[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Melanoma consists 4-5% of all skin cancers, but it contributes to 71-80% of skin cancers deaths. It is controversial whether worldwide increases in melanoma incidence represent a true epidemic but at the same time that dramatic increase in incidence occur in setting of relatively stable mortality trends, observed in Croatia also. The majority of authors accept that main risk factors for melanoma relate to environmental exposure and genetics with epidemiologic studies linking sun exposure to melanoma development. Data were obtained from Croatian cancer register for patients diagnosed between 1999 and 2008, for malignant melanoma of the skin (ICD-10 code C43) at national level and from 2003 to 2008, at the County level (Primorsko-goranska County). Melanoma incidence nearly doubled in males from 8.75 to 13.4/10(5) per year, fold in females from 9.1 at the start of observation to the end of 12.0/10(5) per year in Croatia. Melanoma incidence rates were much more higher for Primorsko-goranska County with range from 10.1 to 17.5/10(5) per year. The greatest increase of melanoma incidence rates was in males 60 years and over year group at diagnosis. National comparison of variation in cancer incidence by region and age can provide basis for public health prevention. It requires the integration of information on risk factors, incidence that could help to reduce regional inequalities in incidence and reduce the future cancer incidence.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · Collegium antropologicum
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patient satisfaction has been a widely investigated subject in health care research. Quality of care from the patient perspective, especially in home health care, however has been investigated only very recently. Home health care is a system of care provided by skilled practitioners to patients in their homes under the direction of a physician. Multidisciplinary nature of home health care services present challenges to quality measurement that differ from those found in a more traditional hospital settings. The aim of the study was to investigate the satisfaction of elderly patients living on islands with home health care. Participants receiving skilled nursing care in their homes, for any diagnosis, who met selection criteria, were surveyed about their perception of the quality of health care. The research was conducted during the year 2010 among the residents of Kvarnerian islands (Krk, Cres and Mali Losinj) under the authority of Croatian Institute for Health Insurance that approved the protocols employed in the investigation. Most older patients (96.2%) reported high levels of satisfaction with health services delivery. Common leading diagnosis among home health care patient include diseases of circulatory system (28.9% of patients), nutritional and metabolic disease (14.5%), malignant diseases (13.2%), musculoskeletal and connective tissue disease (11.8%), diseases of the nervous system (9.2%), followed by injury and poisoning (7.9%). Provision of home health care was well received by elderly patients. Home health care providers seek to provide high quality, safe care in ways that honour patient autonomy and accommodate the individual characteristics of each patients home and family. The demographics of an aging society will sustain the trend towards home-based care. Therefore, research on effective practices, conducted in home health care settings, is necessary to support excellent and evidence-based care.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Collegium antropologicum