Publications (2)3.9 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess characteristics of hearing impairment (HI) in Mexican Mestizo patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: One hundred thirteen consecutive patients (101 women, aged 43.3 ± 13.1 years) without previously identified HI diagnosis had a structured interview and complete rheumatic and audiologic evaluations, which included at least a pure-tone audiometry and standard and high-frequency tympanometry. Hearing impairment was defined if the average thresholds for at least 1 of low-, mid-, or high-frequency ranges were 25-dB hearing level or greater in 1 ear (unilateral) or both ears (bilateral). Hearing impairment was classified as mild or moderate/severe. Appropriate statistics, multivariate analysis, and receiver operating characteristic curves were used. Results: Hearing impairment was detected in 27 patients (24%), was sensorineural-type HI in 25 (93%), bilateral in 14 (52%), and mild in 20 of them (74%). Normal tympanograms (type A) were found in 93 patients (82%), although high-frequency tympanometry was abnormal in 80 patients (71.4%). Patients with HI were significantly older (51.8 ± 14.1 vs. 40.7 ± 11.7 years, P ≤ 0.001), had more frequent rheumatoid nodules (37% vs. 12.8%, P = 0.001), and had more (median [range]) comorbidities per patient (2 [1-2] vs. 1 [0-2], P = 0.03). Multivariate analysis showed that HI was significantly associated to age (odds ratio, 1.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.15; P ≤ 0.001). The best cutoff level for HI was 50 years of age and increased to 59 years for moderate/severe HI. Conclusions: A significant proportion of Mexican Mestizo outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis had previously undiagnosed HI, mainly of sensorineural type, of mild severity, and bilateral. Older age was the only prognosticator of HI.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prevalence and potential associations of hearing impairment in patients 30 to 50 years old with diabetes diagnosed before age 40 years-early-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The study cohorts consisted of 46 consecutive patients with early-onset T2DM and 47 age-matched control subjects with rheumatoid arthritis. All study subjects completed clinical, serologic, and auditory assessments. The patients with T2DM had a mean age of 42 ± 6 years and a mean disease duration of 11 ± 6 years. Microalbuminuria was present in 26.1%, proliferative retinopathy in 26.1%, and symptomatic peripheral neuropathy in 23.9%. The prevalence of unilateral or bilateral hearing loss was significantly higher in the patients with T2DM than in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis (21.7% versus 6.4%, respectively; P = .01). Most cases of hearing loss were mild and involved high or acute tones. After multivariate analysis with adjustment for age, there was a significant association between hearing loss and hemoglobin A1c (odds ratio, 1.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.81; P = .035). In the patients with T2DM, the lengthening of the brainstem response was not significantly increased; however, the wave morphologic features were abnormal and the reproducibility was poor in both ears in 11 patients (24%). Patients with early-onset T2DM and poor glycemic control have an increased prevalence of subclinical hearing loss and impaired auditory brainstem responses. Hearing impairment may be an underrecognized complication of diabetes.