Publications (3)7.54 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a flavanone extracted from glycyrrhizae. Previous studies have demonstrated that LQ possesses antimigration properties in HELA and A549 cells. The present research, as an extension of our earlier ones, investigated whether LQ can enhance the antimigration and antiinvasion effect of cis-diamine dichloroplatinum (CDDP) in B16F10 melanoma cell. The data indicated that LQ (25, 50, 100, 200 μM) combined with CDDP (2 μM) significantly reduced B16F10 cell viability compared to CDDP (2 μM)-treated only. The different doses of LQ combined with CDDP significantly suppressed cell migration (21.5%, 49.6%, 75.6%) and cell invasion (26.2%, 51.4%, 69.5%) compared with CDDP-treated alone, suggesting that LQ enhance the inhibition action of CDDP on cell migration and invasion. Moreover, LQ/CDDP combination led to the downregulation of protein expression of MMP-2/9, PI3 K, p-AKT, and upregulated PTEN protein level that play an important role in tumor metastasis progression. Further study demonstrated the enhancement effect of LQ on CDDP suppressing lung metastasis in a mice model being inoculated by the B16F10 melanoma cells. In conclusion, the results suggested that LQ plays an intensive role on CDDP suppressing invasion and metastasis through regulating the PI3 K/AKT signal pathway and suppressing the protein expression of MMP-2/9.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Selenium, an essential trace element, showed the significant protective effects against kidney damage induced by some heavy metals. Our previous research have found that the protection effects of selenium on ROS mediated-apoptosis by mitochondria dysfunction in cadmium (Cd)- induced LLC-PK1 cells. The present study as a continuation of our earlier one to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of selenium on Cd-induced apoptosis of kidney in vivo. Cadmium exposure increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and altered the levels of oxidative stress related biomarkers in kidney tissue. A concomitant by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release and regulation of VDAC, Bcl-2 and Bax were observed. Apoptotic nature of cell death is confirmed by activation of caspase-3, which is also supported by histological examination. During the process, selenium played a beneficial role against Cd-induced renal damage. Pretreatment with selenium partially blocked Cd-induced ROS generation, inhibited Cdinduced mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, prevented cytochrome c release, inhibited caspase activation and changed the level of VDAC, Bcl-2 and Bax. Combining all, results suggest that selenium has an ability to inhibit mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in oxidative stress mediated kidney dysfunction caused by cadmium.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a flavanone extracted from Glycyrrhizae, which has multiple biological effects, such as antiinflammation and anticancer. This study is the first to investigate the effect of LQ on the migration of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells in vitro. First, LQ exhibited inhibitory effects on the adhesion and migration of A549 cells in the absence of cytotoxicity. Gelatin zymography and Western blot analysis showed that LQ significantly reduced the expression of promatrix metalloproteinase-2 (proMMP-2) in A549 cells in terms of both activity and protein level. Second, LQ inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt and activated the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). Furthermore, the treatment of inhibitors specific for Akt (LY294002) and ERK1/2 (U0126) to A549 cells resulted in reduced activity of proMMP-2. These results suggested that the inhibition on proMMP-2 expression by LQ may be through suppression on PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, which in turn led to the inhibition of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells migration. However, activation of ERK might not be involved in the regulation of proMMP-2. Taken together, LQ may be considered as a potential interfering agent of cancer progression.
Nanjing Medical University
Nan-ching, Jiangsu, China
- Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene