Nora Brambilla

Technische Universität München, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (136)395.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We calculate the next-to-next-to-leading correction to the expectation value of the Polyakov loop or equivalently to the free energy of a static charge. This correction is of order $g^5$. We show that up to this order the free energy of the static charge is proportional to the quadratic Casimir operator of the corresponding representation. We also compare our perturbative result with the most recent lattice results in SU(3) gauge theory.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: In a model where Majorana neutrinos heavier than the electroweak scale couple to Standard Model Higgs bosons and leptons, we compute systematically thermal corrections to the direct and indirect CP asymmetries in the Majorana neutrino decays. These are key ingredients entering the equations that describe the thermodynamic evolution of the induced lepton-number asymmetry eventually leading to the baryon asymmetry in the universe. We compute the thermal corrections in an effective field theory framework that assumes the temperature smaller than the masses of the Majorana neutrinos and larger than the electroweak scale, and we provide the leading corrections in an expansion of the temperature over the mass. In this work, we consider the case of two Majorana neutrinos with nearly degenerate masses.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We derive an analytical expression for the chromo-polarizability of $1S$-bottomonium states using weakly-coupled pNRQCD. In this setting the intermediate octet states have Coulombic continuum wavefunctions. We use the QCD trace anomaly to obtain the two-pion production amplitude for the chromo-polarizability operator and match the result to a Chiral Effective Field Theory (EFT) with $1S$-bottomonium states and pions as degrees-of-freedom. In this chiral EFT we compute long range properties of the $1S$-bottomonium generated by the pion coupling such as the leading chiral log to the $1S$-bottomonium mass and the van der Waals potential between two $1S$-bottomonium states.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We construct a nonrelativistic effective field theory description of heavy quarkonium hybrids from QCD. We identify the symmetries of the system made of a heavy quark, a heavy antiquark, and glue in the static limit. Corrections to this limit can be obtained order by order in an expansion in the inverse of the mass $m$ of the heavy quark. At order $1/m$ in the expansion, we obtain at the level of potential Non-Relativistic QCD a system of coupled Schr\"odinger equations that describes hybrid spin-symmetry multiplets, including the mixing of different static energies into the hybrid states, an effect known as $\Lambda$-doubling in molecular physics. In the short distance, the static potentials depend on two nonperturbative parameters, the gluelump mass and the quadratic slope, which can be determined from lattice calculations. We adopt a renormalon subtraction scheme for the calculation of the perturbative part of the potential. We numerically solve the coupled Schr\"odinger equations and obtain the masses for the lowest lying spin-symmetry multiplets for $c\bar{c}$, $b\bar{c}$, and $b\bar{b}$ hybrids. The $\Lambda$-doubling effect breaks the degeneracy between opposite parity spin-symmetry multiplets and lowers the mass of the multiplets that get mixed contributions of different static energies. We compare our findings to the experimental data, direct lattice computations, sum rules calculations, and discuss the relation to the Born-Oppenheimer approximation.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Physical Review D
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    ABSTRACT: This work is on the Physics of the B Factories. Part A of this book contains a brief description of the SLAC and KEK B Factories as well as their detectors, BaBar and Belle, and data taking related issues. Part B discusses tools and methods used by the experiments in order to obtain results. The results themselves can be found in Part C. Please note that version 3 on the archive is the auxiliary version of the Physics of the B Factories book. This uses the notation alpha, beta, gamma for the angles of the Unitarity Triangle. The nominal version uses the notation phi_1, phi_2 and phi_3. Please cite this work as Eur. Phys. J. C74 (2014) 3026.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · European Physical Journal C
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    ABSTRACT: We present an update of our determination of the strong coupling alpha(s) from the quantum chromodynamics static energy. This updated analysis includes new lattice data, at smaller lattice spacings and reaching shorter distances, the use of better suited perturbative expressions to compare with data in a wider distance range, and a comprehensive and detailed estimate of the error sources that contribute to the uncertainty of the final result. Our updated value for alpha(s) at the Z-mass scale, M-Z, is alpha(s)(M-Z) = 0.1166(-0.0008)(+0.0012), which supersedes our previous result.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Physical Review D
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    ABSTRACT: The complete expression of the heavy quark-antiquark potential up to order $1/m^2$ is known from QCD in terms of Wilson loop expectation values. We use that expression and a mapping, assumed to be valid at large distances, between Wilson loop expectation values and correlators evaluated in the effective string theory, to compute the potential. We obtain previously unknown results for the spin and momentum-independent parts of the potential. They may be interpreted as relativistic corrections to the string tension, $\sigma$, effectively reducing it by an amount $9\,\zeta_3/(2\pi^3) \times (\sigma/m)^2$ in the equal mass case. We confirm known results for the other parts of the potential. Finally, we compute the discrete spectrum of a heavy quark-antiquark pair whose interaction is just given by the potential prescribed by the effective string theory.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Physical Review D
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    ABSTRACT: We highlight the progress, current status, and open challenges of QCD-driven physics, in theory and in experiment. We discuss how the strong interaction is intimately connected to a broad sweep of physical problems, in settings ranging from astrophysics and cosmology to strongly-coupled, complex systems in particle and condensed-matter physics, as well as to searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. We also discuss how success in describing the strong interaction impacts other fields, and, in turn, how such subjects can impact studies of the strong interaction. In the course of the work we offer a perspective on the many research streams which flow into and out of QCD, as well as a vision for future developments.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · European Physical Journal C
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    Matthias Berwein · Nora Brambilla · Antonio Vairo
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    ABSTRACT: We give a short overview of the renormalization properties of rectangular Wilson loops, the Polyakov loop correlator and the cyclic Wilson loop. We then discuss how to renormalize loops with more than one intersection, using the simplest non-trivial case as an illustrative example. Our findings expand on previous treatments. The generalized exponentiation theorem is applied to the Polyakov loop correlator and used to renormalize linear divergences in the cyclic Wilson loop.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Physics of Particles and Nuclei
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy Majorana neutrinos enter in many scenarios of physics beyond the Standard Model: in the original seesaw mechanism they provide a natural explanation for the small masses of the Standard Model neutrinos and in the simplest leptogenesis framework they are at the origin of the baryonic matter of the universe. In this paper, we develop an effective field theory for non-relativistic Majorana particles, which is analogous to the heavy-quark effective theory. Then, we apply it to the case of a heavy Majorana neutrino decaying in a hot and dense plasma of Standard Model particles, whose temperature is much smaller than the mass of the Majorana neutrino but still much larger than the electroweak scale. The thermal corrections to the width computed in the effective field theory agree with recent results obtained using different methods, whereas the derivation appears to be simpler. The effective field theory presented here is suitable to be used for a variety of different models involving non-relativistic Majorana fermions.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of High Energy Physics
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    Nora Brambilla · Felix Karbstein · Antonio Vairo
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    ABSTRACT: We study the symmetries of the three-heavy-quark system under exchange of the quark fields within the effective field theory framework of potential nonrelativistic QCD. The symmetries constrain the form of the matching coefficients in the effective theory. We then focus on the color-singlet sector and determine the so far unknown leading ultrasoft contribution to the static potential, which is of order αs4ln⁡μ, and consequently to the static energy, which is of order αs4ln⁡αs. Finally, in the case of an equilateral geometry, we solve the renormalization group equations and resum the leading ultrasoft logarithms for the static potential of three quarks in a color singlet, octet and decuplet representation.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Physical review D: Particles and fields
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    ABSTRACT: In a weak-coupling effective field theory framework we study quarkonium dissociation induced by inelastic scattering with partons in the medium. This is the dominant dissociation process for temperatures such that the Debye mass is larger than the binding energy. We evaluate the dissociation cross section and the corresponding thermal decay width. At leading order we derive a convolution formula relating the two, which is consistent with the optical theorem and QCD at finite temperature. Bound state effects are systematically included. They add contributions to the cross section and width that are beyond a quasi-free approximation, whose validity is critically reviewed. For temperatures such that the Debye mass is smaller than the binding energy, the dominant dissociation mechanism is gluo-dissociation consisting in quarkonium dissociation induced by the absorbtion of a gluon from the medium. We calculate the gluo-dissociation cross section and width at next-to-leading-order accuracy.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of High Energy Physics
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    ABSTRACT: In finite-temperature field theory, the cyclic Wilson loop is defined as a rectangular Wilson loop spanning the whole compactified time direction. In a generic non-abelian gauge theory, we calculate the perturbative expansion of the cyclic Wilson loop up to order g 4. At this order and after charge renormalization, the cyclic Wilson loop is known to be ultraviolet divergent. We show that the divergence is not associated with cusps in the contour but is instead due to the contour intersecting itself because of the periodic boundary conditions. One consequence of this is that the cyclic Wilson loop mixes under renormalization with the correlator of two Polyakov loops. The resulting renormalization equation is tested up to order g 6 and used to resum the leading logarithms associated with the intersection divergence. Implications for lattice studies of this operator, which may be relevant for the phenomenology of quarkonium at finite temperature, are discussed.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal of High Energy Physics
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    ABSTRACT: In the framework of Soft-Collinear Effective Theory, the jet quenching parameter, $\hat{q}$, has been evaluated by adding the effect of Glauber gluon interactions to the propagation of a highly-energetic collinear parton in a medium. The result, which holds in covariant gauges, has been expressed in terms of the expectation value of two Wilson lines stretching along the direction of the four-momentum of the parton. In this paper, we show how that expression can be generalized to an arbitrary gauge by the addition of transverse Wilson lines. The transverse Wilson lines are explicitly computed by resumming interactions of the parton with Glauber gluons that appear only in non-covariant gauges. As an application of our result, we discuss the contribution to $\hat{q}$ coming from transverse momenta of order $g^2T$ in a medium that is a weakly-coupled quark-gluon plasma.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Journal of High Energy Physics

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Physical Review Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We compare lattice data for the short-distance part of the static energy in 2+1 flavor quantum chromodynamics (QCD) with perturbative calculations, up to next-to-next-to-next-to leading-logarithmic accuracy. We show that perturbation theory describes very well the lattice data at short distances, and exploit this fact to obtain a determination of the product of the lattice scale r_0 with the QCD scale Lambda_{MS}. With the input of the value of r_0, this provides a determination of the strong coupling alpha_s at the typical distance scale of the lattice data. We obtain alpha_s(1.5 GeV)=0.326\pm0.019, which provides a novel determination of alpha_s at low energy and with three-loop accuracy (including resummation of the leading ultrasoft logarithms). When this value is evolved to the Z-mass scale M_Z, it corresponds to alpha_s(M_Z)=0.1156^{+0.0021}_{-0.0022}.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Physical review D: Particles and fields
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    Nora Brambilla · Piotr Pietrulewicz · Antonio Vairo
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    ABSTRACT: The paper contains a systematic, model-independent treatment of electric dipole (E1) transitions in heavy quarkonium. Within the effective field theory framework of potential non-relativistic QCD (pNRQCD), we derive the complete set of relativistic corrections of relative order v^2 both for weakly and strongly-coupled quarkonia. The result supports and complements former results from potential model calculations.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Physical review D: Particles and fields
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    ABSTRACT: These are the proceedings of the "Workshop on Precision Measurements of alphas" held at the Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich, February 9-11, 2011. The workshop explored in depth the determination of alphas(mZ) in the MS-bar scheme from the key categories where high precision measurements are currently being made, including DIS and global PDF fits, tau-decays, electroweak precision observables and Z-decays, event-shapes, and lattice QCD. These proceedings contain a short summary contribution from the speakers, as well as the lists of authors, conveners, participants, and talks.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011
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    ABSTRACT: The thermal width of heavy-quarkonium bound states in a quark-gluon plasma has been recently derived in an effective field theory approach. Two phenomena contribute to the width: the Landau damping phenomenon and the break-up of a colour-singlet bound state into a colour-octet heavy quark-antiquark pair by absorption of a thermal gluon. In the paper, we investigate the relation between the singlet-to-octet thermal break-up and the so-called gluo-dissociation, a mechanism for quarkonium dissociation widely used in phenomenological approaches. The gluo-dissociation thermal width is obtained by convoluting the gluon thermal distribution with the cross section of a gluon and a 1S quarkonium state to a colour octet quark-antiquark state in vacuum, a cross section that at leading order, but neglecting colour-octet effects, was computed long ago by Bhanot and Peskin. We will, first, show that the effective field theory framework provides a natural derivation of the gluo-dissociation factorization formula at leading order, which is, indeed, the singlet-to-octet thermal break-up expression. Second, the singlet-to-octet thermal break-up expression will allow us to improve the Bhanot--Peskin cross section by including the contribution of the octet potential, which amounts to include final-state interactions between the heavy quark and antiquark. Finally, we will quantify the effects due to final-state interactions on the gluo-dissociation cross section and on the quarkonium thermal width.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Journal of High Energy Physics
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy quarkonium at finite temperature has been the subject of intense theoretical studies, for it provides a potentially clean probe of the quark-gluon plasma. Recent studies have made use of effective field theories to exploit in a systematic manner the hierarchy of energy scales that characterize the system. In the case of a quarkonium in a medium whose temperature is smaller than the typical momentum transfer in the bound state but larger than its energy, the suitable effective field theory is pNRQCDHTL, where degrees of freedom with energy or momentum larger than the binding energy have been integrated out. Thermal effects are expected to break Poincaré invariance, which, at zero temperature, manifests itself in a set of exact relations between the matching coefficients of the effective field theory. In the paper, we evaluate the leading-order thermal corrections to the spin-orbit potentials of pNRQCDHTL and show that Poincaré invariance is indeed violated. KeywordsHeavy Quark Physics–Thermal Field Theory–QCD
    Preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of High Energy Physics

Publication Stats

4k Citations
395.15 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009-2015
    • Technische Universität München
      • Faculty of Physics
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1992-2011
    • University of Milan
      • Department of Physics
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1990-2011
    • INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
      Frascati, Latium, Italy
  • 2010
    • Università degli Studi di Genova
      • Department of Physics
      Genova, Liguria, Italy
  • 1996-2002
    • Azienda Sanitaria Locale di Milano
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1998-2000
    • University of Vienna
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 1997-2000
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • Institute of Theoretical Physics
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Hampton University
      Hampton, Virginia, United States
  • 1999
    • University of Barcelona
      • Department of Structure and Constituents of Matter
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain