[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The place of serum S100B measurement in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) management is still controversial. Our prospective study aimed to evaluate its utility in the largest child cohort described to date.
Children younger than 16 years presenting at a pediatric emergency department within 3 h after TBI were enrolled prospectively for blood sampling to determine serum S100B concentrations. The following information was collected: TBI severity determined by using the Masters classification [1: minimal or Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 15, 2: mild or GCS 13-15, and 3: severe or GCS <13]; whether hospitalized or not; good or bad clinical evolution (CE); whether cranial computed tomography (CCT) was prescribed; and related presence (CCT+) or absence (CCT-) of lesions.
For the 446 children enrolled, the median concentrations of S100B were 0.21, 0.31, and 0.44 μg/L in Masters groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, with a statistically significant difference between these groups (P < 0.05). In Masters group 2, 65 CCT scans were carried out. Measurement of S100B identified patients as CCT+ with 100% (95% CI 85-100) sensitivity and 33% (95% CI 20-50) specificity. Of the 424 children scored Masters 1 or 2, 21 presented "bad CE." S100B identified bad CE patients with 100% (95% CI 84-100) sensitivity and 36% (95% CI 31-41) specificity. Of the 242 children hospitalized, 81 presented an S100B concentration within the reference interval.
Serum S100B determination during the first 3 h of management of children with mTBI has the potential to reduce the number of CCT scans, thereby avoiding unnecessary irradiation, and to save hospitalization costs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: About 100 serotypes of human rhinovirus (HRV), classified into two species, have been identified by 1990. Uncultivable HRV variants have recently been identified and designated a new species. Recent improved diagnosis has led to a re-appraisal of the clinical impact of HRV infections in lower respiratory diseases.
To characterise clinical features in hospitalised patients with positive HRV RNA detection and to determine the distribution of HRV species in respiratory infections diagnosed during the winter of 2009-2010.
Prospective virus typing was conducted by sequencing the VP4/VP2 genomic regions, and clinical data were collected.
Fifty-eight patients (for 63 respiratory specimens) were included. Phylogenetic analysis identified 52% of HRV species A, 6% of species B and 40% of species C, and revealed the co-circulation of 34 different HRV types during the study period. Three infants had successive infections with two or three different types. Five patients were admitted to an intensive care unit, four of them on arrival. Bronchiolitis, pneumonia and exacerbation of asthma were observed in 34/45 children. Pneumonia and severe exacerbation of chronic lung disease were observed in 8/13 adults, of whom 1, with immunocompromised status, died of multivisceral failure.
This study underlines the diversity of co-circulating strains and the potential severity of clinical presentations associated with HRV infections.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Clinical and diagnostic management of traumatic brain injuries is problematic in young children. To facilitate this management, we describe blood reference ranges for the well established biomarker S100B in children younger than 3 years.
Serum S100B concentrations were determined by electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay in a population of 186 healthy children aged 0-3 years.
Four age groups emerged, i.e. 0-3, 4-9, 10-24 and 25-36 months. We also found an interesting inverse correlation with head circumference.
This study provides useful serum S100B values from the largest cohort of healthy children aged 0-3 years old.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Clinical biochemistry