Apostolos Papalois

Università degli studi di Cagliari, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy

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Publications (211)476.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether bioartificial liver support can attenuate gut mucosa injury in a porcine model of posthepatectomy liver dysfunction. Methods: Posthepatectomy liver failure was induced in pigs combining major (70%) liver resection and ischemia/reperfusion injury. An ischemic period of 150 minutes was followed by reperfusion for 24 hours. Animals were divided randomly into 2 groups: a control group (n = 6) that received standard critical care and a bioartificial liver support group (Hepat, n = 6) that were subjected to extracorporeal liver support for 6 hours during reperfusion. Intestinal mucosal injury, bacterial translocation, and endotoxin translocation were evaluated in all animals. Intestinal mucosa was also evaluated with markers of oxidative injury and immunohistochemical staining for caspase 3. Results: When compared with median values, the control group, animals in the Hepat group had a lesser intestinal mucosal injury score (4.0 [range:2.0-5.0] vs 1.0 [range:1.0-2.0]; P < .01), decreased bacterial translocation in the portal and the systemic circulation at 24 hours of reperfusion (P < .05), and decreased portal and systemic endotoxin levels at 24 hours (P < .05). At 24 hours after reperfusion, mucosal protein carbonyls and malondialdehyde levels were decreased in Hepat animals (0.57 nmol/mg [range:0.32-0.70] vs 0.33 nmol/mg [range:0.03-0.53] and 3.85 nmol/mg [range:3.01-6.43] vs 3.27 nmol/mg [range:1.46-3.55], respectively; P < .05). There was no difference in tissue caspase staining. Conclusion: Bioartificial liver support seems to attenuate intestinal mucosal injury and gut barrier dysfunction after major hepatectomy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Aim . Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory intra-abdominal disease, which takes a severe form in 15–20% of patients and can result in high mortality especially when complicated by acute renal failure. The aim of this study is to assess the possible reduction in the extent of acute kidney injury after administration of eugenol in an experimental model of acute pancreatitis. Materials and Methods . 106 male Wistar rats weighing 220–350 g were divided into 3 groups: (1) Sham, with sham surgery; (2) Control, with induction of acute pancreatitis, through ligation of the biliopancreatic duct; and (3) Eugenol, with induction of acute pancreatitis and eugenol administration at a dose of 15 mg/kg. Serum urea and creatinine, histopathological changes, TNF- α , IL-6, and MPO activity in the kidneys were evaluated at predetermined time intervals. Results . The group that was administered eugenol showed milder histopathological changes than the Control group, TNF- α activity was milder in the Eugenol group, and there was no difference in activity for MPO and IL-6. Serum urea and creatinine levels were lower in the Eugenol group than in the Control group. Conclusions . Eugenol administration was protective for the kidneys in an experimental model of acute pancreatitis in rats.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · HPB Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: A i m: The aim of this experimental study was to examine the effect of the antioxidant drug "U-74389G", on rat model and particularly in a hypoxia-reoxygenation protocol. The beneficial effect or non-effectiveness of that molecule were studied hematologically using blood mean platelet count. Results were that U-74389G administration interacted or not with reoxygenation time decreased the platelet count by 6.12% ∓ 3.58% (p = 0.0857) and 12.83% ∓ 5.79% (p = 0.0303) respectively. C o n c l u s i o n s: U-74389G administration interacted or not with reoxygenation time decreases the platelet count within short-term time of 2 hours by different significance levels.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Folia medica Cracoviensia
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aim: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with internally cooled electrodes is a technique for the in situ treatment of solid tumors, inducing characteristic pathological changes with limited clinical complications. Our purpose was to assess RFA-induced histological alterations and correlate them with clinical complications. Materials and methods: Using a porcine model, the pathology of RFA-induced kidney, liver and spleen lesions was associated with the postoperative course and clinical complications recorded. Results: Complications and relevant histological lesions, including abscess formation, hemorrhage and bile or urinary leakage, were limited or absent. The majority of RFA-induced necrotic tissue exhibited preserved architecture, with relatively limited inflammatory reaction, associated with sealing of blood/bile vessels or urinary tubules along the periphery of the lesions. Conclusion: The preserved architecture of RFA-induced necrotic tissue, its slow clearance, the relatively limited inflammation and the ability of RFA to seal blood/bile/urinary vessels are probably responsible for the minimal complications observed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · In vivo (Athens, Greece)
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Acetaminophen-induced liver injury (APAP) is recognized as a frequent etiologic factor responsible for hepatic damage in the developed world. Management remains still elusive as treatment options are limited and their results are inconclusive. Consequently new strategies are explored at the experimental level. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) present a promising modality as they can promote liver regeneration (LG) and compensate acute liver injury (ALI). Materials and methods: Our research was focused on articles related to drug-induced liver injury, mechanisms of liver regeneration (LG) after Acute Liver Injury (ALI) and recent experimental protocols of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) transplantation after chemical insult. All these studies are cited on Pubmed and MedLine. Results: This review has three distinct sections. First recent developments in ALI pathogenesis are presented. The second section covers cellular pathways and histological findings relevant to liver regeneration. The final chapter analyzes MSCs transplantation protocols after ALI and interrelation between liver regeneration and hepatic differentiation of MSCs. Conclusion: Adipose tissue stem cells (ADSCs) and (MSCs) transplantation represents a promising modality in severe ALI management although many aspects remain to be clarified.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Investigative Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Acute pancreatitis is associated with acute lung injury. The aim of the present study is to evaluate alterations of lungs in an experimental model of acute pancreatitis (AP) following both bilio-pancreatic duct obstruction close to the duodenum. Acute pancreatitis is a common disease with significant mortality. This situation makes the need of finding protective factors for the lung parenchyma, imperative. In the present study there is an effort to clarify the role of apigenin, a substance which is well known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, on lung injury, following acute pancreatitis in rats. Materials and methods: In the present study, 126 male Wistar-type rats 3-4 months old and 220-350 g weight were used. At time 0 we randomly assigned the following groups: Group Sham: Rats were subjected to virtual surgery. Group Control: Rats were subjected to surgery for induction of acute pancreatitis. Group Apigenin: Rats were subjected to surgery for induction of acute pancreatitis and enteral feeding with apigenin. Immunochemistry for TNF-α and IL-6 as well as MPO activity were measured at predetermined time intervals 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h, in order to evaluate architectural disturbances of the lung tissue. Results: From the pathological reports we realized that comparing the control group with the apigenin group, there is an improvement of lung tissue damage following apigenin administration, with statistical significance. Apigenin reduces most histopathological alterations of the pulmonary tissue, reduces MPO and TNF-α activity at 48 hours and, furthermore, reduces IL-6 activity at 72 hours post-administration. Conclusions: Oral Apigenin administration in rats, following experimental induced acute pancreatitis, seems to be protective on the lung tissue. Apigenin administration to humans could potentially ameliorate acute lung injuries. However, special caution is required for humans' use, as more detailed studies are needed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Investigative Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Sympathetic activation during myocardial ischemia enhances arrhythmogenesis, but the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the central sympathetic effects on ventricular repolarization during the early-period post-coronary artery occlusion. Main methods: We studied 12 Wistar rats (254±2g) for 30min following left coronary artery ligation, with (n=6) or without (n=6) pretreatment with the central sympatholytic agent clonidine. Mapping of left and right ventricular epicardial electrograms was performed with a 32-electrode array. As an index of sympathetic activation, heart rate variability in the frequency domain was calculated. Heart rate and repolarization duration were measured with a custom-made recording and analysis software, followed by calculation of intra- and inter-ventricular dispersion of repolarization. Key findings: Heart rate and heart rate variability indicated lower sympathetic activation in clonidine-treated rats during ischemia. Repolarization duration in the left ventricle prolonged after clonidine at baseline, independently of heart rate, but no differences were present 30min post-ligation. Dispersion of repolarization in the right ventricle remained stable during ischemia, whereas it increased in the left ventricle, equally in both groups. A similar trend was observed for inter-ventricular dispersion, without differences between groups. Significance: In addition to intra-ventricular repolarization-dispersion, anterior-wall myocardial ischemia may also increase inter-ventricular repolarization-dispersion. Progressive central sympathetic activation occurs during myocardial ischemia, but it does not affect intra- or inter-ventricular dispersion of ventricular repolarization during the early phase. Further research is warranted on the potential effects during subsequent time-periods.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Life sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: This study aims to evaluate atherosclerosis, oxidative stress, and arterial stiffness attenuation by simvastatin and ivabradine in hyperlipidemic rabbits. Methods and results: Forty rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: atherogenic diet (group C), atherogenic diet plus simvastatin (group S), atherogenic diet plus ivabradine (group I), and atherogenic diet plus simvastatin and ivabradine (group S + I). After 9 weeks, rabbits were euthanized and descending aortas excised for mechanical testing. Atherogenic diet induced the development of significant atherosclerotic lesions in group C animals but in none of groups S, I, and S + I. RAM-11 and HHF-35-positive cells were significantly reduced in groups S, I, and S + I compared with group C (P < .001). A significant neointimal hyperplasia and intima-media ratio reduction was demonstrated in groups S (P = .015 and P < .001), I (P = .021 and P < .001), and S + I (P = .019 and P < .001) compared with group C. Protein nitrotyrosine levels were significantly decreased in group S compared with group C (P = .009), and reactive oxygen species levels were decreased in group I compared with group C (P = .011). Aortic stiffness was significantly reduced in groups S, I, and S + I compared with group C (P = .003, P = .011, and P = .029). Conclusion: Simvastatin and ivabradine significantly inhibited intimal hyperplasia and oxidative stress contributing to aortic stiffness reduction in hyperlipidemic rabbits.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: . Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international, animal model-based course. It combines interactive lectures with basic ex vivo stations and more advanced wet lab modules, that is, in vivo dissections and Heart Transplant Surgery on a swine model. Materials and Methods . Forty-nine medical students (male, N = 27 , female N = 22 , and mean age = 23.7 years) from King’s College London (KCL) and Greek Medical Schools attended the course. Participants were assessed with Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS), as well as Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). Paired t -test associations were used to evaluate whether there was statistically significant improvement in their performance. Aim . To evaluate the effectiveness of a combined applied surgical science and wet lab simulation course as a teaching model for surgical skills at the undergraduate level. Results . The mean MCQ score was improved by 2.33/32 ( P < 0.005 ). Surgical skills competences, as defined by DOPS scores, were improved in a statically significant manner ( P < 0.005 for all paired t -test correlations). Conclusions . ESMSC seems to be an effective teaching model, which improves the understanding of the surgical approach and the basic surgical skills. In vivo models could be used potentially as a step further in the Undergraduate Surgical Education.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Resuscitation
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of a potential autophagy (LC3a/b) deregulation in hyper- and in hypo- stages during sepsis-induced kidney injury and the temporal profile of phosphorylated ERK (pERK), P38 (pP38), Akt (pAKT) and 13-3-3β protein were investigated in the current study, using a rat CLP model, by means of flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Cell viability was assessed by 7-AAD staining and inflammation by S100 protein immunostaining. The impact of reduced kidney inflammation in autophagy was assessed by protein C zymogen concentrate (PC) administration, an anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective substance.Sepsis induction increased LC3a/b expression, which presented two peaks at 6 h and 36 h post-CLPboth in the percentage of positive cells (p = 0.024, p = 0.025 respectively) and in fluorescence intensity. At 6 h when inflammation was already apparent, LC3a/b increase was escorted by pERK stimulation and high cell viability (65%), designating autophagy as a cytoprotective mechanism against microbial infection. P38's phosphorylation was delayed to 12 h post-CLP, when autophagy was reduced. pAkt and 14-3-3β expression was stimulated between 6 h and 36 h post-CLP, although a slight inhibition of pAkt within each cell was detected (lower MnIX value). During the second peak, inflammation was intensified, necrosis was significantly increased with LC3a/b+ /7-AAD + cells to present a 1.5fold increase.PC administration declined autophagy at 6 h and 36 h post-CLP and reduced necrosis whereas, LC3a/b+/7-AAD+ cells were increased 1.68 and 2.78 fold respectively.These data open new prospectives in sepsis treatment, since they further support that autophagy represents a cytoprotective mechanism triggered by stress conditions, rather than an alternative cell death pathway.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Shock (Augusta, Ga.)
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been related to a wide range of liver disorders including hyperandrogenic states such as the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the potential impact of dietary glycotoxins exposure and androgen excess on hepatic histology and biochemistry in an androgenized female rat model. Methods: The study population consisted of 80 female Wistar rats, divided in 3 groups, a group of prepubertal (Group A, n=30) and adult rats (Group B, n=20) that were androgenized via subcutaneous implantation of dihydrotestosterone-containing pellets as well as a group of adult non-androgenized rodents (Group C, n=30). All groups were randomly assigned either to a high-AGE or low-AGE diet for 3 months. Results: Rats fed with a high-AGE diet exhibited significantly elevated levels of gamma-glutamyl transferase (γGT) (p≤0.0002) and indices of AGE immunostaining in liver tissue (pper se constitutes an aggravating factor as demonstrated by the elevated γGT levels in adult androgenized animals compared to non-androgenized, independent of diet content (p=0.0002) and by the elevated AST and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in low-AGE subgroups (adult androgenized vs. non-androgenized, p=0.0002) followed by increased immunohistochemical AGE deposition in hepatocytes of the latter categories (p=0.0007). Conclusion: The present study suggests that androgens and glycotoxins may contribute synergistically to distort hepatic physiology and function as observed in hyperandrogenic conditions.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) major and minor component anti-inflammatory effect on aorta was evaluated; Wistar rats were fed (9 weeks) on either a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) or a HCD supplemented with oils, i.e. EVOO, sunflower oil (SO), high-oleic sunflower oil (HOSO), or oil-products modified to their phenolic content, i.e. phenolics deprived-EVOO [EVOO(-)], SO enriched with the EVOO phenolics [SO(+)], HOSO enriched with the EVOO phenolics [HOSO(+)]. HCD induced dyslipidemia and resulted in higher aorta adhesion molecules levels at euthanasia. Groups receiving EVOO, EVOO(-), HOSO, HOSO(+) presented higher serum TC and LDL-c levels compared to cholesterol-fed rats; attenuation of aorta E-selectin levels was also observed. In EVOO/EVOO(-) groups, aorta vascular endothelial adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) was lower compared to HCD animals. SO/SO(+) diets had no effect on endothelial dysfunction amelioration. Overall, our results suggest that major and/or minor EVOO constituents improve aorta E-selectin and VCAM-1, while serum lipids do not benefit.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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    ABSTRACT: Material and methods: Twelve pigs were used, weighing 30-35 kg in average, which were allocated in two groups: the I/R group with eight pigs and the sham-operated (control) one with four pigs. The I/R group underwent portacaval anastomosis and Pringle maneuver followed by extended hepatectomy. The hepatoduodenal ligament was occluded for 150 min and the liver remnant was reperfused for 24 hours. Blood samples were steadily received throughout the surgical procedure, where hepatic biopsies were taken for pathological evaluation. Animals were sacrificed in 24 hours after the onset of reperfusion. Results: Between the two groups, statistically significant differences were noticed in serum values of AST, ALT, ALP, and total bilirubin in the early and late phase of reperfusion. The mRNA expression of iNOS, IL-1b, and TGF-a did not increase significantly in the I/R group. Conversely, the mRNA modification of IL-6, STAT-3, and E-selectin demonstrated significantly increased expression in I/R animals. Conclusions: In the present survey, a new I/R swine model was proposed and specific parameters were analyzed, revealing differences between the study groups.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Investigative Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aim: The free radical-scavenging effects of the lazaroid U-74389G have been shown in several experimental models to protect the liver from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), however, the mechanism of cytoprotection is not fully understood. Similar findings were observed when ascorbic acid was administered. This study investigates the effects of infusion of lazaroid U-74389G and ascorbic acid on cytokines and liver structure in a liver I/R rat model. Materials and methods: Sixty male Wistars rats, weighting 220-290 g, were used in the study. Six experimental groups were formed: Group 1 (control group): ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 60 min; group 2 (control group): ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 120 min; group 3: ischemia for 30 min, intraportal injection of ascorbic acid, and reperfusion for 60 min; group 4: ischemia for 30 min, ascorbic acid administration, and reperfusion for 120 min; group 5: ischemia for 30 min, U-74389G administration, and reperfusion for 60 min; and group 6: ischemia for 30 min, U-74389G administration, and reperfusion for 120 min. Tissue and blood sampling took place upon completion of each model's reperfusion. U-74389G was administered at 10 mg/kg animal body weight and ascorbic acid at 100 mg/kg. Anesthesia was induced with ketamine and xylazine. Surgery was performed through a midline laparotomy. The portal vein and the common hepatic artery were isolated and prepared for occlusion. Blood samples and wedge liver biopsies were taken to measure levels of liver enzymes, cytokines and for microscopic analysis upon completion of reperfusion once for each model. Results: Histopathological evaluation revealed a statistically significant reduction in the degree of necrosis of liver tissue in the treated groups compared to the control groups 1 and 2 [groups 3, 5 (p=0.010) and 4, 6 (p<0.0005)]. On the other hand, tissue malondialdehyde levels (MDA) were statistically significantly increased only between control group 2 and groups 4, 6 (p<0.0005). There was no statistically significant difference in tumor necrosis factor-α between groups. As for liver enzymes, only alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (gGT) were statistically significantly reduced in treated groups 3 and 5 (ALP: p=0.027, and gGT: p=0.002) and 4 and 6 (ALP: p=0.004, and gGT: p=0.015) compared to control groups 1 and 2. Conclusion: Based on histological data and the reduction of some of the liver enzymes, in spite of a rise of malondialdehyde, in this rat model, administration of U-74389G in liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has potential in attenuating liver damage.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · In vivo (Athens, Greece)
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    ABSTRACT: Prevention of left ventricular remodeling is an important therapeutic target post-myocardial infarction. Experimentally, treatment with growth hormone (GH) is beneficial, but sustained local administration has not been thoroughly investigated. We studied 58 rats (322 ± 4 g). GH was administered via a biomaterial-scaffold, following in vitro and in vivo evaluation of degradation and drug-release curves. Treatment consisted of intra-myocardial injection of saline or alginate-hydrogel, with or without GH, 10 min after permanent coronary artery ligation. Echocardiographic and histologic remodeling-indices were examined 3 weeks post-ligation, followed by immunohistochemical evaluation of angiogenesis, collagen, macrophages and myofibroblasts. GH-release completed at 3 days and alginate-degradation at ∼7 days. Alginate + GH consistently improved left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters, ventricular sphericity, wall tension index and infarct-thickness. Microvascular-density and myofibroblast-count in the infarct and peri-infarct areas were higher after alginate + GH. Macrophage-count and collagen-content did not differ between groups. Early, sustained GH-administration enhances angiogenesis and myofibroblast-activation and ameliorates post-infarction remodeling.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland)
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    Preview · Article · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is a major mechanism underlying CVDs while inflammation, an intertwined process with oxidative stress, is also linked to CVDs. Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is widely known to play a pivotal role in CVD prevention and CVD reduction. However, in most studies, olive oil constituents are evaluated individually and not as part of the native food, hence potential synergistic effects as drivers of EVOO beneficial properties may be underestimated. In this study, EVOO lipidic and polar phenolics fractions were evaluated for their effect on inflammatory (TNF-alpha) and oxidation (malondialdehyde/MDA) markers, in cholesterol-fed rats. Thereat, oils with discernible lipidic profile and polar phenolic content were used. Wistar rats were fed on either a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) or a HCD supplemented with oils, either commercially available, i.e. EVOO, sunflower oil (SO), or modified as to their polar phenol content, i.e. phenolics deprived-EVOO (EVOOd), SO enriched with the EVOO phenolics (SOe). After 9 weeks of dietary intervention, heart and blood samples were collected. HCD induced dylipidemia shown by increase in serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and triacylglycerols. Heart tissue has been affected by dyslipidemia; oxidation was indicated by increase in MDA in cholesterol-fed rats and inflammation by increase in TNF-alpha. In both cases, this augmentation was attenuated in EVOO and SOe diets. With respect to oxidation, SO enrichment with the EVOO phenolics brought its lipid peroxidation levels as low as in EVOO-fed rats. This suggests that phenolic compounds may act as antioxidant agents in rat heart. A possible mechanism underlying this activity may be the protective effect of phenolics in mitochondrial membrane against oxidative damage. This was further supported by EVOO/EVOOd comparison with the former presenting lower heart MDA content. As for heart inflammation, phenolics naturally present in EVOO as well as phenolics chemically added in SO, exhibited quenching abilities in heart TNF-alpha levels of cholesterol-fed rats. TNF-alpha may have played a causative role in oxidative stress induction while the opposite may have also happened, hence setting up a vicious cycle. Overall, diet supplementation with EVOO or SOe attenuated hypercholesterolemia-induced increase in MDA and TNF-alpha in Wistar rat hearts. This is attributed to phenolic compounds either naturally existing in olive oil or as fortificants in seed oil.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Jul 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammation plays a pivotal role in CVD development, while phytochemicals have been shown to reduce CVD risk. Several studies have correlated olive oil consumption with CVD prevention and CVD risk reduction. However, the effect of individual olive oil macro- or micro-constituents and possible synergisms among them needs to be further elucidated. Herein, extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) lipidic and polar phenolics fractions were evaluated for their effect on inflammatory markers in cholesterol-fed rats. Oils combining different characteristics as to their polar phenolic content and lipid profile were used. Male Wistar rats were fed for 9 weeks on either a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) or a HCD supplemented with oils, either commercially available, i.e. EVOO, sunflower oil (SO), or modified as to their polar phenol content, i.e. phenolics deprived-EVOO (EVOOd), SO enriched with the EVOO phenolics (SOe). Post-intervention, aorta and blood samples were collected. HCD induced dyslipidemia, manifested by serum total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol elevation. Additionally, HCD resulted in higher adhesion molecules’ levels in rat aorta. In the case of E-selectin, this increase was attenuated by HCD supplementation with EVOO and EVOOd, while no alterations were observed in SO and SOe groups. No differences were observed between pairs of commercial and modified oils, indicating that oleates may be the components responsible for aorta E-selectin levels lowering. The same was true for vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1); augmentation in cholesterol-fed animals was attenuated by EVOO and EVOOd diets, highlighting oleates effect. In addition, VCAM-1 levels were higher in SO group compared to the respective SOe, indicating that in the presence of phenolic compounds linoleic acid have become less prone to oxidation. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) levels were higher in cholesterol-fed rats, however not affected by any of the oils supplemented during the intervention. Overall, EVOO was found superior in regulating adhesion molecule levels in rat aorta compared to SO. EVOO and EVOOd exhibited analogous effects on all adhesion molecules assessed, indicating that EVOO major constituents (oleates) improve E-selectin and VCAM-1 levels in rat aorta, independently from phenolics presence. Further research is needed to elucidate the effect of phenolics and oleates in other tissues.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Jul 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the experiment was to compare the effects of nifekalant and amiodarone on the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), survival, as well as on the hemodynamic parameters in a swine model of prolonged ventricular fibrillation (VF). After 8 min of untreated VF, bolus doses of epinephrine (adrenaline) and either nifekalant, or amiodarone, or saline (n = 10 per group), were administered after randomization. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was commenced immediately after drug administration and defibrillation was attempted 2 min later. CPR was resumed for another 2 min after each defibrillation attempt and the same dose of adrenaline was given every 4th minute during CPR. Forty-eight hour survival was significantly higher with nifekalant compared to amiodarone (p < 0.001) and saline (p = 0.02), (9/10 vs. 0/10 vs. 3/10, respectively). Systolic aortic pressure, diastolic aortic pressure and coronary perfusion pressure were significantly higher with nifekalant during CPR and immediate post-resuscitation period (p < 0.05). The animals in the amiodarone group had a slower heart rate at the 1st and 45th min post-ROSC (p < 0.001 and p = 0.006, respectively). The number of electric shocks required for terminating VF, time to ROSC and adrenaline dose were significantly higher with amiodarone compared to nifekalant (p < 0.001). Nifekalant showed a more favorable hemodynamic profile and improved survival compared to amiodarone and saline in this swine model.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy

Publication Stats

1k Citations
476.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011-2015
    • Università degli studi di Cagliari
      • Department of Environmental and Life Science
      Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy
    • Hospital for the Heart
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2010-2015
    • University of Patras
      • Department of Anatomy
      Rhion, West Greece, Greece
    • Democritus University of Thrace
      • Τμήμα Ιατρικής
      Komotina, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece
    • Γενικό Νοσοκομείο Σάμου Αγίου Παντελεήμονα
      Vathy, North Aegean, Greece
  • 2009-2015
    • University of Ioannina
      • Division of Cardiology
      Yannina, Epirus, Greece
  • 2014
    • University of Glasgow
      • College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences
      Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 2012-2014
    • Laiko Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2006-2014
    • Elpen Pharmaceuticals Co. Inc.
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Forest Research Institute of Athens
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2004-2014
    • Harokopion University of Athens
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Alexandra Regional General Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2009-2012
    • Attikon University Hospital
      • Department of Cardiology
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2003-2012
    • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
      • Department of Medicine
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2000-2010
    • ΓΕΝΙΚΟ ΝΟΣΟΚΟΜΕΙΟ ΑΘΗΝΩΝ "Γ. ΓΕΝΝΗΜΑΤΑΣ"
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2000-2001
    • Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center
      • Department of Cardiology
      Kallithea, Attica, Greece