Dong Ki Kim

Soonchunhyang University, Onyang, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea

Are you Dong Ki Kim?

Claim your profile

Publications (88)205.06 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Neutrophils can release the DNA-histone complex into circulation following exposure to inflammatory stimuli. This prospective study investigated whether the DNA-histone complex and other biomarkers could predict major cardiovascular adverse events (MACEs) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: The levels of circulating DNA-histone complexes, cell-free DNA, interleukin (IL)-6, and neutrophil elastase were measured in 60 HD patients and 28 healthy controls. MACE was assessed at 24 months. Uremic toxin-induced neutrophil released contents were measured in vitro. Results: Compared with controls, HD patients showed higher levels of DNA-histone complexes and IL-6. The DNA-histone complex level was inversely associated with the Kt/V. In a multivariable Cox analysis, the high level of DNA-histone complexes was a significant independent predictor of MACE. The uremic toxins induced DNA-histone complex formation in normal neutrophils in vitro. Conclusion: The DNA-histone complex is a potentially useful marker to predict MACE in HD patients. Uremic toxins induced DNA-histone complex formation in vitro.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Blood Purification
  • Kyung Mee Kim · Dong Ki Kim · Yu Ri Shin · Dong chul Yoo
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigates how the socio-demographic characteristics of Koreans with disabilities influence its social exclusion. We surveyed 810 people with various disabilities at welfare agencies for people with disabilities and centers for independent living across the country. We found that academic background, occupation, average monthly household income, health status, degree of disability, and status as a recipient of Korea’s national basic living allowance have the greatest influence on social exclusion. Those who are less educated, receive the national basic living allowance, are unemployed, have less average monthly household income, are less healthy, or are more severely disabled experience higher levels of social exclusion than other people with disabilities do. We investigated four types of social exclusion: exclusion from material distribution, exclusion from social rights, exclusion from participation and relationships, and exclusion based on culture and norms. More participants reported exclusion from social rights than other types of exclusion. Based on these findings, we suggest policy-related ways to lessen the social exclusion of people with disabilities in Korea.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Social Indicators Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a lentivirus-based gene delivery system, the incorporated gene is continuously expressed for a long time. In this study, we devised a simple way to knock down a specific gene in a kidney cell-specific pattern in adult mice by lentivirus-assisted transfer of shRNA. Kidney collecting duct (CD)-specific aquaporin-3 (AQP3)-knockdown mice was generated by consecutive injection of Hoxb7-Cre-expressing lentivirus (LV-Hoxb7 Cre) and loxP-AQP3 shRNA-expressing lentivirus (LV-loxP shAQP3) in adult C57BL6/J mice. LV-Hoxb7 Cre was designed to express mCherry, while LV-loxP shAQP3 was designed with a floxed EGFP tagged stop sequence, and thus EGFP would be expressed only in the absence of Cre recombination.. In mice treated with LV-Hoxb7 Cre alone, mCherry protein expression, which indicates the presence of Cre recombinase, occurred only in CD cells. However, LV-loxP shAQP3 injection alone resulted in an increase in EGFP expression in all kidney cells, indicating the transcription of the floxed region. When LV-Hoxb7 Cre and LV-loxP shAQP3 were sequentially transduced, EGFP expression was attenuated while mCherry expression was sustained in CD cells demonstrating a CD cell specific recombination of the floxed region. AQP3 expression in mice injected with LV-Hoxb7 Cre or LV-loxP shAQP3 alone did not differ, but consecutive injection of LV-Hoxb7 Cre and LV-loxP shAQP3 significantly reduced AQP3 expression in CD cells. However, the expression levels of AQP3 were not altered in other cell types. Double transduction of Cre- and loxP-based lentivirus can easily generate kidney cell-specific knockdown mice, and this method might be applicable to other species.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · AJP Renal Physiology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring has been widely recommended for evaluating the status of BP, but is lacking in practicality. Determination of the specific time points for BP measurement that are representative of 24-hour mean BP could be useful and convenient in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: A total of 1,317 patients for whom 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed were enrolled in a multicenter study on hypertensive CKD. We analyzed the time points at which systolic blood pressure (SBP) values exhibited the smallest differences from 24-hour mean SBP (mSBP). We included office mSBP and analyzed the relationships between SBPs at the office and the time points with the smallest differences from 24-hour mSBP using several methods. Results: The time points with the smallest differences from 24-hour mSBP were 7:00 AM, 2:00 PM, and 9:30 PM. In regression analysis, SBPs at 7:00 AM and 9:30 PM were better correlated with 24-hour mSBP than SBPs at 2:00 PM and the office. The proportions of patients with SBPs within 30% of 24-hour mSBP were higher at 7:00 AM and 9:30 PM. The best consistency between the uncontrolled hypertensive groups, defined as ≥ 135 mmHg of 24-hour mSBP and higher values of SBPs corresponding to 135 mmHg of 24-hour mSBP, were observed at the 7:00 AM and 9:30 PM time points. Conclusions: The specific time points for SBPs that correlated well with 24-hour mSBP in hypertensive CKD patients were 7:00 AM and 9:30 PM.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Morning hypertension (HTN) and nocturnal non-dipping (ND) are closely associated with target organ damage and cardiovascular events. However, their importance in diabetics with advanced renal disease is unclear. We evaluated the relationships of morning HTN and ND with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria, and determined the risk of morning HTN and ND according to presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage. A total of 1312 patients, including 439 with diabetes, were prospectively recruited at 21 centers in Korea. All patients had HTN and an eGFR of 15-89 ml min(-1) per 1.73 m(2). Ambulatory 24-h blood pressure was assessed. The rates of morning HTN (25.2% vs. 13.6%, P<0.001) and ND (58.2% vs. 48.2%, P=0.002) were higher in diabetics than in non-diabetics. eGFR was correlated with ND in all patients (P<0.05) and with morning HTN only in non-diabetics (P=0.005). Proteinuria was related to ND in all patients (P<0.05) and to morning HTN only in diabetics (P=0.001). In a regression analysis, the risk of morning HTN was 2.093 (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.070-4.094) for the DMCKD2 group, 1.634 (95% CI: 1.044-2.557) for the CKD3-4-only group and 2.236 (95% CI: 1.401-3.570) for the DMCKD3-4 group compared with the CKD2-only group. The risk of ND was high for stage 3-4 CKD: 1.581 (95% CI: 1.180-2.120) for non-diabetics and 1.842 (95% CI: 1.348-2.601) for diabetics. Diabetics showed higher rates of morning HTN, ND and uncontrolled sustained HTN compared with non-diabetics with CKD of the same stages.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 27 August 2015; doi:10.1038/hr.2015.89.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Hypertension Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Although adiponectin levels have been reported to be correlated with albuminuria, this issue remains unresolved in non-diabetic hypertensive subjects, particularly when urinary adiponectin is considered. Methods: Urinary adiponectin levels were examined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 229 participants. who used olmesartan as a hypertensive agent. Their albuminuria levels were measured for 16 weeks after randomization and initiation of conventional or intensive diet education. Linear or logistic regression models were applied, as appropriate, to explore the relationship with albuminuria itself or its response after the intervention. Results: Urinary adiponectin levels were positively related to baseline albuminuria level (r = 0.529). After adjusting for several covariates, the adiponectin level was associated with the albuminuria level (β = 0.446). Among the 159 subjects with baseline macroalbuminuria, the risk of consistent macroalbuminuria (> 300 mg/day) at 16 weeks was higher in the 3(rd) tertile of adiponectin than in the 1(st) tertile (odds ratio = 6.9), despite diet education. In contrast, among all subjects, the frequency of the normoalbuminuria achievement (< 30 mg/day) at 16 weeks was higher in the 1(st) tertile than in the 3(rd) tertile (odds ratio = 13.0). Conclusions: Urinary adiponectin may be a useful biomarker for albuminuria or its response after treatment in non-diabetic hypertensive patients.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · BMC Nephrology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The outcomes of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in elderly patients have not been thoroughly investigated. We aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes and risk factors associated with PD in elderly patients. We conducted a prospective observational nationwide adult end-stage renal disease (ESRD) cohort study in Korea from August 2008 to March 2013. Among incident patients (n = 830), patient and technical survival rate, quality of life, and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI) scores of elderly PD patients (≥65 years, n = 95) were compared with those of PD patients aged ≤49 years (n = 205) and 50~64 years (n = 192); and elderly hemodialysis (HD) patients (n = 315). The patient death and technical failure were analyzed by cumulative incidence function. Competing risk regressions were used to assess the risk factors for survival. The patient survival rate of elderly PD patients was inferior to that of younger PD patients (P<0.001). However, the technical survival rate was similar (P = 0.097). Compared with elderly HD patients, the patient survival rate did not differ according to dialysis modality (P = 0.987). Elderly PD patients showed significant improvement in the BDI scores, as compared with the PD patients aged ≤49 years (P = 0.003). Low albumin, diabetes and low residual renal function were significant risk factors for the PD patient survival; and peritonitis was a significant risk factor for technical survival. Furthermore, low albumin and hospitalization were significant risk factors of patient survival among the elderly. The overall outcomes were similar between elderly PD and HD patients. PD showed the benefit in BDI and quality of life in the elderly. Additionally, the technical survival rate of elderly PD patients was similar to that of younger PD patients. Taken together, PD may be a comparable modality for elderly ESRD patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · PLoS ONE
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system exhibits a renoprotective effect; however, blockade of this system may also decrease hemoglobin (Hb) and erythropoietin (EPO) levels. We evaluated the correlation between reduced albuminuria and decreased hemoglobin concentrations after treatment with an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). Two hundred forty-five non-diabetic hypertensive participants with established albuminuria and relatively preserved renal function were treated with an ARB (40 mg/day olmesartan) for eight weeks. Subsequent changes in various clinical parameters, including Hb, EPO, and albuminuria, were analyzed following treatment. After the 8-week treatment with an ARB, Hb and EPO levels significantly decreased. Patients with a greater decrease in Hb exhibited a greater reduction in 24-hour urinary albumin excretion compared with patients with less of a decrease or no decrease in Hb, whereas no associations with a decline in renal function and EPO levels were noted. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated a correlation between the reduction of urine albumin excretion and the decrease in Hb levels (after natural logarithm transformation, adjusted odds ratio 1.76, 95% confidence interval 1.21-2.56, P = 0.003). Linear regression analysis also supported this positive correlation (Pearson correlation analysis; R = 0.24, P < 0.001). Decreased Hb concentrations following ARB treatment were positively correlated with reduced albuminuria in non-diabetic hypertensive patients, regardless of decreased blood pressure and EPO levels or renal function decline.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · PLoS ONE
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the role of protein intake on proteinuria in chronic kidney disease (CKD), as it is presently not conclusive. This is a subanalysis of data from an open-label, case-controlled, randomized clinical trial on education about low-salt diets (NCT01552954). We estimated the urine excretion rate of parameters in a day, adjusted by using the equation for estimating urine creatinine excretion, and analyzed the effect of urine urea nitrogen (UUN), as well as estimating protein intake on the level of albuminuria in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease. Among 174 participants from whom complete 24-h urine specimens were collected, the estimates from the Tanaka equation resulted in the highest accuracy for the urinary excretion rate of creatinine, sodium, albumin, and UUN. Among 227 participants, the baseline value of estimated urine albumin excretion (eUalb) was positively correlated with the estimated UUN (eUUN) or protein intake according to eUUN (P = 0.012 and P = 0.038, respectively). We were able to calculate the ratios of eUalb and eUUN in 221 participants and grouped them according to the ratio of eUUN during 16-wk trial period. The proportion of patients that achieved a decrement of eUalb ≥25% during 16 wk with an angiotensin II type I receptor blocker (ARB) medication was 80% (24 of 30) in group 1, with eUUN ratio ≤-25%; 82.2% (111 of 135) in group 2, with eUUN ratio between -25% and 25%; and 66.1% (37 and 56) in group 3, with eUUN ratio ≥25% (P = 0.048). The probability of a decrease in albuminuria with ARB treatment was lower in patients with an increase of eUUN or protein intake during the 16 wk of ARB treatment, as observed in multiple logistic regression analysis as well. The estimated urine urea excretion rate showed a positive association with the level of albuminuria in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease. The increase of eUUN excretion ameliorated the antiproteinuric effect of ARB. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Nutrition
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury. An accurate understanding of the pathogenesis of CIN is crucial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical role of circulating tumor necrosis factor receptors (cTNFRs) in CIN. From May 2013 to February 2014, 262 patients who underwent coronary angiography and/or percutaneous coronary intervention at Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center were enrolled. CIN was defined as either an increase in serum creatinine ≥ 22.1 μmol/L or ≥ 25% within 48 hours after the procedure. Diabetes and chronic kidney disease accounted for 27.5% and 17.6% of the patients, respectively, and the mean age was 65 years. All patients received fluid therapy, and 36.3% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. A total of 4.2% of the patients developed CIN; younger age, underlying diseases (e.g., stroke and chronic kidney disease), the use of N-acetylcysteine, and elevated concentrations of ln(cTNFRs) were associated with development of CIN. Increased values of ln(cTNFR1) (OR 6.32, 95% CI 2.46-16.28, P < 0.001) and ln(cTNFR2) (OR 3.24, 95% CI 1.26-8.31, P = 0.015) were significantly associated with CIN after adjusting for other risk factors, including baseline renal function. Moreover, an increase of cTNFRs levels was independently correlated with the deterioration of renal function. Markedly elevated concentrations of circulating TNFRs were correlated with the occurrence of CIN and significantly associated with prolonged renal dysfunction regardless of the development of CIN. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Nephrology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has recently become an important issue. It reportedly affects morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In this study, we investigated whether early referral and planned dialysis improve the HRQOL and depression of patients with ESRD. We prospectively enrolled newly diagnosed patients with ESRD, from 31 hospitals in Korea, who completed questionnaires at 3 months after dialysis. We also got follow-up survey at 1 year after dialysis. To measure HRQOL and depression, Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form 36 (KDQOL-36) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI) were utilized. A total of 643 patients were analyzed. Referral type did not affect either KDQOL-36 or BDI scores. However, the planned dialysis group showed significantly better scores in 4 of 5 KDQOL-36 domains than did the unplanned group at 3 months after dialysis and partly, the effect was sustained for 1 year after dialysis. The benefit of planned dialysis was significant after adjusting for age, sex, type of dialysis, marital status, educational attainment, occupation, modified Charlson comorbidity index, albumin, and hemoglobin levels. BDI scores were also lower which indicate less depressive mood in planned dialysis group than those in unplanned group both at 3 months and 1 year after dialysis. Not early referral but planned dialysis improved both the short- and long-term HRQOL and depression of patients with ESRD. Nephrologists should try to help patients to initiate dialysis in a planned manner.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · PLoS ONE
  • Seung Seok Han · Dong Ki Kim · Kook-Hwan Oh · Yon Su Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is one potential treatment option for patients starting dialysis after graft loss (DAGL). However, the infectious outcomes and their associations with steroid use remain undetermined in these patients. A total of 41 DAGL patients undergoing PD were recruited. The patients were divided into low- and high-dose steroid groups according to the median level. Additionally, they were categorized into tapering and nontapering groups, for which the tapering regimen was defined as the withdrawal of steroids within 1 year after starting PD. Primary outcomes, such as peritonitis and exit site infection (ESI), were compared between DAGL and 712 transplant-naive (TN) patients. The overall risk of peritonitis was similar between the TN and DAGL groups. However, when the DAGL group was stratified by the steroid variable, the risk was higher in the high-dose or nontapering steroid groups than in the TN or counterpart steroid groups. The DAGL group had a higher risk of ESI than the TN group, irrespective of steroid dose. When the analysis was stratified by tapering regimen, the difference in ESI risks was seen only in the nontapering group and the TN group; the tapering group had a similar risk of ESI as that of the TN group. The present study first addresses the risks of peritonitis and ESI together and then raises awareness of the high risk that should be considered after using high-dose steroids or the nontapering regimen in the DAGL patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Transplantation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Both acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are important issues in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), particularly with regard to mortality. However, their synergistic or discrete effects on long-term mortality remain unresolved. A total of 1,899 patients undergoing CABG were retrospectively analyzed. The adjusted hazard ratios for all-cause mortality were calculated after stratifying the timeframes. To evaluate the synergistic effects between AKI and CKD, the relative excess risk due to interaction was applied. The presence of AKI, CKD, or both increased the hazard ratios for mortality, compared with the absence of both: AKI alone, 1.84 (1.464-2.319); CKD alone, 2.46 (1.735-3.478); and AKI and CKD together, 3.21 (2.301-4.488). However, the relationships with mortality were different between AKI and CKD, according to the timeframes: AKI primarily affected early mortality, particularly within 3 years, whereas CKD had a relatively constant effect on both the early and late periods. When the parameters from the relative excess risk due to interaction were obtained, there was a synergistic additive effect on early mortality between AKI and CKD. The relationships with mortality after CABG were different between AKI and CKD. However, their effects were not exclusive but synergistic. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · American Heart Journal
  • Dong Ki Kim · Kwon-Wook Joo
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome that carries a poor prognosis even in cases with seemingly mild or reversible renal dysfunction. Although this potentially devastating disease is associated with increased mortality, early detection and timely intervention may improve clinical outcomes. In this regard, a standardized definition and classification of AKI, reflecting prognosis on the basis of evidence, may allow early recognition and stage-based management of the disease. Nevertheless, there has been considerable variability and inconsistency in the definition and classification of AKI, resulting in failure to bridge the gap between research and clinical practice. The definition of AKI has evolved, with the introduction of the "Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage renal disease" (RIFLE), and "AKI Network" (AKIN) criteria. The recent "Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes" (KDIGO) guidelines proposed a uniform definition of AKI, essentially merging the RIFLE and AKIN criteria. This review will focus on the definition and classification of AKI, as proposed by KDIGO in 2012, and their use in clinical practice for clinicians.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: An acid-base imbalance precedes renal disease progression in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known about the effects of a low-salt diet (LSD) on net endogenous acid production (NEAP) levels in CKD patients using angiotensin receptor blockade. Methods: We enrolled a total of 202 nondiabetic CKD patients who underwent an 8-week treatment with olmesartan from the original trial [Effects of Low Sodium Intake on the Antiproteinuric Efficacy of Olmesartan in Hypertensive Patients with Albuminuria (ESPECIAL) trial: NCT01552954]. The patients were divided into good- and poor-LSD-compliance groups. Results: During the interventional 8 weeks, the NEAP in the good-compliance group increased compared to the control group (12.9 ± 32.0 vs. -2.0 ± 35.0 mmol/day, p = 0.002). NEAP was positively associated with the good-LSD-compliance group in the fully adjusted analyses (r = 0.135, p = 0.016). The additional reduction of 2.39 g/day of protein intake with a reduction of 1 g/day of salt intake did not increase the NEAP under angiotensin II receptor blockade (ARB) treatment with an LSD (r = 0.546, p < 0.001). Conclusion: We found that an LSD may increase the NEAP in nondiabetic CKD patients using ARB, which suggests that additional acid producing-protein restriction should be required to prevent the NEAP from rising.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Nephron Clinical Practice
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The clinical benefits of bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS)-guided fluid management in patients on hemodialysis have been widely demonstrated. However, no previous reports have evaluated the effect of regular and serial BIS-guided fluid management on the residual renal function (RRF) in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, we will evaluate the clinical efficacy of BIS-guided fluid management for preserving RRF and protecting cardiovascular events in patients on PD. Methods/design This is a multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trial. A total of 138 participants on PD will be enrolled and randomly assigned to receive either BIS-guided fluid management or fluid management based only on the clinical information for 1 year. The primary outcome is the change in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) between months 0 and 12 after starting treatment. The secondary outcomes will include GFR at month 12, time to the anuric state (urine volume <100 ml/day), and fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events during treatment. Discussion This is the first clinical trial to investigate the effect of BIS-guided fluid management on RRF and for protecting against cardiovascular events in patients on PD. Trial registration Clinical Trials.gov number NCT01887262, June 24, 2013.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Trials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives: The antiproteinuric effect of a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade can be magnified by dietary salt restriction. This study sought to determine the effect of intensive low-salt diet education on BP and urine albumin excretion in nondiabetic patients with hypertension and albuminuria. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: This study was conducted between March of 2012 and March of 2013 as an open-label, randomized, controlled trial. After a run-in period of 8 weeks, all patients received the angiotensin II receptor blocker olmesartan (40 mg daily). Patients were then divided into two groups. One group was treated for another 8 weeks with angiotensin II receptor blocker plus conventional low-salt diet education, and the other group was treated for 8 weeks with angiotensin II receptor blocker plus intensive low-salt diet education. The final analyses was performed with 245 completed patients. Results: The amount of daily albuminuria was significantly decreased from 0 (566.0 [25.0-5398.6] mg/d) to 8 weeks (282.5 [16.1-4898.5] mg/d; P<0.001). From 8 to 16 weeks, the 24-hour urinary sodium excretion was decreased by 36.0±5.9 mmol/d in the intensive education group and 8.8±4.9 mmol/d in the conventional education group (interaction P<0.001). Patients who completed intensive low-salt diet education exhibited greater decreases in urinary albumin excretion than the control group (change in albuminuria from 8 to 16 weeks, -154.0 versus 0.4 mg/d; P=0.01). Urinary albumin excretion tended to decrease as the 24-hour urinary sodium excretion amount decreased (R=0.32; 95% confidence interval, 0.20 to 0.43; P<0.001). Conclusions: The 24-hour urinary albumin excretion was decreased more in patients in the intensive low-salt diet education group than patients in the conventional education group. Weekly intensive education on a low-salt diet would be a suitable method for clinical practice.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a phosphate regulating protein. Several studies demonstrated that elevated FGF23 is independently associated with mortality for early-stage chronic kidney disease and incident hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, little is known about the significance of elevated FGF23 in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Here, we analyzed the association of FGF23 with cardiovascular (CV) events, all-cause mortality, residual renal function (RRF), and CV parameters in PD patients. ♦ Methods: The present study is a single-center, retrospective study. Patients who started PD at Seoul National University Hospital between January 2005 and July 2011 and whose baseline serum samples were available were enrolled. C-terminal FGF23 was measured. Subjects were divided into 2 groups; lower 2 tertiles (FGF23 ≤ 119.0 RU/mL) and top tertile (FGF23 > 119.0 RU/mL). The primary outcome was time to fatal or non-fatal CV events. In the subgroup analysis, the associations of FGF23 with aortic stiffness or with vascular calcification were analyzed. ♦ Results: A total of 205 incident PD patients were analyzed. Mean duration of follow-up was 41.6 ± 20.0 months. The baseline median FGF23 level was 78.6 RU/mL (interquartile range [IQR], 34.1 - 155.0). At baseline, subjects in the higher FGF23 group were younger, and had a lower RRF, lower prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), and cerebrovascular disease. During follow-up, 22 of the 205 patients (10.7%) reached primary outcome. After adjustment for age, DM, pre-existing coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, congestive heart failure, and left ventricular mass index, the higher FGF23 group exhibited significantly higher risk of primary outcome, compared with the lower group (hazard ratio [HR], 2.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05 - 6.12; p = 0.045). There were no significant differences in all-cause mortality and development of anuria between the 2 FGF23 groups. In the subgroup analysis, FGF23 groups were not associated with pulse wave velocity and abdominal aortic calcification score. ♦ Conclusion: Elevated FGF23 is associated with higher risk of adverse CV outcome for incident PD patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Peritoneal dialysis international: journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is not well described the pathophysiology of renal injuries caused by a high salt intake in humans. The authors analyzed the relationship between the 24-hr urine sodium-to-creatinine ratio (24HUna/cr) and renal injury parameters such as urine angiotensinogen (uAGT/cr), monocyte chemoattractant peptide-1 (uMCP1/cr), and malondialdehyde-to-creatinine ratio (uMDA/cr) by using the data derived from 226 hypertensive chronic kidney disease patients. At baseline, the 24HUna/cr group or levels had a positive correlation with uAGT/cr and uMDA/cr adjusted for related factors (P<0.001 for each analysis). When we estimated uAGT/cr in the 24HUna/cr groups by ANCOVA, the uAGT/cr in patients with ≥200 mEq/g cr was higher than in patients with <100 mEq/g cr (708 [95% CI, 448-967] vs. 334 [95% CI, 184-483] pg/mg cr, P=0.014). Similarly, uMDA/cr was estimated as 0.17 (95% CI, 0.14-0.21) pM/mg cr in patients with <100 mEq/g cr and 0.27 (95% CI, 0.20-0.33) pM/mg cr in patients with ≥200 mEq/g cr (P=0.016). During the 16-week follow-up period, an increase in urinary sodium excretion predicted an increase in urinary angiotensinogen excretion. In conclusion, high salt intake increases renal renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) activation, primarily, and directly or indirectly affects the production of reactive oxygen species through renal RAS activation.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of Korean Medical Science
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Kimura disease (KD) is an eosinophilic, granulomatous, benign, chronic inflammatory disease with an unknown etiology. A 33-year-old woman visited our hospital because of a palpable, left subclavian mass, a left scapulo-anterior pseudoaneurysm, and nephrotic syndrome. Her subclavian lymph node biopsy examination result was consistent with KD, and results of a renal biopsy indicated secondary membranous nephropathy. After renal histological examination confirmed nephropathy, treatment with prednisolone and cyclosporine was initiated, which was maintained for over 1 year. However, this therapy only provided a transient improvement in proteinuria. One year after commencing the treatment, both proteinuria and azotemia aggravated as the left axillary mass doubled in size. Finally, the mass was surgically excised, following which the azotemia rapidly normalized and proteinuria resolved within 1 month. This case shows that tumor resection in a patient with KD with secondary nephropathy may resolve secondary renal manifestations. Furthermore, reversible renal dysfunction may be caused by unknown secreted molecules.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2014

Publication Stats

869 Citations
205.06 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • Soonchunhyang University
      Onyang, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea
  • 2009-2015
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2014
    • American Society of Nephrology
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 2003-2009
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2001-2009
    • Yonsei University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Chosun University
      • College of Dentistry
      Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea
  • 2006
    • Korea University
      • Department of Anatomy
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea