[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Endothelial dysfunction has been previously described in metabolic syndrome patients. The levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) inversely correlates with the incidence of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between NAFLD, metabolic syndrome and EPC levels.
Material and methods:
A cross-sectional pilot study was performed at a university hospital in Mexico. Two groups of patients without previously known chronic diseases were studied and classified according to the presence of NAFLD. Anthropometric, dietary, and biochemical variables, and circulating EPC number were measured and compared between the groups.
Forty subjects were included and classified into two groups: patients with NAFLD (n = 20) and a control group (n = 20). The overall prevalence of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome was 25% and 17.5%, respectively. EPC levels were found to be higher in the NAFLD group (p < 0.05) as in the patients with insulin resistance (p < 0.01) and metabolic syndrome (p < 0.01). These levels showed correlation with the severity of steatosis.
Patients with NAFLD have increased levels of EPC, such levels are associated with the severity of NAFLD. These findings may suggest that these cells may play a role in the early natural history of NAFLD. EPC might be increased in an attempt to repair the endothelial damage resulting from metabolic alterations accompanying NAFLD. Further studies are needed to establish the dynamics of these cells in NAFLD.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Some phytochemicals present in coffee have a potential antioxidant role which seems to protect the human body against cardiovascular diseases, liver disease and malignancies. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a common disease with limited therapeutic options. This study investigated the antioxidant effect of coffee by measuring antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation markers in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
We performed a case-control study at the University Hospital, Mexico City. Anthropometric, metabolic, dietary and biochemical variables of all patients were determined and compared. The presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was established by ultrasonography. All patients completed a dietary questionnaire in order to determine their of coffee consumption. Catalase, superoxide dismutase and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances were measured in all of the patients.
Seventy-three subjects with and 57 without nonalcoholic fatty liver disease were included. Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease had significantly higher body mass index, blood glucose, homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance and insulin values in comparison to patients without nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. On the one hand, there was a significant difference in coffee intake between the groups (p < 0.05, for all comparisons). There was no significant difference between groups in catalase (0.39 ± 0.74 vs. 0.28 ± 0.69 nM/min/mL), superoxide dismutase (5.4 ± 3.45 vs. 4.7 ± 2.1 U/mL) or thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (4.05 ± 1.87 vs. 3.94 ± 1.59 µM/mL).
A high intake of coffee has a protective effect against nonalcoholic fatty liver disease however there was no significant difference in the antioxidant variables analyzed.
Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute, acute-on-chronic and chronic liver diseases are major health issues worldwide, and most cases end with the need for liver transplantation. Up to 90% of the patients die waiting for an organ to be transplanted. Hepatic encephalopathy is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome that usually accompanies liver failure and impacts greatly on the quality of life. The molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) is a recently developed form of artificial liver support that functions on a base of albumin dialysis. It facilitates the dialysis of albumin-bound and water-soluble toxins, allowing the patient to survive and even improving some clinical features of liver failure. The following manuscript reviews the technical features of MARS operation and some of the clinical trials that analyze the efficacy of the system in the therapy of liver diseases.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology