Sarah-Maude Caron-Cantin

Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

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Publications (3)7.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Visfatin is an adipokine linked to obesity and inflammation, and it has insulin-mimetic properties. Apelin is an adipokine with positive cardiac inotropic effects, and it may be related to inflammatory molecules. Variations in plasma visfatin and apelin levels following bariatric surgery remain controversial. Methods: In this study, patients who underwent a biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) were compared to a severely obese group (control group). Anthropometric measures and blood samples were taken before surgery, on days 1 and 5, as well as at 6 and 12 months after surgery in the BDP-DS group. For the control group, the tests were performed at baseline and at 6 and 12 months. Results: Seventy subjects in the BPD-DS group and 28 in the control group were included. The expected reduction in body weight at 1 year after a BPD-DS was observed (85.9 ± 18.5 vs. 136.6 ± 27.7 kg at baseline; p < 0.001). Plasma visfatin levels decreased at day 1 (16.13 ± 5.56 vs. 18.82 ± 7.36 ng/mL at baseline; p = 0.001), while plasma apelin levels decreased at day 5 (0.50 ± 0.28 vs. 0.55 ± 0.33 ng/mL at baseline; p = 0.040) after surgery. There were no changes at 6 and 12 months compared to baseline, and no changes were observed in the control group. Conclusions: Our data show that 1-year weight loss induced by BPD-DS did not influence the overall plasma visfatin and apelin levels in severely obese patients.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Obesity Surgery
  • Sylvine Cottin · Sarah-Maude Caron-Cantin · Léo Cantin

    No preview · Conference Paper · Nov 2012
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    ABSTRACT: The biliopancreatic diversion surgery with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is a surgical procedure that not only induces significant weight loss, but also promotes remission of diabetes. However, the mechanism responsible for this insulin-potentiating effect (both on sensitivity and production) is not yet clearly understood. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) is a 36 kDa circulating protein that has been recently suggested to modulate insulin sensitization and fat accumulation. In humans, a low-circulating concentration of IGFBP-2 has been associated with obesity and insulin resistance. We thus tested the hypothesis that BPD-DS would trigger an increase in IGFBP-2 levels. Plasma IGFBP-2 was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 77 severely obese men and women before and up to 1 year after BPD-DS surgery. Baseline IGFBP-2 levels were 159 ± 17 ng/ml. Plasma IGFBP-2 levels increased significantly as soon as 24 h after BPD-DS surgery and were further augmented at both 6 months and 1 year after the surgery, reaching 748 ± 65 ng/ml. Changes in IGFBP-2 concentrations were significantly and negatively associated with blood glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and total cholesterol levels. The present findings suggest that the rise in IGFBP-2 levels is associated with the improvements in glucose and lipid metabolism in the short- and long-term after BPD-DS. The mechanisms for the augmentation in IGFBP-2 after BPD-DS and its contribution to insulin sensitization remain to be elucidated.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Obesity