[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The proteins of Ras family are a large group of monomeric GTPases and act as molecular switches transducing extracellular signals into the cell in higher eukaryotes. However, little is known about roles of Ras family in the foliar pathogens. In this research, we cloned the gene named StRas2 encoding Ras in Setosphaeria turcica and investigated its function by RNA interference technology. We found that the growth rate of RNAi transformants named as R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6, in which the StRas2 silencing efficiency fell in turn. With the highest silencing efficiency, the transformant R1 showed anomalistic hyphae morphology, indicating its growth was significantly affected. The transformants with a middle-silencing efficiency, such as R3, R4, displayed a delay when forming appressoria and invasive hyphae. R1 could not form conidia and appressoria. However, the conidial formation in R5 and R6 was significantly reduced, and these two transformants could form appressoria and penetrate the artificial cellophane, only that its invasive hyphae were fascicular and rarely branched. The HT-toxin biological activity of all transformants showed no difference. All results suggested that StRas2 is involved in the morphogenesis, conidiation, and appressorium development and is not related to the biosynthesis of HT-toxin.
Preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Microbiological Research