Andrea Vannini Santesso Caiuby

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (7)1.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The scope of this article is to screen the symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among the professionals who provided humanitarian aid for the Haitian population after the 2010 earthquake. It involvess a cross-sectional study. The Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R) was used for screening symptoms of PTSD. The participants included 32 Brazilians (mean age = 37.58 +/-7.01), 22 Americans (mean age =33.67 +/-8.03) and 12 Ecuadorians (mean age = 44.80 +/- 15.88). The professionals did not have PTSD symptoms. The relationship between prior experience variables in disaster situations and the total score of the IES-R (F (2) = 4.34, p = 0.017), as well as prior experience in disaster situations and the intrusion subscale (F (2) = 3.94, p = 0.024) were significant in linear regression models. The number of prior experiences was revealed as a significant predictor for the total score of IES (p < 0.05). The results showed that current experiences can be exacerbated by memories of prior experiences, increasing the likelihood of developing PTSD. Therefore the mental health care of the professionals should foster the early identification of prior experience risk factors, thereby not permitting voluntary initiative to transcend selective criteria and specific care.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Ciencia & saude coletiva
  • Andrea Vannini Santesso Caiuby · Shirley Silva Lacerda

    No preview · Chapter · Jan 2013
  • Paola Bruno de Araujo Andreoli · Andrea Vannini Santesso Caiuby · Shirley Silva Lacerda

    No preview · Book · Jan 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Due to the epistemological irreducibility between Psychometrics and Psychoanalysis we reject the hypothesis that the Defensive Style Questionnaire assesses ego defense mechanisms. To identify the constructs assessed by the Defensive Style Questionnaire we delineated an exploratory psychometrical work. In the current research, participated responding the Defensive Style Questionnaire and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview a representative sample of the São Paulo State prisoner population of 1775 individuals. Analyses were characterized by item selection, factor analysis, internal consistency analysis, correlations and t-tests. Results downsized the number of items from 78 to 23 and reveled four oblique factors with acceptable consistency for three and insufficient for the fourth factor. Significant associations were found between the second factor and drug addiction and among the first and third factors and cognitive deficit. The instrument seems to assess a non-pathological dimension of mental distress and three affective coping dimensions; nevertheless, there is no support for its clinical application.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012
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    ABSTRACT: The Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) is used to screen for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to assess the cross-cultural adaptation of the IES-R. The scale was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and culturally adapted. Reliability and validity were evaluated in 45 individuals divided into three groups of 15 (without PTSD, with PTSD, and treated for PTSD). Reliability was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficient - ICC and Cronbach's alfa. Discriminant validity was evaluated by comparing mean IES-R scores in the three groups. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was evaluated to determine cut-offs with higher sensitivity (s) and specificity (e) using the clinical interview (DSM-IV) as reference. The IES-R showed good reliability (ICC = 1; alfa from 0.75 to 0.93). The mean IES-R scores (p < 0.05) and ROC curve had good discriminant validity for a cut-off of 5.6 (s = 0.80, e = 0.70 and AUC = 0.81). The Brazilian version of IES-R showed good properties and can be a useful screening tool for PTSD.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
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    ABSTRACT: The Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) is used to screen for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to assess the cross-cultural adaptation of the IES-R. The scale was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and culturally adapted. Reliability and validity were evaluated in 45 individuals divided into three groups of 15 (without PTSD, with PTSD, and treated for PTSD). Reliability was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficient – ICC and Cronbach's alfa. Discriminant validity was evaluated by comparing mean IES-R scores in the three groups. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was evaluated to determine cut-offs with higher sensitivity (s) and specificity (e) using the clinical interview (DSM-IV) as reference. The IES-R showed good reliability (ICC = 1; alfa from 0.75 to 0.93). The mean IES-R scores (p < 0.05) and ROC curve had good discriminant validity for a cut-off of 5.6 (s = 0.80, e = 0.70 and AUC = 0.81). The Brazilian version of IES-R showed good properties and can be a useful screening tool for PTSD.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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    Andrea Vannini Santesso Caiuby · Paola Bruno de Araújo Andreoli · Sergio Baxter Andreoli
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    ABSTRACT: O transtorno de estresse pós-traumático tem sido descrito em pacientes após tratamento em unidade de terapia intensiva. O objetivo foi revisar estudos sobre os aspectos psicológicos e as intervenções terapêuticas destes pacientes após internação em unidade de terapia intensiva. Trinta e oito artigos foram incluídos. A prevalência de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático variou de 17% a 30% e a incidência de 14% a 24%. Os fatores de risco foram: história prévia de ansiedade, depressão ou pânico, ter memórias traumáticas ilusórias (memórias derivadas de formações psíquicas como sonho e delirium), tempo de ventilação mecânica, experiências estressantes, crenças e comportamentos de característica depressiva. Doses altas de opióides, sintomas na retirada da sedação ou analgesia e o uso de lorazepam foram relacionados ao aumento de delirium e de memória ilusória. A sintomatologia do transtorno pode ser reduzida com a administração de hidrocortisona, com a interrupção diária da sedação e não foram encontrados estudos de efetividade de intervenção psicológica.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva