[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant mesothelioma is a neoplastic disease linked to asbestos exposure whose diagnosis is limited, so detection methods for an early diagnosis and treatment result essential. Here, we compared proteomic profiles of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and benign biopsies to search potential biomarkers useful in differential diagnosis.
Tissue biopsies were obtained from 53 patients who were subjected to a diagnostic thoracoscopy. Two-dimensional electrophoresis/mass spectrometry based approach was used for proteomic analysis and protein validation was carried out by western blot analysis versus benign and lung carcinoma samples RESULTS: Among the proteins identified we confirmed known MPM biomarkers such as calretinin and suggested the new ones as pre-lamin A/C, desmin, vimentin, calretinin, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase A, myosin regulatory light chain 2, ventricular/cardiac muscle isoform, myosin light chain 3 and myosin light chain 6B. Ingenuity software was used to identify the biological processes to which these proteins belong and to construct a potential network.
Overall, our results suggest potential biomarkers that can be useful in occupational medicine for the early identification of the onset of disease in health surveillance of past asbestos-exposed workers, for monitoring the progress of disease and for assessing the response to treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Data on neurobiological mechanisms underlying mood disorders are elusive; the aetiology of such states is multifactorial, including genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Diagnosis is currently being made only on an interview-based methodology. Biological markers, which could improve the current classification, and in perspective, stratify patients on a biological basis into more homogeneous clinically distinct subgroups, are highly needed. We describe here a comparative proteomic analysis of peripheral lymphocytes from patients affected by acute psychotic bipolar disorder (PBD) (n = 15), major depressive episode (MDE) with no personal or family history of psychosis (n = 11), and a group of demographically matched healthy controls (HC) (n = 15). All patients were evaluated by means of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-Patient version (SCID-I-P), Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D-17) questionnaires. Blood lymphocytes were obtained by gradient separation, and 2-DE was carried out on protein extracts. Significant differences in protein patterns among the three groups were observed. Thirty-six protein spots were found to be differentially expressed in patients compared to controls, which collapsed into 25 different proteins after mass spectrometry identification. Twenty-one of these proteins failed to discriminate between PBD and MDE, suggesting common signatures for these disorders. Nevertheless, after the western blot validation only two of the remaining proteins, namely LIM and SH3 domain protein1, and short-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase mitochondrial protein, resulted in being significantly upregulated in PBD samples suggesting additional mechanisms that could be associated with the psychotic features of bipolar disorder.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Molecular BioSystems
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Major salivary gland tumours are uncommon neoplasms of the head and neck. The increase of precise pre-operative diagnosis is crucial for their correct management and the identification of molecular markers would surely improve the required accuracy. In this study we performed a comparative proteomic analysis of fine needle aspiration fluids of the most frequent benign neoplasms of major salivary glands, namely pleomorphic adenoma and Warthin's tumour, in order to draw their proteomic profiles and to point out their significant features. Thirty-five patients submitted to parotidectomy were included in the study, 22 were identified to have pleomorphic adenoma and 14 Warthin's tumour. Fine needle aspiration samples were processed using a two-dimensional electrophoresis/mass spectrometry-based approach. A total of 26 differentially expressed proteins were identified. Ingenuity software was used to search the biological processes to which these proteins belong and to construct potential networks. Intriguingly, all Warthin's tumour up-regulated proteins such as Ig gamma-1 chain C region, Ig kappa chain C region and Ig alpha-1 chain C region and S100A9 were correlated to immunological and inflammatory diseases, while pleomorphic adenomas such as annexin A1, annexin A4, macrophage-capping protein, apolipoprotein E and alpha crystalline B chain were associated with cell death, apoptosis and tumorigenesis, showing different features of two benign tumours. Overall, our results shed new light on the potential usefulness of a proteomic approach to study parotid tumours and in particular up regulated proteins are able to discriminate two types of benign parotid lesions.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are complex neuropsychiatric conditions of multifactorial etiology whose diagnosis is currently based solely on clinical interview methodology. Therefore, biomarkers which could improve the current classification and in perspective stratify patients on a biological basis into more homogeneous clinically distinct subgroups, are highly needed.Objectives
We describe here the preliminary data on the application of a protein profiling investigation for the identification of peripheral markers for psychotic disorders, based on a proteomic approach.AimsTo identify serum protein biomarkers in patients with acute phase psychotic disorder compared with anxiety or depressive disorders with no history of psychosis.Methods
Patients were sampled and evaluated by means of SCID-I, PANSS, YMRS, HAM-A, HAM-D.Lymphocytes have been separeted and Two-Dimensional Electrophoresis (2-DE) was carried out on protein extracts. Analysis was performed using Progenesis Same Spot software.Result2-DE showed significant differences in protein patterns between the two groups, in particular some protein spots are upregulated in a statistically significant manner and are under identification by mass spectrometry. PCA underlies a clear separation between the two groups, with a t1 value for the first component of 54%.Conclusions
Preliminary analysis of a small sample shows significant differences in protein pattern between acute psychotic patients compared with non-psychotic psychiatric controls. Further work will widen the sample and will identify the single proteins.
No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · European Psychiatry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Washing fluid (WF) from the colon rectal tract after surgical resection might represent a first step in obtaining a mixture of proteins derived from the secretion of tumoral epithelial cells potentially involved in the pathological progression of tissue. In this study, we performed a proteomic analysis of colorectal WF to search for potential biomarkers of colon cancer. The outcome of this approach might open the possibility of using WF to screen for the precancerous and early stages of colorectal cancer (CRC). Samples of WFs were obtained during surgery from 35 patients submitted to colon resection for suspicious adenocarcinoma or carcinoma, while the respective controls were obtained by washing the healthy sections. WFs were immediately centrifuged, concentrated and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) was added to obtain protein pellets. After two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE), the protein patterns of malignant samples were compared with respective normal samples. Forty-one protein spots were found to be differentially expressed exhibiting ≥2 fold-change of mean value spot intensities. After mass spectrometry, these protein spots collapsed into 38 different proteins. Interestingly, 19 of the differentially expressed proteins identified in the study corresponded to those suggested as being potential biomarkers of CRC. In accordance with the literature, these proteins showed the same direction of change (up or down for all proteins). Our results suggest that WF has the potential of being a method for the exploration of clinical samples for biomarker and drug target discovery.