Martin B Leon

Columbia University, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (764)7319.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives This study sought to evaluate: 1) the effect of impaired renal function on long-term clinical outcomes in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES); and 2) the safety and efficacy of new-generation compared with early-generation DES in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Background The prevalence and effect of CKD in women undergoing PCI with DES is unclear. Methods We pooled patient-level data for women enrolled in 26 randomized trials. The study population was categorized by creatinine clearance (CrCl) <45 ml/min, 45 to 59 ml/min, and ≥60 ml/min. The primary endpoint was the 3-year rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Participants for whom baseline creatinine was missing were excluded from the analysis. Results Of 4,217 women included in the pooled cohort treated with DES and for whom serum creatinine was available, 603 (14%) had a CrCl <45 ml/min, 811 (19%) had a CrCl 45 to 59 ml/min, and 2,803 (66%) had a CrCl ≥60 ml/min. A significant stepwise gradient in risk for MACE was observed with worsening renal function (26.6% vs. 15.8% vs. 12.9%; p < 0.01). Following multivariable adjustment, CrCl <45 ml/min was independently associated with a higher risk of MACE (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.56; 95% confidence interval: 1.23 to 1.98) and all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.67; 95% confidence interval: 1.85 to 3.85). Compared with older-generation DES, the use of newer-generation DES was associated with a reduction in the risk of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or stent thrombosis in women with CKD. The effect of new-generation DES on outcomes was uniform, between women with or without CKD, without evidence of interaction. Conclusions Among women undergoing PCI with DES, CKD is a common comorbidity associated with a strong and independent risk for MACE that is durable over 3 years. The benefits of newer-generation DES are uniform in women with or without CKD.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · JACC Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The safety and efficacy of new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) in women with multiple atherothrombotic risk (ATR) factors is unclear. Methods and results: We pooled patient-level data for women enrolled in 26 randomized trials. Study population was categorized based on the presence or absence of high ATR, which was defined as having history of diabetes mellitus, prior percutaneous or surgical coronary revascularization, or prior myocardial infarction. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization at 3 years of follow-up. Out of 10 449 women included in the pooled database, 5333 (51%) were at high ATR. Compared with women not at high ATR, those at high ATR had significantly higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (15.8% versus 10.6%; adjusted hazard ratio: 1.53; 95% confidence interval: 1.34-1.75; P=0.006) and all-cause mortality. In high-ATR risk women, the use of new-generation DES was associated with significantly lower risk of 3-year major adverse cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.69; 95% confidence interval: 0.52-0.92) compared with early-generation DES. The benefit of new-generation DES on major adverse cardiovascular events was uniform between high-ATR and non-high-ATR women, without evidence of interaction (Pinteraction=0.14). At landmark analysis, in high-ATR women, stent thrombosis rates were comparable between DES generations in the first year, whereas between 1 and 3 years, stent thrombosis risk was lower with new-generation devices. Conclusions: Use of new-generation DES even in women at high ATR is associated with a benefit consistent over 3 years of follow-up and a substantial improvement in very-late thrombotic safety.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most frequent degenerative valvular heart disease in Western countries and its prevalence increases in parallel with the ageing process of the population. Heart failure (HF), defined by the presence of reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, may be present in up to a quarter of patients with severe AS, posing diagnostic and management challenges. The present article reviews the prevalence of HF in severe AS patients, discusses the diagnostic challenges and the advances in multimodality imaging to identify the patients that may benefit from surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and summarizes the current evidence on management for this group of patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Journal of Heart Failure
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: We sought to investigate the prognostic impact of the SYNTAX (Synergy between PCI with TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) score (SS) on 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) undergoing medical therapy only. Methods and results: Among the 13 819 patients enrolled in the ACUITY trial and undergoing coronary angiogram, 4491 patients were treated with medical therapy as the initial strategy. Of those, baseline SS and complete angiographic analysis were available in 1275 patients. Patients were divided in four groups based on the presence or absence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and subsequently, among patients with CAD, by SS. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and its individual components (death, myocardial infarction, and unplanned revascularization) were compared between groups. Among the 1275 patients, the mean SS was 3.5 ± 7.0 (range 0-45). SYNTAX score was 0 in 842 patients, >0 and ≤5 in 170, >5 and ≤11 in 119, and >11 in 144 patients. The 1-year rates of MACE were higher in patients with CAD and higher SS. By multivariable analysis, the SS was a strong predictor of all adverse ischaemic events, including mortality. By receiver operator characteristic analysis, an SS cut-off of 8 showed the best prognostic accuracy for death and MACE. Conclusion: In patients with NSTE ACS undergoing medical therapy, the SS, especially when >8, was shown to be a strong predictor of 1-year MACE, including mortality. This finding has important clinical implications for risk stratification of patients with NSTE ACS undergoing medical therapy after an initial angiogram.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · European Heart Journal

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · European Heart Journal

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · JACC Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and effectiveness of the SAPIEN XT versus SAPIEN systems (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) in patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis (AS) who were not candidates for surgery.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background A finding of reduced aortic-valve leaflet motion was noted on computed tomography (CT) in a patient who had a stroke after transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) during an ongoing clinical trial. This finding raised a concern about possible subclinical leaflet thrombosis and prompted further investigation. Methods We analyzed data obtained from 55 patients in a clinical trial of TAVR and from two single-center registries that included 132 patients who were undergoing either TAVR or surgical aortic-valve bioprosthesis implantation. We obtained four-dimensional, volume-rendered CT scans along with data on anticoagulation and clinical outcomes (including strokes and transient ischemic attacks [TIAs]). Results Reduced leaflet motion was noted on CT in 22 of 55 patients (40%) in the clinical trial and in 17 of 132 patients (13%) in the two registries. Reduced leaflet motion was detected among patients with multiple bioprosthesis types, including transcatheter and surgical bioprostheses. Therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin, as compared with dual antiplatelet therapy, was associated with a decreased incidence of reduced leaflet motion (0% and 55%, respectively, P=0.01 in the clinical trial; and 0% and 29%, respectively, P=0.04 in the pooled registries). In patients who were reevaluated with follow-up CT, restoration of leaflet motion was noted in all 11 patients who were receiving anticoagulation and in 1 of 10 patients who were not receiving anticoagulation (P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke or TIA between patients with reduced leaflet motion and those with normal leaflet motion in the clinical trial (2 of 22 patients and 0 of 33 patients, respectively; P=0.16), although in the pooled registries, a significant difference was detected (3 of 17 patients and 1 of 115 patients, respectively; P=0.007). Conclusions Reduced aortic-valve leaflet motion was shown in patients with bioprosthetic aortic valves. The condition resolved with therapeutic anticoagulation. The effect of this finding on clinical outcomes including stroke needs further investigation. (Funded by St. Jude Medical and Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute; Portico-IDE ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02000115 ; SAVORY registry, NCT02426307 ; and RESOLVE registry, NCT02318342 .).
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · New England Journal of Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To identify number of cases needed to maximize device success and minimize adverse events after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TF-TAVR), and determine if adverse events were linked to the technical performance learning curve.BackgroundTF-TAVR is a complex procedure with an incompletely characterized learning curve for clinical outcomes.Methods From 4/2007–2/2012, 1521 patients underwent TF-TAVR in the PARTNER-I trial. Outcomes learning curves were defined as number of cases needed to reach a plateau for device success, adverse events, and post-procedure length of stay. Institutional variation was accounted for by mixed-model non-linear techniques, which were also used to identify contribution of the procedure time learning curve to 30-day major adverse events and length of stay.ResultsEighty percent device success was achieved after 22 cases; major vascular complications fell below 5% after 70 cases and major bleeding below 10% after 25 cases. It took an average of 28 cases to achieve a consistent low risk of 30-day major adverse events, but institutions entering in the middle of the trial achieved it after about 26. The most significant correlate of 30-day major adverse events and post-procedure length of stay was procedure time (P < 0.0001). However, this association was related to patient and unmeasured variables, not the procedure time learning curve (P = 0.6).Conclusions By end of trial, a consistent low risk of adverse events was achieved after ∼26 cases. However, these improved results were due to change in patient risk profile; outcomes were not linked to the technical performance learning curve. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: SYMPLICITY HTN-3, the first trial of renal denervation (RDN) versus sham, enrolled 26% African Americans, a prospectively stratified cohort. Although the 6-month systolic blood pressure (SBP) reduction in African Americans (AAs) was similar in the RDN group (-15.5 ± 25.4 mm Hg, n = 85 vs. -17.8 ± 29.2, n = 49, P = .641), the sham SBP response was 9.2 mm Hg greater (P = .057) in AAs than non-AAs. In multivariate analyses, sham SBP response was predicted by an interaction between AA and a complex antihypertensive regimen (at least one antihypertensive medication prescribed ≥3 times daily), while in the RDN group, SBP response was predicted by an interaction between AA race and baseline BP ≥ 180 mm Hg. AA race did not independently predict SBP response in either sham or RDN. There appears to be effect modification by race with individual-level patient characteristics in both treatment arms that affect the observed pattern of SBP responses.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of the American Society of Hypertension (JASH)

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To examine the benefit of the Tryton dedicated side branch (SB) stent compared with provisional stenting in the treatment of complex bifurcation lesions involving large SBs.Background The TRYTON Trial was designed to evaluate the utility of a dedicated SB stent to treat true bifurcation lesions involving large (≥2.5 mm by visual estimation) SBs. Patient enrolled in the trial had smaller SB diameters than intended (59% SB ≤2.25 mm by Core Lab QCA). The TRYTON Trial did not meet its primary endpoint due to an increased rate of peri-procedural myocardial infarctions (MIs).Methods The TRYTON Trial randomized 704 patients to the Tryton SB stent with main vessel DES versus provisional SB treatment with main vessel DES. The rates of the primary end point of target vessel failure and the secondary powered end point of angiographic percent diameter stenosis in the SB at 9 months were assessed and compared between the two treatment strategies among patients with a SB ≥2.25 mm diameter at baseline determined by Core Lab QCA.ResultsAmong the 704 patients enrolled in the TRYTON Trial, 289 patients (143 provisional and 146 Tryton stent; 41% of entire cohort) had a SB ≥2.25 mm. The primary end point of TVF was numerically lower in the Tryton group compared with the provisional group (11.3% vs. 15.6%, P = 0.38), and was within the non-inferiority margin. No difference among the rates of clinically driven target vessel revascularization (3.5% vs. 4.3% P = 0.77) or cardiac death (0% both groups) were seen. In-segment percent diameter stenosis of the SB was significantly lower in the Tryton group compared with the provisional group (30.4% vs. 40.6%, P = 0.004).Conclusions Analysis of the TRYTON Trial cohort of SB ≥2.25 mm supports the safety and efficacy of the Tryton SB stent compared with a provisional stenting strategy in the treatment of bifurcation lesions involving large SBs. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives This study sought to clarify the clinical and echocardiographic prognostic implication of myocardial injury after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background The clinical significance of cardiac biomarker elevation after TAVR remains unclear. Methods Patients treated with TAVR in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) trial were divided into tertiles (T1, T2, T3) based on the difference between the values on post-procedure day 1 and the baseline values of 2 cardiac biomarkers: cardiac troponin I (ΔcTnI); and creatine kinase-myocardial band (ΔCK-MB) fraction. Patients were stratified according to their access route: transfemoral (TF) (n = 1,840) or transapical (TA) (n = 1,173). Results At 30 days after TF-TAVR, patients in the highest tertile (T3) of cardiac biomarker elevation had a higher rate of all-cause mortality (ΔcTnI: T3: 5.4% vs. T1: 0.5%, p = 0.006; ΔCK-MB: T3: 5.7% vs. T1: 0.9%, p = 0.006) and cardiovascular mortality (ΔcTnI: T3: 4.9% vs. T1: 0.5%, p = 0.01; ΔCK-MB: T3: 3.9% vs. T1: 0.5%, p = 0.02). At 1 year, only patients in the highest CK-MB tertile had higher rates of all-cause (25.4% vs. 16.8%, p = 0.02) and cardiovascular (10.3% vs. 5.0%) mortality. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that greater release of cardiac biomarkers was independently associated with increased mortality in the TF population. After TA-TAVR, being in the highest tertile of cardiac biomarker elevation had no influence on clinical and echocardiographic outcomes at 30 days and 1 year. Conclusions After TF-TAVR, a greater degree of myocardial injury was associated with higher rates of 30-day all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. At 1 year, being in the highest tertile of ΔCK-MB was correlated with a higher rate of all-cause and cardiac mortality. Finally, the level of myocardial injury after TA-TAVR had no impact on clinical and echocardiographic outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · JACC Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: The long-term risk associated with different coronary artery disease (CAD) presentations in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) is poorly characterized. We pooled patient-level data for women enrolled in 26 randomized clinical trials. Of 11,577 women included in the pooled database, 10,133 with known clinical presentation received a DES. Of them, 5,760 (57%) had stable angina pectoris (SAP), 3,594 (35%) had unstable angina pectoris (UAP) or non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and 779 (8%) had ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) as clinical presentation. A stepwise increase in 3-year crude cumulative mortality was observed in the transition from SAP to STEMI (4.9% vs 6.1% vs 9.4%; p <0.01). Conversely, no differences in crude mortality rates were observed between 1 and 3 years across clinical presentations. After multivariable adjustment, STEMI was independently associated with greater risk of 3-year mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 3.45; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.99 to 5.98; p <0.01), whereas no differences were observed between UAP or NSTEMI and SAP (HR 0.99; 95% CI 0.73 to 1.34; p = 0.94). In women with ACS, use of new-generation DES was associated with reduced risk of major adverse cardiac events (HR 0.58; 95% CI 0.34 to 0.98). The magnitude and direction of the effect with new-generation DES was uniform between women with or without ACS (pinteraction = 0.66). In conclusion, in women across the clinical spectrum of CAD, STEMI was associated with a greater risk of long-term mortality. Conversely, the adjusted risk of mortality between UAP or NSTEMI and SAP was similar. New-generation DESs provide improved long-term clinical outcomes irrespective of the clinical presentation in women. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · The American Journal of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Echocardiographic calculation of effective orifice area (EOA) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement is integral to the assessment of transcatheter heart valve (THV) function. The aim of this study was to determine the most accurate method for calculating the EOA of the Edwards SAPIEN and SAPIEN XT THVs. One hundred intraprocedural transesophageal echocardiograms were analyzed. To calculate the post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) stroke volume (SV), four diameters were measured using two-dimensional echocardiography: (1) baseline LVOT diameter (LVOTd_PRE), (2) postimplantation LVOT diameter, (3) native aortic annular diameter, and (4) THV in-stent diameter. Four corresponding areas were planimetered by three-dimensional echocardiography. Two LVOT velocity-time integrals (VTI) were measured with the pulsed-wave Doppler sample volume at (1) the proximal (apical) edge of the valve stent or (2) within the valve stent at the level of the THV cusps. LVOT velocity-time integral with the sample volume at the proximal edge of the valve stent was used with the LVOT and aortic annular measurements above, whereas in-stent VTI was paired with the in-stent THV diameter to yield eight different SVs. Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) SV was calculated using RVOT diameter and RVOT VTI and was used as the primary comparator. Transaortic VTI was obtained by continuous-wave Doppler, and EOA calculations using each SV measurement were compared with (1) EOA calculated using RVOTSV and (2) planimetered aortic valve area using three-dimensional echocardiography (AVAplanimetry3D). Post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement EOA calculated using LVOTd_PRE was not significantly different from EOA calculated using RVOTSV (1.88 ± 0.33 vs 1.86 ± 0.39 cm(2), P = .36) or from AVAplanimetry3D (1.85 ± 0.28, P = .38, n = 34). All other two-dimensional EOA calculations were statistically larger than EOA calculated using RVOTSV. All three-dimensional echocardiography-based EOA calculations were statistically different from AVAplanimetry3D. The most accurate EOA after implantation of a balloon-expandable THV is calculated using preimplantation LVOT diameter and VTI. Copyright © 2015 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the difference in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 3 years after double-kissing (DK) crush versus culotte stenting for unprotected left main distal bifurcation lesions (LMDBLs). The multicenter and randomized DKCRUSH-III (Comparison of double kissing crush versus culotte stenting for unprotected distal left main bifurcation lesions: results from a multicenter, randomized, prospective study) showed that DK crush stenting was associated with fewer MACE at 1-year follow-up in patients with LMDBLs compared with culotte stenting. Here, we report the 3-year clinical outcome of the DKCRUSH-III study. A total of 419 patients with LMDBLs who were randomly assigned to either the DK crush or culotte group in the DKCRUSH-III study were followed for 3 year. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a MACE at 3 years. Stent thrombosis (ST) was the safety endpoint. Patients were classified by simple and complex LMDBLs according to the DEFINITION (Definition and Impact of Complex Bifurcation Lesions on Clinical Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Using Drug-Eluting Stents) study criteria. At 3 years, MACE occurred in 49 patients the culotte group and in 17 patients in the DK crush group (cumulative event rates of 23.7% and 8.2%, respectively; p < 0.001), mainly driven by increased myocardial infarction (8.2% vs. 3.4%, respectively; p = 0.037) and target-vessel revascularization (18.8% vs. 5.8%, respectively; p < 0.001) between groups. Definite ST rate was 3.4% in the culotte group and 0% in the DK crush group (p = 0.007). Complex LMDBLs were associated with a higher rate of MACE (35.3%) at 3 years compared with a rate of 8.1% in patients with simple LMDBLs (p < 0.001), with an extremely higher rate in the culotte group (51.5% vs. 15.1%, p < 0.001). Culotte stenting for LMDBLs was associated with significantly increased rates of MACE and ST. (Double Kissing [DK] Crush Versus Culotte Stenting for the Treatment of Unprotected Distal Left Main Bifurcation Lesions: DKCRUSH-III, a Multicenter Randomized Study Comparing Double-Stent Techniques; ChiCTR-TRC-11001877). Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: The most common causes of in-stent restenosis (ISR) are intimal hyperplasia and stent under expansion. The purpose of this study was to use intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to compare the ISR mechanisms of bare metal stents (BMS), first-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), and second-generation DES. There were 298 ISR lesions including 52 BMS, 73 sirolimus-eluting stents, 52 paclitaxel-eluting stents, 16 zotarolimus-eluting stents, and 105 everolimus-eluting stent. Mean patient age was 66.6 ± 1.1 years, 74.2% were men, and 48.3% had diabetes mellitus. BMS restenosis presented later (70.0 ± 66.7 months) with more intimal hyperplasia compared with DES (BMS 58.6 ± 15.5%, first-generation DES 52.6 ± 20.9%, second-generation DES 48.2 ± 22.2%, p = 0.02). Although reference lumen areas were similar in BMS and first- and second-generation DES, restenotic DES were longer (BMS 21.8 ± 13.5 mm, first-generation DES 29.4 ± 16.1 mm, second-generation DES 32.1 ± 18.7 mm, p = 0.003), and stent areas were smaller (BMS 7.2 ± 2.4 mm(2), first-generation DES 6.1 ± 2.1 mm(2), second-generation DES 5.7 ± 2.0 mm(2), p <0.001). Stent fracture was seen only in DES (first-generation DES 7 [5.0%], second-generation DES 8 [7.4%], p = 0.13). In conclusion, restenotic first- and second-generation DES were characterized by less neointimal hyperplasia, smaller stent areas, longer stent lengths, and more stent fractures than restenotic BMS. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The American journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with increased mortality after surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for aortic stenosis (AS), and when the pulmonary artery pressure is particularly elevated, there may be questions about the clinical benefit of TAVR. We aimed to identify clinical and haemodynamic factors associated with increased mortality after TAVR among those with moderate/severe PH. Methods Among patients with symptomatic AS at high or prohibitive surgical risk receiving TAVR in the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) I randomised trial or registry, 2180 patients with an invasive measurement of mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) recorded were included, and moderate/severe PH was defined as an mPAP ≥35&emsp14;mm&emsp14;Hg. Results Increasing severity of PH was associated with progressively worse 1-year all-cause mortality: none (n=785, 18.6%), mild (n=838, 22.7%) and moderate/severe (n=557, 25.0%) (p=0.01). The increased hazard of mortality associated with moderate/severe PH was observed in females, but not males (interaction p=0.03). In adjusted analyses, females with moderate/severe PH had an increased hazard of death at 1&emsp14;year compared with females without PH (adjusted HR 2.14, 95% CI 1.44 to 3.18), whereas those with mild PH did not. Among males, there was no increased hazard of death associated with any severity of PH. In a multivariable Cox model of patients with moderate/severe PH, oxygen-dependent lung disease, inability to perform a 6&emsp14;min walk, impaired renal function and lower aortic valve mean gradient were independently associated with increased 1-year mortality (p
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)
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    ABSTRACT: Many patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have a pre-existing, permanent pacemaker (PPM) or receive one as a consequence of the procedure. We hypothesised that chronic pacing may have adverse effects on TAVI outcomes. Four groups of patients undergoing TAVI in the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) trial and registries were compared: prior PPM (n=586), new PPM (n=173), no PPM (n=1612), and left bundle branch block (LBBB)/no PPM (n=160). At 1 year, prior PPM, new PPM and LBBB/no PPM had higher all-cause mortality than no PPM (27.4%, 26.3%, 27.7% and 20.0%, p<0.05), and prior PPM or new PPM had higher rehospitalisation or mortality/rehospitalisation (p<0.04). By Cox regression analysis, new PPM (HR 1.38, 1.00 to 1.89, p=0.05) and prior PPM (HR 1.31, 1.08 to 1.60, p=0.006) were independently associated with 1-year mortality. Surviving prior PPM, new PPM and LBBB/no PPM patients had lower LVEF at 1 year relative to no PPM (50.5%, 55.4%, 48.9% and 57.6%, p<0.01). Prior PPM had worsened recovery of LVEF after TAVI (Δ=10.0 prior vs 19.7% no PPM for baseline LVEF <35%, p<0.0001; Δ=4.1 prior vs 7.4% no PPM for baseline LVEF 35-50%, p=0.006). Paced ECGs displayed a high prevalence of RV pacing (>88%). In the PARTNER trial, prior PPM, along with new PPM and chronic LBBB patients, had worsened clinical and echocardiographic outcomes relative to no PPM patients, and the presence of a PPM was independently associated with 1-year mortality. Ventricular dyssynchrony due to chronic RV pacing may be mechanistically responsible for these findings. (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00530894). Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)

Publication Stats

49k Citations
7,319.49 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004-2016
    • Columbia University
      • • Division of Cardiology
      • • Department of Medicine
      New York, New York, United States
    • Methodist Hospitals
      Gary, Indiana, United States
    • PinnacleHealth Harrisburg Hospital in Harrisburg
      Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States
    • Duke University
      Durham, North Carolina, United States
    • Deutsches Herzzentrum München
      München, Bavaria, Germany
    • Allegheny General Hospital
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
    • Cornell University
      Итак, New York, United States
  • 2003-2015
    • New York Presbyterian Hospital
      • Department of Cardiology
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1999-2015
    • Cardiovascular Research Foundation
      New York, New York, United States
    • The Washington Hospital
      Washington, Pennsylvania, United States
    • Kokura Memorial Hospital
      Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2011-2014
    • Mid-Columbia Medical Center
      DLS, Oregon, United States
  • 2004-2014
    • CUNY Graduate Center
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1996-2014
    • Stanford University
      • Department of Surgery
      Stanford, California, United States
    • University of California, San Diego
      San Diego, California, United States
  • 2013
    • Durham University
      Durham, England, United Kingdom
  • 1997-2012
    • Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
    • University of Ulsan
      • College of Medicine
      Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2003-2011
    • Gracie Square Hospital, New York, NY
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2007
    • University of Hamburg
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • 2001-2006
    • Lenox Hill Hospital
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2002-2004
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
    • Rabin Medical Center
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 2001-2004
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2002-2003
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      Рочестер, Minnesota, United States
  • 1992-2001
    • Washington Hospital Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 2000
    • University of Alabama at Birmingham
      Birmingham, Alabama, United States
  • 1998-1999
    • Washington Research Foundation
      Seattle, Washington, United States
  • 1995-1997
    • Washington DC VA Medical Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
    • William Beaumont Army Medical Center
      El Paso, Texas, United States
    • Ajou University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Arizona Heart Foundation
      Phoenix, Arizona, United States
  • 1994
    • Emory University
      • Division of Cardiology
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 1993
    • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
      • Division of General Internal Medicine
      Los Ángeles, California, United States
  • 1991
    • Yale-New Haven Hospital
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
  • 1982-1991
    • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
      • Hematology Branch
      Maryland, United States
  • 1981-1989
    • National Institutes of Health
      Maryland, United States
  • 1987
    • State of Maryland
      Maryland City, Maryland, United States