Publications (2)7.75 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Eritoran, a synthetic analogue of lipid A, has been shown to bind to TLR4/MD-2 complex and thereby block the interaction of endotoxins with TLR4. We report here the results of a study conducted to assess the single-dose safety and tolerability, as well as the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, of eritoran infusion in Japanese and Caucasian healthy adult men. Sixty-four men (aged 20-45 years; body mass index 18-30 kg/m(2)) were randomized into four groups: 4-mg total dose (six Japanese and six Caucasian men); 12-mg total dose (12 Japanese and 12 Caucasian men); 28-mg total dose (six Japanese and six Caucasian men); and placebo (eight Japanese and eight Caucasian men). Eritoran in single doses up to 28 mg over 4 h was well tolerated, with no apparent ethnic differences noted. Plasma concentrations were slightly higher in Japanese versus Caucasian men; these differences were not significant after adjustment for differences in body mass (clearance: approximately 1.2 ml/h/kg; volume of distribution at steady state: approximately 0.07 l/kg). The ex vivo endotoxin inhibitory activity of eritoran was similar in Japanese and Caucasian men. The data do not indicate any need for clinical dose adjustment for possible ethnic-based differences in drug distribution or metabolism.