[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endoscopic treatment (ET) has become a widely accepted procedure for treating vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). However, patients followed up after ET over long periods have reported persistent or recurrent VUR. We evaluated the natural course of failed ET in patients who required further treatments to help physicians in making decisions on the treatment of VUR.
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with VUR and underwent ET from January 2006 to December 2009. A total of 165 patients with 260 ureters underwent ET. We compared the parameters of the patients according to ET success or failure and evaluated the natural course of the patients after ET failure.
Mean VUR grade and positive photon defect were higher in the failed ET group than in the successful ET group. Six months after the operation, persistent or recurrent VUR was observed in 76 ureters (29.2%), and by 16.3 months after the operation, VUR resolution was observed in 18 ureters (23.7%). Twenty-five ureters (32.9%) without complications were observed conservatively. Involuntary detrusor contraction was found in 1 of 9 (11.1%) among the secondary ET success group, whereas in the secondary ET failure group, 4 of 6 (66.7%) had accompanying involuntary detrusor contraction.
Patients in whom ET fails can be observed for spontaneous resolution of VUR unless they have febrile urinary tract infection or decreased renal function. Urodynamic study may be helpful in deciding whether a secondary procedure after ET failure is necessary.
Preview · Article · May 2015 · Korean journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
Intravesical electrical stimulation (IVES) has been performed for various purposes in children with a neurogenic bladder. We evaluated the results of IVES on urodynamic study parameters in children with spina bifida.
We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 88 children who received IVES between August 1999 and May 2010 and whose comparative urodynamic data were available before and after treatment. According to the pre-IVES urodynamic study, children were divided into 3 groups: detrusor overactivity, detrusor underactivity and acontractile detrusor. We investigated the changes in detrusor function, bladder capacity and detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia.
In the group showing detrusor overactivity, the bladder had a synergic pattern in 41.7%, and normal detrusor function was observed in 16.7% of them. Bladder capacity increased after IVES therapy, especially in those who started therapy before 18 months of age (p = 0.019). Detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia was resolved in 55.6%. In the acontractile detrusor group, detrusor contraction ability increased in 48%, but bladder capacity did not.
Appropriate candidates for this treatment need to be carefully selected.
No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Journal of pediatric urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess retrospectively the feasibility of intraoperative intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy with cisplatin in epithelial ovarian cancer.
IP chemotherapy during optimal staging surgery was performed in 10 patients who were diagnosed with primary epithelial ovarian cancers between April 2008 and February 2011. Cisplatin (70 mg/m(2) in 1 L normal saline solution) was administered in the abdominal cavity for 24 hours postoperatively and then adjuvant chemotherapy was started 2-4 weeks after surgery. Perioperative toxicity of the combined treatment was evaluated until the initiation of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy.
A total of 23 adverse events were observed in 9 of 10 patients (grade 1, 7; grade 2, 13; grade 3, 3; grade 4, 0). In descending order of frequency, adverse events affected the gastrointestinal system (n=14), hematologic system (n=6), pulmonary system (n=2), and genito-urinary system (n=1). The adverse events did not affect adjuvant systemic chemotherapy schedules. One patient experienced disease recurrence in the liver 16 months after surgery. The remaining 9 patients have been well controlled by chemotherapy and/or observation during the follow-up period of 4 to 39 months after surgery.
Intraoperative IP chemotherapy with cisplatin during surgical procedures is considered feasible for the treatment of primary epithelial ovarian cancer. Further studies, including long-term, prospective and comparative trials, are needed to validate the efficacy of this combined therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the pregnancy outcome and prognosis related to prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain in twin pregnancies according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendation (IOM).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary ovarian leiomyoma is a rare tumor, accounting for only 0.5%-1% of benign ovarian neoplasms. About 80 cases have been reported in the literature worldwide to date. Most cases are asymptomatic and usually found incidentally in routine gynecologic workup, during surgery, or at autopsy. Ovarian leiomyoma is difficult to be differentiated from other ovarian benign and malignant neoplasms, particularly from large ovarian solid tumors. It is important to consider ovary-preserving surgery as the first treatment modality in patients of reproductive age after excluding the possibility of malignancy, given that 80% of ovarian leiomyomas occur in premenopausal women and the size of the mass is larger in younger patients. Here we report a case of ovarian leiomyoma in a 38-year-old female patient who underwent laparoscopic excision of left ovarian mass and uterine myomectomy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protective ventilation strategy has been shown to reduce ventilator-induced lung injury in patients with ARDS. In this study, we questioned whether protective ventilatory settings would attenuate lung impairment during one-lung ventilation (OLV) compared with conventional ventilation in patients undergoing lung resection surgery.
One hundred patients with American Society of Anesthesiology physical status 1 to 2 who were scheduled for an elective lobectomy were enrolled in the study. During OLV, two different ventilation strategies were compared. The conventional strategy (CV group, n=50) consisted of FIO2 1.0, tidal volume (Vt) 10 mL/kg, zero end-expiratory pressure, and volume-controlled ventilation, whereas the protective strategy (PV group, n=50) consisted of FIO2 0.5, Vt 6 mL/kg, positive end-expiratory pressure 5 cm H2O, and pressure-controlled ventilation. The composite primary end point included PaO2/FIO2<300 mm Hg and/or the presence of newly developed lung lesions (lung infiltration and atelectasis) within 72 h of the operation. To monitor safety during OLV, oxygen saturation by pulse oximeter (SpO2), PaCO2, and peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) were repeatedly measured.
During OLV, although 58% of the PV group needed elevated FIO2 to maintain an SpO2>95%, PIP was significantly lower than in the CV group, whereas the mean PaCO2 values remained at 35 to 40 mm Hg in both groups. Importantly, in the PV group, the incidence of the primary end point of pulmonary dysfunction was significantly lower than in the CV group (incidence of PaO2/FIO2<300 mm Hg, lung infiltration, or atelectasis: 4% vs 22%, P<.05).
Compared with the traditional large Vt and volume-controlled ventilation, the application of small Vt and PEEP through pressure-controlled ventilation was associated with a lower incidence of postoperative lung dysfunction and satisfactory gas exchange. Trial registry: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry; No.: ACTRN12609000861257; URL: www.anzctr.org.au.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ethanol embolotherapy is one of the established methods in the treatment of extremity arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The purpose of this study was to report the application of this method to hand AVMs and to assess retrospectively the therapeutic outcomes and complications.
From December 1998 to March 2009, we treated 31 patients with hand AVMs (16 women, 15 men, age range, 5-51 years; mean age, 27 years). With the patients under general anesthesia, they underwent staged ethanol embolotherapy (range, 1-11 sessions; mean, 2.8 sessions) by direct puncture and or intra-arterial approach. Therapeutic outcomes were evaluated by clinical responses of symptoms and signs, as well as the degree of devascularization on angiography. We also divided the patients into three groups according to the extent of involvement: a group involving fingers (n = 14), a group involving fingers and parts of the palm (n = 9), and a group involving parts of the palm (n = 8) and compared the therapeutic outcomes and complications among groups.
One patient (3%) was cured, 22 patients (73%) showed improvement, and 7 patients (23%) showed no change or aggravation after the treatment. One patient was lost to follow-up. Nineteen patients (61%) had one or more complications, including skin necrosis in 14 patients (45%), bullae in 7 patients (23%), joint stiffness or contracture in 6 patients (19%), and transient nerve palsy in 4 patients (13%). All of the complications were resolved completely after 1 to 8 months' (average, 3.4 months) follow-up, except in 2 patients who underwent amputation. According to the location of AVMs, rates of therapeutic benefit and complications were 93% and 64% in the group involving fingers, 38% and 78% in the group involving fingers and the palm, and 88% and 38% in the group involving the palm, respectively.
Ethanol embolotherapy of hand AVMs improves symptoms in a certain percentage of patients with a relatively high risk of complications. According to the extent of AVMs, there was a trend toward a higher complication rate in treatment of AVMs involving fingers and a lower rate of therapeutic benefit in AVMs involving both the fingers and the palm.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: A videourodynamic study is useful for examining the functional and structural problems of the urinary tract simultaneously. Due to its invasiveness, however, it is important to obtain as much information as is possible as the study is being conducted. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a repeated videourodynamic examination in spina bifida children. Materials and Methods: Between January 2005 and July 2006, a total of 48 patients who were diagnosed with spina bifida and underwent repeated videourodynamic studies were enrolled in this study. We compared variables including compliance, involuntary detrusor contraction (IDC), cystometric bladder capacity (CBC), maximum detrusor pressure, and post-voiding residual urine (PVR) between the initial and repeated studies. Results: During the repeated studies, cases of IDC decreased significantly (p < 0.05) compared with the initial studies. No other significant differences were found in terms of compliance, CBC, maximum detrusor pressure, and PVR. Conclusions: There were no significant differences in terms of compliance, CBC, maximum detrusor pressure, and PVR between initial and repeated studies. However, the number of patients who had IDC decreased significantly in the second study. Nevertheless, we conclude that the first examination in this study was enough to evaluate the overall function and structure of the urinary tract. We believe that repeat studies are not necessary in children with spina bifida.
Preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Korean journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This prospective randomized study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of two common analgesic techniques, thoracic epidural patient-controlled analgesia (Epidural PCA), and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA), in patients undergoing lobectomy by the video-assisted thoracic surgical (VATS) approach. Fifty-two patients scheduled for VATS lobectomy were randomly allocated into two groups: an Epidural PCA group receiving an epidural infusion of ropivacaine 0.2%+fentanyl 5 microg/mL combination at a rate of 4 mL/hr, and an IV PCA group receiving an intravenous infusion of ketorolac 0.2 mg/kg+fentanyl 15 microg/mL combination at a rate of 1 mL/hr. Pain scores were then recorded using the visual analogue scale at rest and during motion (VAS-R and VAS-M, 0-10) for five days following surgery. In addition, we measured the daily morphine consumption, forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)), satisfaction score, and the incidence of side effects. Thirty-seven patients out of 52 completed the study (18 in the Epidural PCA group, 19 in the IV PCA group). There were no differences in the pain scores, analgesic requirements, pulmonary function, satisfaction score, and the incidence of side effects between groups. This indicates that IV PCA and Epidural PCA are equally effective to control the postoperative pain after VATS lobectomy, which suggests that IV PCA may be used instead of Epidural PCA.
Preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Journal of Korean medical science