Tsukasa Saito

Shimane University, Matsu, Shimane, Japan

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Publications (2)6.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The effects of the prokinetic drug mosapride on esophageal motor activity vary at standard doses. In addition to esophageal motor activities, compliance of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is important for prevention of gastroesophageal reflux. However, the effects of mosapride on EGJ compliance have not been reported. Here, we investigated the effects of high-dose mosapride on esophageal motor activities and EGJ compliance. Nine healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. Peristaltic esophageal contraction and lower esophageal sphincter pressures before and after administration of 40 mg mosapride were examined by high resolution esophageal manometry. Esophageal compliance was also investigated by intra-esophageal impedance planimetry (EndoFLIP(®)). High-dose mosapride augmented peristaltic contractions, especially in the distal esophageal segments (P < 0.05). The mean resting lower esophageal sphincter pressure was elevated from 25.0 mmHg before administration to 28.9 mmHg after (P < 0.05). In addition, mosapride significantly reduced EGJ compliance (P < 0.05). Mosapride at 40 mg augmented esophageal motor activities and reduced EGJ compliance in healthy volunteers.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: In Japan, it is customary to take a daily bath during which the body is immersed in water to the neck. During full-body immersion, hydrostatic pressure is thought to compress the chest and abdomen, which might influence esophageal motor function and intra-gastric pressure. However, whether water immersion has a significant influence on esophageal motor function or intragastric pressure has not been shown. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of full-body water immersion on esophageal motor function and intragastric pressure. Nine healthy male volunteers (mean age 40.1 ± 2.8 years) were enrolled in this study. Esophageal motor function and intragastric pressure were investigated using a high-resolution 36-channel manometry device. All subjects completed the study protocol. Intragastric pressure increased significantly from 4.2 ± 1.1 to 20.6 ± 1.4 mmHg with full-body water immersion, while the lower esophageal high pressure zone (LEHPZ) value also increased from 20.5 ± 2.2 to 40.4 ± 3.6 mmHg, with the latter being observed regardless of dietary condition. In addition, peak esophageal peristaltic pressure was higher when immersed as compared to standing out of water. Esophageal motor function and intragastric pressure were altered by full-body water immersion. Furthermore, the pressure gradient between LEHPZ and intragastric pressures was maintained at a high level, and esophageal peristaltic pressure was elevated with immersion.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Journal of neurogastroenterology and motility