Junko Ikemoto

Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyōgo, Japan

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Publications (3)9.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose of review: Inconsistent results regarding the clinical efficacy of granulocyte transfusions for the treatment or prophylaxis of life-threatening infections in neutropenic patients have been attributed to insufficient number of transfused neutrophils. Since the introduction of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to the granulocyte mobilization regimen in the 1990s, the number of transfused cells significantly increased, which directly translated to a significant increase in absolute neutrophil counts in the transfused patients. Recent findings: For therapeutic granulocyte transfusions, neither of the two randomized controlled studies in the G-CSF era could demonstrate a clear clinical benefit. However, a number of small studies or case series have suggested its clinical efficacy, including one that demonstrated the clinical response against drug-resistant invasive fusariosis. For prophylactic granulocyte transfusions, there have been scarce reports in the G-CSF era. A pulmonary reaction is the most significant adverse event after granulocyte transfusions, although its reported frequency varies among studies. Summary: Despite the expectation that the increased number of transfused neutrophils enables the clear demonstration of the clinical benefit, the role of therapeutic granulocyte transfusions remains controversial. Future directions may include: identifying the patient population who would benefit most from granulocyte transfusions; minimizing the risk of adverse events by identifying the risk factors and the prevention methods; and finding a way to prove the clinical benefit of granulocyte transfusions in therapeutic and prophylactic settings.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Current opinion in hematology
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we analyzed the kinetics of serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) using data from 77 patients undergoing HLA-haploidentical transplantation using reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC), who were at an advanced stage or at high risk for relapse, to clarify the usefulness of sIL-2R as a biomarker of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Anti-T-lymphocyte globulin and methylprednisolone were used as GVHD prophylaxis. While the median sIL-2R in 38 patients not developing GVHD was suppressed at levels <740 U/ml, sIL-2R in 25 patients developing severe GVHD peaked on day 11 (1,663 U/ml), and thereafter decreased to <1,000 U/ml after day 30. The occurrence of GVHD was not limited to times of high sIL-2R level, but occurred at any time point on the sIL-2R curve. Most patients developing GVHD, however, experienced a higher sIL-2R level early in their transplant course. The combination of RIC and glucocorticoids sufficiently suppressed sIL-2R levels after HLA-haploidentical transplantation. In a multivariate analysis to identify factors associated with GVHD, day 7 sIL-2R >810 U/ml was the only factor significantly associated with the occurrence of severe GVHD (p = 0.0101).
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · International journal of hematology
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Granulocyte mobilization and harvesting, the two major phases of granulocyte collection, have not been standardized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The data on 123 granulocyte collections were retrospectively investigated for the effect of the mobilization regimen and the harvesting technique. After a single subcutaneous dose (600 µg) of granulocyte–colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) with (n = 68) or without (n = 40) 8 mg of orally administered dexamethasone, 108 granulocyte donors underwent granulocyte collections. Moreover, 15 peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donors who had received 400 µg/m2 or 10 µg/kg G-CSF for 5 days underwent granulocyte collections on the day after the last PBSC collections (PBSC-GTX donors). Granulocyte harvesting was performed by leukapheresis with (n = 108) or without (n = 15) using high-molecular-weight hydroxyethyl starch (HES). RESULTS: Granulocyte donors who received mobilization with G-CSF plus dexamethasone produced significantly higher granulocyte yields than those who received G-CSF alone (7.2 × 1010 ± 2.0 × 1010 vs. 5.7 × 1010 ± 1.7 × 1010, p = 0.006). PBSC-GTX donors produced a remarkably high granulocyte yield (9.7 × 1010 ± 2.3 × 1010). The use of HES was associated with better granulocyte collection efficiency (42 ± 7.8% vs. 10 ± 9.1%, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: G-CSF plus dexamethasone produces higher granulocyte yields than G-CSF alone. Granulocyte collection from PBSC donors appears to be a rational strategy, since it produces high granulocyte yields when the related patients are at a high risk for infection and reduces difficulties in finding granulocyte donors. HES should be used in apheresis procedures.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Transfusion