Publications (2)7.5 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study presents preclinical data of a novel interferon (IFN)-α8 fusion protein, PF-04849285, and compares it with IFN-α2 and pegylated IFN-α2; the latter being the current standard of care for HCV. The antiviral properties were evaluated in vitro using the HCV replication assay (replicon) and the general encephalomyocarditis virus assay. The binding affinity to both IFNR-subunits was assessed using surface plasmon resonance. Ex vivo experiments using cynomolgus monkey and human blood were used for the evaluation of induction of IFN-inducible biomarkers (interferon inducible protein 10 [IP-10], 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase [OAS2] and interleukin-6 [IL-6]). The molecule was tested intravenously and subcutaneously in cynomolgus monkey in a single dose study for two weeks at 0.01, 1, 5 and 20 mg/kg. Each route and dose combination was given to a single male animal, blood samples were collected for evaluation of biomarkers and pharmacokinetics. The compound was also tested in cynomolgus monkey in a multiple dose study for four weeks, with a twice-a-week dosing prior to a three-week wash-out period for toxicokinetics, pharmacokinetics, and biomarker evaluation at 20, 50 or 100 mg/kg subcutaneously and 20 mg/kg intravenously. The molecule is 10× more potent than the pegylated IFN-α2a, with potency similar to the unmodified IFN-α2a. No unanticipated findings were observed in cynomolgus monkey when dosed up to 20 mg/kg, >10,000-fold margin over the anticipated efficacious human dose. The biomarker and toxicological findings were consistent with a potent IFN molecule. The potency and pharmacokinetic properties of the molecule are consistent with dosing at least twice daily with the potential for monthly dosing.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PF-05095808 is a novel biological agent for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy. It comprises a recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) DNA vector packaged into an AAV serotype 8 capsid. The vector directs expression of three short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeted to conserved regions of the HCV genome. These shRNAs are processed by the host cell into the small interfering RNAs which mediate sequence-specific cleavage of target regions. For small-molecule inhibitors the key screens needed to assess in vitro activity are well defined; we developed new assays to assess this RNA interference agent and so to understand its therapeutic potential. Following administration of PF-05095808 or corresponding synthetic shRNAs, sequence-specific antiviral activity was observed in HCV replicon and infectious virus systems. To quantify the numbers of shRNA molecules required for antiviral activity in vitro and potentially also in vivo, a universal quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay was developed. The number of shRNA molecules needed to drive antiviral activity proved to be independent of the vector delivery system used for PF-05095808 administration. The emergence of resistant variants at the target site of one shRNA was characterized. A novel RNA cleavage assay was developed to confirm the spectrum of activity of PF-05095808 against common HCV clinical isolates. In summary, our data both support antiviral activity consistent with an RNA interference mechanism and demonstrate the potential of PF-05095808 as a therapeutic agent for chronic HCV infection.