-day hospital readmissions to a large urban academic medical center. The hospital's electronic medical record system was used to identify all live discharges between August 2013 and November 2014. After adjusting for a propensity score, readmission rates were compared between palliative care and usual care groups. Of the 34,541 hospitalizations included in the study, 1430 (4.1%) involved a palliative care consult. After adjusting for the propensity score, patients seen by palliative care had a lower 30-day readmission rate-adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.66, 0.55-0.78; p<0.001. Adjusted rates were 10.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.9%-12.0%) for palliative care and 15.0% (95% CI 14.4%-15.4%) for usual care. Among all palliative care patients, consultations that involved goals of care discussions were associated with a lower readmission rate (AOR 0.36, 0.27-0.48; p<0.001), but consultations involving symptom management were not (AOR 1.05, 0.82-1.35; p=0.684). Palliative care palliative care consultations facilitate goals discussions, which in turn are associated with reduced rates of 30-day readmissions.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of palliative medicine
  • Mary E. Moyer · James Kirkpatrick · Nina O'Connor

    No preview · Article · Aug 2015
  • Nina O'Connor · Rong Hu · Pamela Harris · Kevin Ache · David Casarett

    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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    Nina R O'Connor · Rong Hu · Pamela S Harris · Kevin Ache · David J Casarett
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To define patient characteristics associated with hospice enrollment in the last 3 days of life, and to describe adjusted proportions of patients with late referrals among patient subgroups that could be considered patient-mix adjustment variables for this quality measure. Methods: Electronic health record-based retrospective cohort study of patients with cancer admitted to 12 hospices in the Coalition of Hospices Organized to Investigate Comparative Effectiveness network. Results: Of 64,264 patients admitted to hospice with cancer, 10,460 (16.3%) had a length of stay ≤ 3 days. There was significant variation among hospices (range, 11.4% to 24.5%). In multivariable analysis, among patients referred to hospice, patients who were admitted in the last 3 days of life were more likely to have a hematologic malignancy, were more likely to be male and married, and were younger (age < 65 years). Patients with Medicaid or self-insurance were less likely to be admitted to hospice within 3 days of death. Conclusion: Quality measures of hospice lengths of stay should include patient-mix adjustments for type of cancer and site of care. Patients with hematologic malignancies are at especially increased risk for late admission to hospice.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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    ABSTRACT: Textbooks report that patients with ESRD survive for 7-10 days after discontinuation of dialysis. Studies describing actual survival are limited, however, and research has not defined patient characteristics that may be associated with longer or shorter survival times. The goals of this study were to determine the mean life expectancy of patients admitted to hospice after discontinuation of dialysis, and to identify independent predictors of survival time. Data for demographics, clinical characteristics, and survival were obtained from 10 hospices for patients with ESRD who discontinued dialysis before hospice admission. Data were collected for patients admitted between January 1, 2008 and May 15, 2012. All hospices were members of the Coalition of Hospices Organized to Investigate Comparative Effectiveness network, which obtains de-identified data from an electronic medical record. Of 1947 patients who discontinued dialysis, the mean survival after hospice enrollment was 7.4 days (range, 0-40 days). Patients who discontinued dialysis had significantly shorter survival compared with other patients (n=124,673) with nonrenal hospice diagnoses (mean survival 54.4 days; hazard ratio, 2.96; 95% confidence interval, 2.82 to 3.09; P<0.001). A Cox proportional hazards model identified seven independent predictors of earlier mortality after dialysis discontinuation, including male sex, referral from a hospital, lower functional status (Palliative Performance Scale score), and the presence of peripheral edema. Patients who discontinue dialysis have significantly shorter survival than other hospice patients. Individual survival time varies greatly, but several variables can be used to predict survival and tailor a patient's care plan based on estimated prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
  • Nina R O'Connor · Amy M Corcoran
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of end-stage renal disease continues to increase, and dialysis is offered to older and more medically complex patients. Pain is problematic in up to one-half of patients receiving dialysis and may result from renal and nonrenal etiologies. Opioids can be prescribed safely, but the patient's renal function must be considered when selecting a drug and when determining the dosage. Fentanyl and methadone are considered the safest opioids for use in patients with end-stage renal disease. Nonpain symptoms are common and affect quality of life. Phosphate binders, ondansetron, and naltrexone can be helpful for pruritus. Fatigue can be managed with treatment of anemia and optimization of dialysis, but persistent fatigue should prompt screening for depression. Ondansetron, metoclopramide, and haloperidol are effective for uremia-associated nausea. Nondialytic management may be preferable to dialysis initiation in older patients and in those with additional life-limiting illnesses, and may not significantly decrease life expectancy. Delaying dialysis initiation is also an option. Patients with end-stage renal disease should have advance directives, including documentation of situations in which they would no longer want dialysis.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · American family physician
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    Nina R O'Connor · Pallavi Kumar
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize evidence on conservative, nondialytic management of end-stage renal disease regarding 1) prognosis and 2) symptom burden and quality of life (QOL). Medline, Cinahl, and Cochrane were searched for records indexed prior to March 1, 2011. Bibliographies of articles and abstracts from recent meetings were reviewed. Authors and nephrologists were contacted to identify additional studies. Articles were reviewed by two authors and selected if they described stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients managed without dialysis, including one or more of the following outcomes: prognosis, symptoms, or QOL. Levels of evidence ratings were assigned using the SORT (Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy) system. Data was abstracted independently by two authors for descriptive analysis. Thirteen studies were included. In studies of prognosis, conservative management resulted in median survival of at least six months (range 6.3 to 23.4 months). Findings are mixed as to whether dialysis prolongs survival in the elderly versus conservative, nondialytic management. Any survival benefit from dialysis decreases with comorbidities, especially ischemic heart disease. Patients managed conservatively report a high symptom burden, underscoring the need for concurrent palliative care. Additional head-to-head studies are needed to compare the symptoms of age-matched dialysis patients, but preliminary studies suggest that QOL is similar. Conservative management is an important alternative to discuss when counseling patients and families about dialysis. Unlike withdrawal of dialysis in which imminent death is expected, patients who decline dialysis initiation can live for months to years with appropriate supportive care.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Journal of palliative medicine

Publication Stats

58 Citations
34.63 Total Impact Points


  • 2013-2015
    • William Penn University
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2014
    • University of Pennsylvania
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2012
    • University of Arkansas at Little Rock
      Little Rock, Arkansas, United States